• Overview
  • Obesity prevalence
  • Trends over time
  • Population breakdowns
  • Drivers
  • Comorbidities
  • Actions
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Obesity prevalence

Adults, 2014

Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-64
Sample size:1220
Area covered:National
References:Michala Lustigová, Naděžda Čapková (2017) Prevalence rizikových faktorů srdečně-cévních onemocnění v Česku z pohledu demografických charakteristik – vybrané výsledky studie EHES Demografie 59 (2) 162:170. Available at http://www.szu.cz/uploads/documents/chzp/ehes/Demografie02_2017_prehledy_EHES.pdf (last accessed 11.05.20)
Notes:This data from the MEASURED HES study not the HIS NB. Combined adult data estimated. These estimates were calculated by weighting male and female survey results. Weighting based on World Bank Population % total female 2019 (https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL.FE.ZS - accessed 05.10.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2008

Survey type:Measured
Age:20+
Sample size:1942
Area covered:National
References:Svacina S, Matoulek M, Horak P, & Lajka J. The Czech monitoring of Overweight and Obesity 2008, provided by STEM/MARK agency during Campaign: Live healthy. Sponsored by General Healthy Insurance of the Czech Republic.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 1997-1998

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
Sample size:3068
References:Personal Communication by Prof. Vojtech Hainer. The data were published in the following abstract. R. Cifkova et al.: Longitudinal trends in cardiovascular risk factors in the Czech population. European Heart. Journal, 20, 1999, suppl., Abstr. P2223
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2018

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:10-17
References:Sigmund E, Sigmundová D, Badura P, et al. Time-trends and correlates of obesity in Czech adolescents in relation to family socioeconomic status over a 16-year study period (2002-2018). BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):229. Published 2020 Feb 13. doi:10.1186/s12889-020-8336-2. Available at https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s12889-020-8336-2 (last accessed 18.02.20)
Notes:WHO cutoffs.
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2012-2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:7
Sample size:1457
Area covered:National
References:WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION. (2018). WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative: overweight and obesity among 6–9-year-old children. Available: http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0010/378865/COSI-3.pdf?ua=1. Last accessed [Accessed 28th Aug 2018].
Notes:WHO cut-offs used.
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2007-2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:7
Sample size:3634
Area covered:National
References:Spinelli et al (2019). 'Childhood Severe Obesity in Europe', Obes Facts.12, pp. 244–258. (Data from COSI round 1-3)
Notes:NOTE - this data is from COSI round I, II and III (2007 - 2013) IOTF cut-offs used.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:6-17
Sample size:1427
Area covered:National
References:Kunesova M, Vignerova J, Steflová A, Parízkova J, Lajka J, Hainer V, Blaha P, Hlavaty P, Kalouskova P, Hlavata K and Wagenknecht M. (2007). Obesity and overwight in Czech children and adolescents - associated with parental obesity and socioeconomical factors. Journal of Public Health, 15 (3): 163 - 170.
Notes:IOTF Cut off. Reference: Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2001

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-11
Sample size:8762
References:Personal communication from Jane Vignerova, National Institue of Public Health.
Notes:Boys = 4390Girls = 4372 IOTF Cut off. Reference: Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 1998

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-11
Sample size:3345
References:Personal communication from Jane Vignerova, National Institue of Public Health.
Notes:Girls = 1657 Boys = 1688 IOTF Cut off. Reference: Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age and education

Men, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Notes:Some Czechia data considered to have low reliability, see EUROSTAT database for details
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Notes:Some Czechia data considered to have low reliability, see EUROSTAT database for details
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by education

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:Total sample size in EU = 35100 (Age 18+)
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 9 November 2016)
Notes:Less than primary, primary and lower secondary education (levels 0-2) Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education (levels 3 and 4) Tertiary education (levels 5-8)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:Total sample size in EU = 35100 (Age 18+)
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 9 November 2016)
Notes:Less than primary, primary and lower secondary education (levels 0-2) Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education (levels 3 and 4) Tertiary education (levels 5-8)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-64
Sample size:1220
Area covered:National
References:Michala Lustigová, Naděžda Čapková (2017) Prevalence rizikových faktorů srdečně-cévních onemocnění v Česku z pohledu demografických charakteristik – vybrané výsledky studie EHES Demografie 59 (2) 162:170. Available at http://www.szu.cz/uploads/documents/chzp/ehes/Demografie02_2017_prehledy_EHES.pdf (last accessed 11.05.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-64
Sample size:1220
Area covered:National
References:Michala Lustigová, Naděžda Čapková (2017) Prevalence rizikových faktorů srdečně-cévních onemocnění v Česku z pohledu demografických charakteristik – vybrané výsledky studie EHES Demografie 59 (2) 162:170. Available at http://www.szu.cz/uploads/documents/chzp/ehes/Demografie02_2017_prehledy_EHES.pdf (last accessed 11.05.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2008

