• Overview
  • Obesity prevalence
  • Trends over time
  • Population breakdowns
  • Drivers
  • Comorbidities
  • Health systems
  • Policies
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Obesity prevalence

Adults, 2019

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat 2019. Data available at https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 09.08.21)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2019-2020

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:15+
Sample size:22,072
Area covered:National
References:Encuesta Europea de Salud en España (EESE) 2020. Available at: https://www.mscbs.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/EncuestaEuropea/EncuestaEuropea2020/EESE2020_inf_evol_princip_result.pdf. Last accessed: 27.05.21.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:23089
Area covered:National
References:ENES 2017 available at https://www.mscbs.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/encuestaNacional/encuesta2017.htm (last accessed 03.03.21)
Notes:Sample size is for 15+ Years (only 18+ years included below)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2014-2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-64
Sample size:3966
Area covered:National
References:Aranceta-Bartrina, J. et al. (2016) 'Prevalence of General Obesity and Abdominal Obesity in the Spanish Adult Population (Aged 25-64 Years) 2014-2015: The ENPE Study', Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed), 69(6), pp. 579-87. doi: 10.1016/j.rec.2016.02.009. Epub 2016 Apr 26
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2008-2010

Survey type:Measured
Age:18+
Sample size:12036
Area covered:National
References:Gutierrez-Fisac JL, Guallar-Castillion P, Leon-Munoz LM, Graciani A, Banegas JR & Rodriguez-Artalejo F. Prevalence of general and abdominal obesity in the adult population of Spain, 2008-2010. Obesity Reviews early online 12th Dec 2011.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2001

Survey type:Measured
Age:20+
Sample size:6569
References:http://www.fnri.dost.gov.ph/files/fnri%20files/nns/factsandfigures2003/anthropometric.pdf last accessed June 14th 2011
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 1990-2001

Survey type:Measured
Age:20+
Sample size:20589
Area covered:Regional
References:Serra Majem L, Ribas Barba L, Aranceta-Bartrina J, Pérez Rodrigo C, Saavedra Santana P, Peña Quintana L. Obesidad infantil y juvenil en España. Resultados del estudio enKid (1998-2000). Med Clin (Barc). 2003, 121 (19): 725-732. Aranceta-Bartrina J, Serra-Majem L, Foz-sala M, Moreno-Esteban B; Grupo Colaborativo SEEDO. Prevalencia de obesidad en España. Med Clin (Barc). 2005, 125 (12): 460-6. Gutierrez-Fisac JL, López E, Banegas JR, Graciani A, Rodríguez-Artalejo F (2004). Prevalence of overweight and obesity in elderly people in Spain. Obes Res; 12 (4): 710-715.
Notes:Pooled analysis of random regional population samples: 1998 - 2000 1990 - 2000 2001
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 1990-1994

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-60
Sample size:5388
References:Aranceta J, Perex Rodrigo C, Serra Majem LI et al. Prevalence od Obesity in Spain: SEEDO'97 study. Spanish Collaborative Group for the Study of Obesity. Med Clin (Barc). 1998;117:441-5
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2019-2020

Survey type:Measured
Age:8-16
Sample size:3724
Area covered:National
References:Gómez SF, Homs C, Wärnberg J, et alStudy protocol of a population-based cohort investigating PhysCIal Activity, Sedentarism, lifestyles and Obesity in Spanish youth: the PASOS studyBMJ Open 2020;10:e036210. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036210. Available at: https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/10/9/e036210. Further data provided by personal communication by Dr. SANTI F. GÓMEZ of the GASOL Foundation.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2019

Survey type:Measured
Age:6-9
Sample size:16665
Area covered:National
References:Ministerio de Consumo, Agency Espanola de seguirdad alimentaria y nutrction (2020) ALADINO 2019 Informe Breve. ESTUDIO SOBRE LA ALIMENTACIÓN, ACTIVIDAD FÍSICA, DESARROLLO INFANTIL Y OBESIDAD EN ESPAÑA 2019
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2015-2016

Survey type:Measured
Age:6-9
Sample size:10,899
Area covered:National
References:Estudio ALADINO Estudio de Vigilancia del Crecimiento, Alimentación,Actividad Física, Desarrollo Infantil y Obesidad en España. 2015. Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad Agencia Española de Consumo, Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutrición, 2016. Available from: http://www.aecosan.msssi.gob.es/AECOSAN/docs/documentos/nutricion/observatorio/Estudio_ALADINO_2015.pdf (accesed 9th April 2019) [Article in Spanish].
Notes:IOTF cut-offs used.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2015-2016

Survey type:Measured
Age:6-9
Sample size:10899
Area covered:National
References:Ministerio de Consumo, Agency Espanola de seguirdad alimentaria y nutrction (2020) ALADINO 2019 Informe Breve. ESTUDIO SOBRE LA ALIMENTACIÓN, ACTIVIDAD FÍSICA, DESARROLLO INFANTIL Y OBESIDAD EN ESPAÑA 2019
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2012

Survey type:Measured
Age:8-17
Sample size:978
Area covered:National
References:Sánchez-Cruz JJ, Jiménez-Moleón JJ, Fernández-Quesada F, Sánchez MJ. Prevalence of Child and Youth Obesity in Spain in 2012.Rev Esp Cardiol. 2013 Jan 31. pii: S0300-8932(12)00640-9. doi: 10.1016/j.recesp.2012.10.016. [Epub ahead of print] In English & Spanish
Notes:International IOTF cut off points
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2010-2011

Survey type:Measured
Age:6-9
Sample size:7659
Area covered:National
References:Napoleón Pérez-Farinós, Ana M. López-Sobaler, M. Ángeles Dal Re, Carmen Villar, Estefanía Labrado, Teresa Robledo, Rosa M. Ortega, "The ALADINO Study: A National Study of Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Spanish Children in 2011", BioMed Research International, vol. 2013, Article ID 163687, 7 pages, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/163687
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2010

Survey type:Measured
Age:10-12
Sample size:1008
Area covered:Regional
References:Brug J, van Stralen MM, te Velde SJ, Chinapaw MJM, De Bourdeaudhuij I, et al. (2012) Differences in Weight Status and Energy-Balance Related Behaviors among Schoolchildren across Europe: The ENERGY-Project. PLoS ONE 7(4): e34742. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0034742
Notes:IOTF International Cut Off
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2010-2011

Survey type:Measured
Age:6-9
Sample size:7659
Area covered:National
References:Ministerio de Consumo, Agency Espanola de seguirdad alimentaria y nutrction (2020) ALADINO 2019 Informe Breve. ESTUDIO SOBRE LA ALIMENTACIÓN, ACTIVIDAD FÍSICA, DESARROLLO INFANTIL Y OBESIDAD EN ESPAÑA 2019
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2009-2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-8
Sample size:7747
Area covered:National
References:Spinelli et al (2019). 'Childhood Severe Obesity in Europe', Obes Facts.12, pp. 244–258. (Data from COSI round 1-3)
Notes:NOTE - this data is from COSI round II and III (2009- 2013) IOTF cut-offs used.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2000-2002

Survey type:Measured
Age:13-14
Area covered:National
References:Personal communication from LA Moreno
Notes:Large National Survey but sample size not specified IOTF Cut off. Reference: Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 1998-2000

Survey type:Measured
Age:5-17
Sample size:2057
Area covered:National
References:Serra Majem L, Ribas Barba L, Aranceta Bartrina J, Pérez Rodrigo C, Saavedra Santana P, Peña Quintana L. (2003). Obesidad infantil y juvenil en España. Resultados del estudio enKid (1998-2000). Medicina Clinica (Barc). 121 (19): 725 - 732
Notes:IOTF Cut off. Reference: Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 1995-1996

Survey type:Measured
Age:13-14
Area covered:National
References:Personal communication from LA Moreno
Notes:Large National Survey but sample size not specified Cut off. Reference: Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 1985-1986

Survey type:Measured
Age:13-14
Area covered:National
References:Personal communication from LA Moreno
Notes:Large National Survey but sample size not specified IOTF Cut off. Reference: Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age and education

Adults, 2019

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat 2019. Available at https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 09.08.21).
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2019

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat 2019. Available at https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 09.08.21).
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2019

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat 2019. Available at https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 09.08.21).
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by education

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:Total sample size in EU = 35100 (Age 18+)
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 9 November 2016)
Notes:Less than primary, primary and lower secondary education (levels 0-2) Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education (levels 3 and 4) Tertiary education (levels 5-8) Translated graphics for obesity by educational level are also available for 2011-12 & 1990-94 (on request).
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:Total sample size in EU = 35100 (Age 18+)
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 9 November 2016)
Notes:Less than primary, primary and lower secondary education (levels 0-2) Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education (levels 3 and 4) Tertiary education (levels 5-8) Translated graphics for obesity by educational level are also available for 2011-12 & 1990-94 (on request).
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2011-2012