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/health/health-status-determinants/data/database# (last accessed 17th July 2015)
Notes:Definitions are: levels 0-2 = pre-primary, primary and lower secondary education levels 3-4 = upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education levels 5-6 = first and second stage of tertiary education
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2008

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/health/health-status-determinants/data/database# (last accessed 17th July 2015)
Notes:Definitions are: levels 0-2 = pre-primary, primary and lower secondary education levels 3-4 = upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education levels 5-6 = first and second stage of tertiary education
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2002-2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:45-69
Sample size:7081
Area covered:Urban areas
References:Pikhart H, Bobak M, Malyutina S, Pajak A, Kubinova R, Marmot M. Obesity and education in three countries of the Central and Eastern Europe: the HAPIEE study. Cent Eur J Public Health. 2007;15:140–142
Notes:Obesity was defined as BMI>30 kg/m2
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2002-2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:45-69
Sample size:7081
Area covered:Urban areas
References:Pikhart H, Bobak M, Malyutina S, Pajak A, Kubinova R, Marmot M. Obesity and education in three countries of the Central and Eastern Europe: the HAPIEE study. Cent Eur J Public Health. 2007;15:140–142
Notes:Obesity was defined as BMI>30 kg/m2
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 1998-2002

Survey type:Measured
Age:45-54
Sample size:14190
Area covered:Urban (27 cities)
References:Zejglicová K1, Kratĕnová J, Malý M, Kubínová R.  Incidence of risk factors of chronic non-infectious diseases including socioeconomic factors in the urban middle age population in the Czech Republic--results of HELEN study]. Cas Lek Cesk. 2006;145(12):936-42.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 1998-2002

Survey type:Measured
Age:45-54
Sample size:14190
Area covered:Urban (27 cities)
References:Zejglicová K1, Kratĕnová J, Malý M, Kubínová R.  Incidence of risk factors of chronic non-infectious diseases including socioeconomic factors in the urban middle age population in the Czech Republic--results of HELEN study]. Cas Lek Cesk. 2006;145(12):936-42.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2007-2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:7
Sample size:6,250
Area covered:National
References:Spinelli et al (2019). 'Childhood Severe Obesity in Europe', Obes Facts.12, pp. 244–258. (Data from COSI round 1-3)
Notes:WHO cut-offs used. Based on Mother's education level.
Cutoffs:WHO

Overweight/obesity by age

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:1220
Area covered:National
References:Michala Lustigová, Naděžda Čapková (2017) Prevalence rizikových faktorů srdečně-cévních onemocnění v Česku z pohledu demografických charakteristik – vybrané výsledky studie EHES Demografie 59 (2) 162:170. Available at http://www.szu.cz/uploads/documents/chzp/ehes/Demografie02_2017_prehledy_EHES.pdf (last accessed 11.05.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2008

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:1942
Area covered:National
References:"Svacina, S., Matoulek, M, Horak, P, Lajka J. The Czech monitoring of Overweight and Obesity, provided by STEM/MARK agency during Campaign: Live healthy Sponsored by General Healthy Insurance of the Czech Republic."
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 1997-1998

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:3206
Area covered:Subnational
References:Provided to the World Obesity Federation by Personal Communication by Prof. V Hainer (collated by Dr Cifkova & Dr Lanska)
Notes:9 Districts - unpublished works provided by personal communication
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2005

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:1427
Area covered:National
References:Kunesova M, Vignerova J, Steflova A, Parizkova J, Lajka J, Hainer V,Blaha P, Hlavaty P, Kalouskova P, HlavataK, Wagenknecht M. Overweight and obesity in Czech children and adolescents - association with parental obesity and socioeconoimical factors. J Publ Health, 2007, Vol 15(3)p163-170
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2001

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:35835
Area covered:National
References:Vignerova J, Blaha P, Kobzova J, Krejovsky L, Riedlova J. 6th Nationwide Anthropological Survey of Children and Adolescents 2001, Czech Republic. National Institute of Public Health, Prague 2002.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age and region