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:25-64
Sample size:34784
Area covered:National
References:National Health Survey Spain. Ministry of Health. Social Services and Equality and INE. http://www.ine.es (last accessed 20.5.15)
Notes:Education definitions: 1. Cannot read or write, or incomplete primary education 2. Complete primary education 3. Secondary education, 1st stage 4. Secondary education, 2nd stage 5. Advanced professional training or the equivalent 6. University education
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2011-2012

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:25-64
Sample size:34784
Area covered:National
References:National Health Survey Spain. Ministry of Health. Social Services and Equality and INE. http://www.ine.es (last accessed 20.5.15)
Notes:Education definitions: 1. Cannot read or write, or incomplete primary education 2. Complete primary education 3. Secondary education, 1st stage 4. Secondary education, 2nd stage 5. Advanced professional training or the equivalent 6. University education
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2008

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/health/health-status-determinants/data/database# (last accessed 17th July 2015)
Notes:Definitions are: levels 0-2 = pre-primary, primary and lower secondary education levels 3-4 = upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education levels 5-6 = first and second stage of tertiary education
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2008

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/health/health-status-determinants/data/database# (last accessed 17th July 2015)
Notes:Definitions are: levels 0-2 = pre-primary, primary and lower secondary education levels 3-4 = upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education levels 5-6 = first and second stage of tertiary education
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 1990-1994

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-60
Sample size:5388
Area covered:Four Spanish regions (Catalunya, Basque Country, Madrid and Valencia)
References:Aranceta J, Perez Rodrigo C, Serra Majem L et al. Influence of sociodemographic factors in the prevalence of obesity in Spain. The SEEDO '97 Study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2001); 55: 430-435. http://www.nature.com/ejcn/journal/v55/n6/pdf/1601189a.pdf (last accessed 29.4.15)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 1990-1994

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-60
Sample size:5388
Area covered:Four Spanish regions (Catalunya, Basque Country, Madrid and Valencia)
References:Aranceta J, Perez Rodrigo C, Serra Majem L et al. Influence of sociodemographic factors in the prevalence of obesity in Spain. The SEEDO '97 Study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2001); 55: 430-435. http://www.nature.com/ejcn/journal/v55/n6/pdf/1601189a.pdf (last accessed 29.4.15)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2019-2020

Survey type:Measured
Age:8-16
Sample size:3724
Area covered:National
References:Gómez SF, Homs C, Wärnberg J, et alStudy protocol of a population-based cohort investigating PhysCIal Activity, Sedentarism, lifestyles and Obesity in Spanish youth: the PASOS studyBMJ Open 2020;10:e036210. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036210. Available at: https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/10/9/e036210. Further data provided by personal communication by Dr. SANTI F. GÓMEZ of the GASOL Foundation.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2012

Survey type:Measured
Age:8-17
Sample size:978
Area covered:National
References:Sánchez-Cruz J-J, et al. Prevalencia de obesidad infantil y juvenil en España en 2012. Rev Esp Cardiol. 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.recesp.2012.10.016 (last accessed 20.5.15)
Notes:Prevalence of overweight and obesity of children based on educational level of person responsible for diet.
Cutoffs:Other

Children, 2010

Survey type:Measured
Age:10-12
Sample size:1008
Area covered:National
References:Brug J, van Stralen MM, te Velde SJ et al. Differences in Weight Status and Energy-Balance Related Behaviors among Schoolchildren across Europe: The ENERGY-Project. PLoS ONE 2012;7 (4) e34742
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age

Adults, 2019

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat 2019. Available at https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 09.08.21).
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2008-2010

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:12036
Area covered:National
References:Gutiérrez-Fisac, J. L., Guallar-Castillón, P., León-Muñoz, L. M., Graciani, A., Banegas, J. R. and Rodríguez-Artalejo, F. (2012). Prevalence of general and abdominal obesity in the adult population of Spain, 2008–2010: the ENRICA study. Obesity Reviews; 13: 388–392. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2011.00964.x
Notes:Data on waist circumference and prevalence of abdominal obesity also available.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2019-2020

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:3724
Area covered:National
References:Gómez SF, Homs C, Wärnberg J, et alStudy protocol of a population-based cohort investigating PhysCIal Activity, Sedentarism, lifestyles and Obesity in Spanish youth: the PASOS studyBMJ Open 2020;10:e036210. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036210. Available at: https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/10/9/e036210. Further data provided by personal communication by Dr. SANTI F. GÓMEZ of the GASOL Foundation.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2019

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:16665
Area covered:National
References:Ministerio de Consumo, Agency Espanola de seguirdad alimentaria y nutrction (2020) ALADINO 2019 Informe Breve. ESTUDIO SOBRE LA ALIMENTACIÓN, ACTIVIDAD FÍSICA, DESARROLLO INFANTIL Y OBESIDAD EN ESPAÑA 2019
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2015-2016

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:10,899
Area covered:National
References:Available from: http://www.aecosan.msssi.gob.es/AECOSAN/docs/documentos/nutricion/observatorio/Estudio_ALADINO_2015.pdf (accesed 9th April 2019) [Article in Spanish].
Notes:IOTF cut-offs used. Translated graphics for data by age category are also available from 2011-12 and 2010-11 (on request).
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2012

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:978
Area covered:National
References:Sánchez-Cruz J-J, et al. Prevalencia de obesidad infantil y juvenil en España en 2012. Rev Esp Cardiol. 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.recesp.2012.10.16 (last accessed 20.5.15)
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2012-2013

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:7yrs 1820 8yrs 1606 Both genders
Area covered:National
References:WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION. (2018). WHO European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative: overweight and obesity among 6–9-year-old children. Available: http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0010/378865/COSI-3.pdf?ua=1. Last accessed [Accessed 28th Aug 2018].
Notes:WHO cut-offs used.
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2011-2012

Survey type:Self-reported
Sample size:6051
Area covered:National
References:National Health Survey: http://www.ine.es/jaxi/tabla.do (last accessed 20.5.15)
Notes:Self Report
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2010-2011

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:7659
Area covered:National
References:Pérez-Farinós N, López-Sobaler AM, Dal Re MÁ, Villar C, Labrado E, Robledo T, Ortega RM. The ALADINO study: a national study of prevalence of overweight and obesity in Spanish children in 2011. Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:163687. doi: 10.1155/2013/163687. Epub 2013 Sep 8
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by region

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:23089
Area covered:National
References:ENES 2017 available at https://www.mscbs.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/encuestaNacional/encuesta2017.htm (last accessed 03.03.21)
Notes:Sample size for 15+ years only 18+ included
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 1990-1994

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-60
Sample size:5388
Area covered:Four Spanish regions: Catalunya, Basque Country, Madrid and Valenci
References:Aranceta J, Perez Rodrigo C, Serra Majem L et al. Influence of sociodemographic factors in the prevalence of obesity in Spain. The SEEDO '97 Study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2001); 55: 430-435
Notes:Obesity defined as BMI => 30 kg/m2
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 1990-1994

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-60
Sample size:5388
Area covered:Four Spanish regions: Catalunya, Basque Country, Madrid and Valenci
References:Aranceta J, Perez Rodrigo C, Serra Majem L et al. Influence of sociodemographic factors in the prevalence of obesity in Spain. The SEEDO '97 Study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2001); 55: 430-435
Notes:Obesity defined as BMI => 30 kg/m2
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 1990-1994

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-60
Sample size:5388
Area covered:Four Spanish regions: Catalunya, Basque Country, Madrid and Valenci
References:Aranceta J, Perez Rodrigo C, Serra Majem L et al. Influence of sociodemographic factors in the prevalence of obesity in Spain. The SEEDO '97 Study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2001); 55: 430-435
Notes:Data is age-adjusted prevalence. Obesity defined as BMI => 30 kg/m2 Note that odds ratio for obesity by socio-demographic factors also available.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 1990-1994

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-60
Sample size:5388
Area covered:Four Spanish regions: Catalunya, Basque Country, Madrid and Valenci
References:Aranceta J, Perez Rodrigo C, Serra Majem L et al. Influence of sociodemographic factors in the prevalence of obesity in Spain. The SEEDO '97 Study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2001); 55: 430-435
Notes:Data is age-adjusted prevalence. Obesity defined as BMI => 30 kg/m2 Note that odds ratio for obesity by socio-demographic factors also available.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:2-17
Sample size:6106
Area covered:National
References:Informe Anual del Sistema Nacional de Salud 2019, Available at: https://www.mscbs.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/sisInfSanSNS/tablasEstadisticas/InfAnualSNS2019/Informe_SNS_2019.pdf. Data from Spanish National Health Survey 2017. Available at: https://www.mscbs.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/encuestaNacional/encuestaNac2017/ENSE17_Metodologia.pdf. Both last accessed: 06.05.21.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age and region