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1u&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1u&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by age and socio-economic group

Adults, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by socio-economic group

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:Total sample number in EU: 35100 (Age 18+)
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database: http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 9 November 2016)
Notes:1st Quintile (lowest income), 5th Quintile (highest income) Please note where data = zero, there were insufficient data.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:Total sample number in EU: 35100 (Age 18+)
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database: http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 9 November 2016)
Notes:1st Quintile (lowest income), 5th Quintile (highest income) Please note where data = zero, there were insufficient data.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2008

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/health/health-status-determinants/data/database# (last accessed 17th July 2015)
Notes:SES assessed by annual income
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2008

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/health/health-status-determinants/data/database# (last accessed 17th July 2015)
Notes:SES assessed by annual income
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Boys, 2018

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:10-17
Sample size:11629
Area covered:National
References:Sigmund E, Sigmundová D, Badura P, et al. Time-trends and correlates of obesity in Czech adolescents in relation to family socioeconomic status over a 16-year study period (2002-2018). BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):229. Published 2020 Feb 13. doi:10.1186/s12889-020-8336-2. Available at https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s12889-020-8336-2 (last accessed 18.02.20)
Notes:85-97th centile - overweight >97th centile - obesity
Cutoffs:Other

Girls, 2018

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:10-17
Sample size:11629
Area covered:National
References:Sigmund E, Sigmundová D, Badura P, et al. Time-trends and correlates of obesity in Czech adolescents in relation to family socioeconomic status over a 16-year study period (2002-2018). BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):229. Published 2020 Feb 13. doi:10.1186/s12889-020-8336-2. Available at https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s12889-020-8336-2 (last accessed 18.02.20)
Notes:85-97th centile - overweight >97th centile - obesity
Cutoffs:Other

Boys, 2018

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:10-16
References:Sigmund E, Sigmundová D, Badura P, et al. Time-trends and correlates of obesity in Czech adolescents in relation to family socioeconomic status over a 16-year study period (2002-2018). BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):229.
Notes:> 97th Centile
Cutoffs:Other

Girls, 2018

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:10-16
References:Sigmund E, Sigmundová D, Badura P, et al. Time-trends and correlates of obesity in Czech adolescents in relation to family socioeconomic status over a 16-year study period (2002-2018). BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):229.
Notes:> 97th Centile
Cutoffs:Other

Boys, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:10-16
References:Sigmund E, Sigmundová D, Badura P, et al. Time-trends and correlates of obesity in Czech adolescents in relation to family socioeconomic status over a 16-year study period (2002-2018). BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):229.
Notes:> 97th Centile
Cutoffs:Other

Girls, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:10-16
References:Sigmund E, Sigmundová D, Badura P, et al. Time-trends and correlates of obesity in Czech adolescents in relation to family socioeconomic status over a 16-year study period (2002-2018). BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):229.
Notes:> 97th Centile
Cutoffs:Other

Boys, 2010

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:10-16
References:Sigmund E, Sigmundová D, Badura P, et al. Time-trends and correlates of obesity in Czech adolescents in relation to family socioeconomic status over a 16-year study period (2002-2018). BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):229.
Notes:> 97th Centile
Cutoffs:Other

Girls, 2010

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:10-16
References:Sigmund E, Sigmundová D, Badura P, et al. Time-trends and correlates of obesity in Czech adolescents in relation to family socioeconomic status over a 16-year study period (2002-2018). BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):229.
Notes:> 97th Centile
Cutoffs:Other

Boys, 2006

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:10-16
References:Sigmund E, Sigmundová D, Badura P, et al. Time-trends and correlates of obesity in Czech adolescents in relation to family socioeconomic status over a 16-year study period (2002-2018). BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):229.
Notes:> 97th Centile
Cutoffs:Other

Girls, 2006

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:10-16
References:Sigmund E, Sigmundová D, Badura P, et al. Time-trends and correlates of obesity in Czech adolescents in relation to family socioeconomic status over a 16-year study period (2002-2018). BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):229.
Notes:> 97th Centile
Cutoffs:Other

Boys, 2002-2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:11-15
Sample size:4588
References:Sigmund E et al. (2018). Trends and correlates of overweight/ obesity in Czech adolescents in relation to family socioeconomic status over a 12-year study period (2002–2014). BMC Public Health. 122 (18), pp. 1-11.
Cutoffs:WHO