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1u&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1u&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by age and socio-economic group

Adults, 2019

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat 2019. Available at https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 09.08.21).
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2019

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat 2019. Available at https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 09.08.21).
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2019

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat 2019. Available at https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 09.08.21).
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by socio-economic group

Men, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:23,089
Area covered:National
References:Spanish National Health Survey 2017 (Encuesta Nacional de Salud 2017). Available at: https://www.mscbs.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/encuestaNacional/encuesta2017.htm. Last accessed: 11.05.21.
Definitions:Social class based on the occupation of the reference person.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:23,089
Area covered:National
References:Spanish National Health Survey 2017 (Encuesta Nacional de Salud 2017). Available at: https://www.mscbs.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/encuestaNacional/encuesta2017.htm. Last accessed: 11.05.21.
Definitions:Social class based on the occupation of the reference person.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:Total sample number in EU: 35100 (Age 18+)
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database: http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 9 November 2016)
Notes:1st Quintile (lowest income), 5th Quintile (highest income) Please note where data = zero, there were insufficient data.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:Total sample number in EU: 35100 (Age 18+)
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database: http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 9 November 2016)
Notes:1st Quintile (lowest income), 5th Quintile (highest income) Please note where data = zero, there were insufficient data.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2011-2012

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:34784
Area covered:National
References:National Health Survey: http://www.ine.es/jaxi/tabla.do (last accessed 20.5.15)
Notes:Definitions: I. Directors and managers of establishments with 10 or more wage earners and professionals traditionally associated with university degrees II. Directors and managers of establishments with 10 or more wage earners, professionals traditionally associated with university degrees and other technical support professionals III. Intermediate occupations and self-employed workers IV. Supervisors and workers in skilled technical occupations V. Skilled primary sector workers and other semi-skilled workers VI. Non-skilled workers
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2011-2012

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:34784
Area covered:National
References:National Health Survey: http://www.ine.es/jaxi/tabla.do (last accessed 20.5.15)
Notes:Definitions: I. Directors and managers of establishments with 10 or more wage earners and professionals traditionally associated with university degrees II. Directors and managers of establishments with 10 or more wage earners, professionals traditionally associated with university degrees and other technical support professionals III. Intermediate occupations and self-employed workers IV. Supervisors and workers in skilled technical occupations V. Skilled primary sector workers and other semi-skilled workers VI. Non-skilled workers
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2008

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/health/health-status-determinants/data/database# (last accessed 17th July 2015)
Notes:SES assessed by annual income.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2008

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/health/health-status-determinants/data/database# (last accessed 17th July 2015)
Notes:SES assessed by annual income.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 1990-1994

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-60
Sample size:5388
Area covered:Four Spanish regions (Catalunya, Basque Country, Madrid and Valencia)
References:Aranceta J, Perez Rodrigo C, Serra Majem L et al. Influence of sociodemographic factors in the prevalence of obesity in Spain. The SEEDO '97 Study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2001); 55: 430-435
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 1990-1994

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-60
Sample size:5388
Area covered:Four Spanish regions (Catalunya, Basque Country, Madrid and Valencia)
References:Aranceta J, Perez Rodrigo C, Serra Majem L et al. Influence of sociodemographic factors in the prevalence of obesity in Spain. The SEEDO '97 Study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2001); 55: 430-435
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2019-2020

Survey type:Measured
Age:8-16
Sample size:3724
Area covered:National
References:Gómez SF, Homs C, Wärnberg J, et alStudy protocol of a population-based cohort investigating PhysCIal Activity, Sedentarism, lifestyles and Obesity in Spanish youth: the PASOS studyBMJ Open 2020;10:e036210. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036210. Available at: https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/10/9/e036210. Further data provided by personal communication by Dr. SANTI F. GÓMEZ of the GASOL Foundation.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2019

Survey type:Measured
Age:6-9
Sample size:16665
Area covered:National
References:Ministerio de Consumo, Agency Espanola de seguirdad alimentaria y nutrction (2020) ALADINO 2019 Informe Breve. ESTUDIO SOBRE LA ALIMENTACIÓN, ACTIVIDAD FÍSICA, DESARROLLO INFANTIL Y OBESIDAD EN ESPAÑA 2019
Definitions:Parental annual incomec
Cutoffs:WHO

Boys, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:2-17
Sample size:6106
Area covered:National
References:ENES 2017 available at https://www.mscbs.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/encuestaNacional/encuesta2017.htm (last accessed 03.03.21)
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:2-17
Sample size:6106
Area covered:National
References:ENES 2017 available at https://www.mscbs.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/encuestaNacional/encuesta2017.htm (last accessed 03.03.21)
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2012

Survey type:Measured
Age:8-17
Sample size:978
Area covered:National
References:Sánchez-Cruz J-J, et al. Prevalencia de obesidad infantil y juvenil en España en 2012. Rev Esp Cardiol. 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.recesp.2012.10.016 (last accessed 20.5.15)
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2007-2008

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-9
Sample size:1824
Area covered:National
References:Ahrens W, Pigeot I, Pohlabeln H et al. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in European children below the age of 10. IJO 2014;38:S99-S107
Notes:Lowest income groups sample size too small so excluded
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by ethnicity

Ethnic groups are as defined by publication of origin and are not as defined by WOF. In some instances ethnicity is conflated with nationality and/or race.

Men, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:23,089
Area covered:National
References:Spanish National Health Survey 2017 (Encuesta Nacional de Salud 2017). Available at: https://www.mscbs.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/encuestaNacional/encuesta2017.htm. Last accessed: 11.05.21.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:23,089
Area covered:National
References:Spanish National Health Survey 2017 (Encuesta Nacional de Salud 2017). Available at: https://www.mscbs.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/encuestaNacional/encuesta2017.htm. Last accessed: 11.05.21.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Boys, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:2-17
Sample size:6106
Area covered:National
References:Spanish National Health Survey 2017 (Encuesta Nacional de Salud 2017). Available at: https://www.mscbs.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/encuestaNacional/encuesta2017.htm. Last accessed: 11.05.21.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:2-17
Sample size:6106
Area covered:National
References:Spanish National Health Survey 2017 (Encuesta Nacional de Salud 2017). Available at: https://www.mscbs.gob.es/estadEstudios/estadisticas/encuestaNacional/encuesta2017.htm. Last accessed: 11.05.21.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age and limited activity

Adults, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat 2014 available at https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/submitViewTableAction.do (last accessed 06.10.21)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat 2014 available at https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/submitViewTableAction.do (last accessed 06.10.21)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat 2014 available at https://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/submitViewTableAction.do (last accessed 06.10.21)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Insufficient physical activity

Adults, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Men, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Women, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Children, 2016

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, https://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893ADO?lang=en (last accessed 16.03.21)
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Boys, 2016

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, https://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893ADO?lang=en (last accessed 16.03.21)
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Girls, 2016

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, https://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893ADO?lang=en (last accessed 16.03.21)
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Children, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Boys, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Girls, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Sugar consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Sugar consumption (Number of 500g sugar portions/person/month)

Estimated per capita sugar sweetened beverages intake

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International

Prevalence of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
References:World Health Organization. (2017). Adolescent obesity and related behaviours: Trends and inequalities in the who european region, 2002-2014: observations from the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) WHO collaborative cross-national study (J. Inchley, D. Currie, J. Jewel, J. Breda, & V. Barnekow, Eds.). World Health Organization. Sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org
Notes:15-year-old adolescents
Definitions:Prevalence of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption (% of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption)

Prevalence of confectionery consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Prevalence of confectionery consumption (Number of 50g confectionery portions/person/month)

Prevalence of sweet/savoury snack consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Prevalence of sweet/savoury snack consumption (Number of 35g sweet/savoury snack portions/person/month)

Estimated per capita fruit intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita fruit intake (g/day)

Prevalence of less than daily fruit consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
References:Global School-based Student Health Surveys. Beal et al (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287. Sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system
Definitions:Prevalence of less-than-daily fruit consumption (% less-than-daily fruit consumption)

Prevalence of less than daily vegetable consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:12-17
References:Beal et al. (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287 sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system
Definitions:Prevalence of less-than-daily vegetable consumption (% less-than-daily vegetable consumption)

Estimated per-capita processed meat intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita processed meat intake (g per day)

Estimated per capita whole grains intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita whole grains intake (g/day)

Mental health - depression disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with depression disorders

Mental health - anxiety disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with anxiety disorders

Oesophageal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Breast cancer

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, breast, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Colorectal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Pancreatic cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Gallbladder cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Kidney cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Cancer of the uterus

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, cervix uteri, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Raised blood pressure

Adults, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Men, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Women, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).