Girls, 2002-2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:11-15
Sample size:4588
References:Sigmund E et al. (2018). Trends and correlates of overweight/ obesity in Czech adolescents in relation to family socioeconomic status over a 12-year study period (2002–2014). BMC Public Health. 122 (18), pp. 1-11.
Cutoffs:WHO

Boys, 2002

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:10-16
References:Sigmund E, Sigmundová D, Badura P, et al. Time-trends and correlates of obesity in Czech adolescents in relation to family socioeconomic status over a 16-year study period (2002-2018). BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):229.
Notes:> 97th Centile
Cutoffs:Other

Girls, 2002

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:10-16
References:Sigmund E, Sigmundová D, Badura P, et al. Time-trends and correlates of obesity in Czech adolescents in relation to family socioeconomic status over a 16-year study period (2002-2018). BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):229.
Notes:> 97th Centile
Cutoffs:Other

Insufficient physical activity

Adults, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Men, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Women, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Children, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Boys, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Girls, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Sugar consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Sugar consumption (Number of 500g sugar portions/person/month)

Estimated per-capita sugar sweetened beverages intake

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International

Prevalence of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
References:World Health Organization. (2017). Adolescent obesity and related behaviours: Trends and inequalities in the who european region, 2002-2014: observations from the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) WHO collaborative cross-national study (J. Inchley, D. Currie, J. Jewel, J. Breda, & V. Barnekow, Eds.). World Health Organization. Sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org
Notes:15-year-old adolescents
Definitions:Prevalence of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption (% of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption)

Prevalence of confectionery consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Prevalence of confectionery consumption (Number of 50g confectionery portions/person/month)

Prevalence of sweet/savoury snack consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Prevalence of sweet/savoury snack consumption (Number of 35g sweet/savoury snack portions/person/month)

Estimated per-capita fruit intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita fruit intake (g/day)

Prevalence of less-than-daily fruit consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
References:Global School-based Student Health Surveys. Beal et al (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287. Sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system
Definitions:Prevalence of less-than-daily fruit consumption (% less-than-daily fruit consumption)

Prevalence of less-than-daily vegetable consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:12-17
References:Beal et al. (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287 sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system
Definitions:Prevalence of less-than-daily vegetable consumption (% less-than-daily vegetable consumption)

Estimated per-capita processed meat intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita processed meat intake (g per day)

Estimated per-capita whole grains intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita whole grains intake (g/day)

Mental health - depression disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with depression disorders

Mental health - anxiety disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with anxiety disorders

Oesophageal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Breast cancer

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, breast, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Colorectal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Pancreatic cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Gallbladder cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Kidney cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Cancer of the uterus

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, cervix uteri, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Raised blood pressure

Adults, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Men, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Women, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Raised cholesterol

Adults, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Men, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Women, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Raised fasting blood glucose

Men, 2014

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Women, 2014

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Diabetes prevalence

Adults, 2017

References:Reproduced with kind permission of IDF, International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas, 8th edition. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation, 2017. http://www.diabetesatlas.org
Definitions:Diabetes age-adjusted comparative prevalence (%).

Actions

Decree of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports no. 282/2016

Decree of the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports no. 282/2016 Sb. on food requirements for which advertising is admissible and which can be offered for sale in schools and school facilities. Advertising and selling of unhealthy foods are forbidden in schools and school facilities. The novelisation of this Decree from 2018 mitigated strong limits on food requirements.

Categories:Evidence of Marketing Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2016 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Find out more:www.msmt.cz
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Pamlsková vyhláška, MŠMT ČR [Internet]. www.msmt.cz. [cited 2020av Jul 27]. Available from: https://www.msmt.cz/ministerstvo/novinar/pamlskova-zacne-platit-20-zari-2016

Health Promoting School Program

The program brings together schools for which health does not only mean the absence of disease, but they perceive it as a result of interacting bio - psycho - social factors, the so - called holistic concept of health, which also corresponds to the WHO concept. Schools try to develop these factors by respecting the natural needs of the individual, promoting communication, cooperation, emphasis on responsibility for their own health and developing the life competencies of all members of the school community.

Categories (partial):Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2016 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Organisation:National Institute of Public Health
Find out more:www.szu.cz
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Program Škola podporující zdraví, SZÚ [Internet]. www.szu.cz. [cited 2020bb Jul 27]. Available from: http://www.szu.cz/program-skola-podporujici-zdravi?lang=1

Action Plan for Promoting Physical Activity for the period 2015-2020

This physical activity action plan is part of the national strategy for the protection and promotion of health and disease prevention.

Categories:Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2015-2020
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Find out more:ec.europa.eu
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Chruzander C. Promoting Physical Activity in Children, the Role of Physiotherapists Action Number: 1609 EU Platform for Action on Diet [Internet]. Physical Activity and Health. Available from: https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/nutrition_physical_activity/docs/ev_201711301_co01_en.pdf

European Union (EU) Action Plan on Childhood Obesity 2014-2020

EU Action plan. To contribute to halting the rise in overweight and obesity in children and young people (0-18 years) by 2020

Categories:Transnational Obesity Strategies/Policy or Action Plan
Year(s):2014-2020
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Find out more:ec.europa.eu
Linked document:Download linked document
References:EU Action Plan on Childhood Table of contents [Internet]. Available from: https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/nutrition_physical_activity/docs/childhoodobesity_actionplan_2014_2020_en.pdf ‌

HEALTH 2020 National Strategy for Health Protection and Promotion and Disease Prevention

Aims to prevent disease and promote health to improve the health of the population by providing safe, stable environments, tackling major health problems, reducing health inequalities, empowering people and more.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2014-2020
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health of The Czech Republic
Find out more:www.iccp-portal.org
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Ministry of Health of thr Czech republic (2014). HEALTH 2020 National Strategy for Health Protection and Promotion and Disease Prevention. Available from https://www.iccp-portal.org/health-2020-%E2%80%93-national-strategy-health-protection-and-promotion-and-disease-prevention [Accessed 8th Nov].

Code of Advertising Practice

Self-regulatory code of advertising practice

Categories:Evidence of Marketing Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2013 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Czech Advertising Standards Council
Find out more:www.rpr.cz
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Rada pro reklamu [Internet]. www.rpr.cz. [cited 2020az Jul 27]. Available from: https://www.rpr.cz/cz/en.php

Choices Logo

A voluntary, industry-initiated labelling scheme where the identifies healthier options in each food group. Products must meet nutritional criteria set by an independent scientific committee.

Categories:Labelling Regulation/Guidelines
Industry/Government regulations - voluntary /pledges
Year(s):2011 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Find out more:nlchamber.cz

The Choices Programme

This is a front of pack labelling programme, with aim to assist the consumer to make healthy choices

Categories:Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Categories (partial):Labelling Regulation/Guidelines
Year(s):2006 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Choices International Foundation
Find out more:nlchamber.cz
Linked document:Download linked document
References:The Choices Programme [Internet]. Netherlands-Czech Chamber of Commerce. Available from: https://nlchamber.cz/unilever-ahold-heineken-the-choices-programme/

Healthy school canteen

The Healthy School Canteen project seeks to ensure that school canteens are served a varied, nutritionally balanced and tasty diet.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Find out more:www.zdravaskolnijidelna.cz
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Co vám přináší projekt Zdravá školní jídelna? [Internet]. Zdravá školní jídelna. [cited 2020 Jul 27]. Available from: https://www.zdravaskolnijidelna.cz/o-projektu

Nebud' pecka

One of the European Youth Tackling Obesity (EYTO) projects, Nebud’ pecka was a campaign based in Prague, Czech Republic. The campaign title relates to being active, moving and having an interest in life. The most successful element of the Nebuď pecka campaign was interactive lectures in school settings, where young people shared newly acquired information with their peers in an attractive way. Trying new sports and support and changing eating habits formed part of this campaign.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:European Youth Tackling Obesity
Find out more:www.eyto.org.uk
Linked document:Download linked document
References:EYTO [Internet]. www.eyto.org.uk. [cited 2020z Jul 25]. Available from: http://www.eyto.org.uk/

Parky v pohybu

Project focused on the promotion of physical activity and healthy lifestyle

Categories:Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Parky v pohybu
Find out more:parkyvpohybu.wixsite.com
Linked document:Download linked document
References:PARKY V POHYBU [Internet]. vyzva. [cited 2020au Jul 25]. Available from: https://parkyvpohybu.wixsite.com/vyzva#:~:text=PARKY%20V%20POHYBU%20%7C%20vyzva&text=Cvi%C4%8D%C3%ADme%20v%20m%C4%9Bstsk%C3%BDch%20parc%C3%ADch%20a

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