• Overview
  • Obesity prevalence
  • Trends over time
  • Population breakdowns
  • Policies
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Obesity prevalence

Adults, 2020

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:16+
Sample size:1920
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey – telephone survey – August/September 2020: main report. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-health-survey-telephone-survey-august-september-2020-main-report/. Last accessed: 11.05.21.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2019

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:3889
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2019. https://www.gov.scot/collections/scottish-health-survey/ (last accessed 30.09.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2018

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:3726
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Government. (2018). Scottish Health Survey 2018. Available: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-health-survey-2018-volume-1-main-report/ (Last accessed 24.09.19)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:3697
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Government. (2017). Scottish Health Survey 2017. Available: https://www.gov.scot/Resource/0054/00540654.pdf. Last accessed 3rd Oct 2018.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2016

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:4323
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2016 (http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2017/10/2970/downloads last accessed 3rd October 2017) Link to Key stats report - http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0052/00525366.pdf Link to Main Report - http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0052/00525472.pdf
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:4118
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2015 (https://view.officeapps.live.com/op/view.aspx?src=http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0050/00505713.xls last accessed 8th Jan 2017)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:4099
Area covered:4099
References:Health Survey for Scotland http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2014/12/9982/downloads (last accessed 9th December 2013)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2012

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:4097
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0043/00434590.pdf
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2010

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:4922
Area covered:Representative of Scotland
References:Scottish Health Survey 2010 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2011/09/27084018/0
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2008

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:4115
Area covered:National
References:Bromley C, Bradshaw P and Given L. (2009). 2008 Scottish Health Survey, Volume 1. The Scottish Government, Edinburgh.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2003

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:6675
References:http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2005/11/25145024/50251
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 1998

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:7455
References:Scottish Health Survey 1998
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2019

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-15
Sample size:1345
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2019. https://www.gov.scot/collections/scottish-health-survey/. Last accessed: 13.05.21.
Cutoffs:UK90

Children, 2018

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-15
Sample size:1292
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Government. (2018). Scottish Health Survey 2018. Available: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-health-survey-2018-volume-1-main-report/ (Last accessed 24.09.19)
Notes:Not IOTF Cut off. 85th & 95th Percentiles
Cutoffs:Other

Children, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-15
Sample size:1603
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Government. (2017). Scottish Health Survey 2017. Available: https://www.gov.scot/Resource/0054/00540654.pdf. Last accessed 3rd Oct 2018.
Cutoffs:Other

Children, 2016

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-15
Sample size:1075
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2016, Statistics available online at http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Health/scottish-health-survey/Publications/Supplementary2015/Supplementary2016 (last accessed 2nd November 2017)
Notes:85th/95th Centile
Cutoffs:Other

Children, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-15
Sample size:952
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2015. (http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Health/scottish-health-survey/Publications/Supplementary2015)
Notes:Smaller sample size <1000 (952) Percentile cut off 85-95th Overweight =>95th Obese =>98th Morbidly obese
Cutoffs:Other

Children, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:11
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2013, Data analysed by Danielle Sharfman (University of Wisconsin-Madison), Rachel Jackson Leach on behalf of the World Obesity Federation
Notes:IOTF International Cut off points used. Using WHO cut off 32.9% boys either overweight or obese, 30% girls overweight or obese
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2012

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-15
Sample size:1274
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2012 http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/0043/00434590.pdf
Notes:85th Centile
Cutoffs:Other

Children, 2010

Survey type:Measured
Age:14-16
Sample size:1232 (whole sample 2-16yrs)
Area covered:National (Scotland)
References:Health Survey for Scotland (data re-analysed by IASO)
Notes:IOTF Child Cut Off points
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 1994

Survey type:Measured
Age:4-11
Sample size:30744 = Total number included from Scotland and England for the duration of the study
References:Chinn S, Rona RJ. Prevalence and trends inoverweight and obesity in three cross sectional studies of British children, 1974-94. BMJ (2001);322:24-26
Notes:IOTF Cut off. Reference: Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 1984

Survey type:Measured
Age:4-11
Sample size:30744 = Total number included from Scotland and England for the duration of the study
References:Chinn S, Rona RJ. Prevalence and trends inoverweight and obesity in three cross sectional studies of British children, 1974-94. BMJ (2001);322:24-26
Notes:IOTF Cut off. Reference: Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 1974

Survey type:Measured
Age:4-11
Sample size:30755 = Total number included from Scotland and England for the duration of the study
References:Chinn S, Rona RJ. Prevalence and trends inoverweight and obesity in three cross sectional studies of British children, 1974-94. BMJ (2001);322:24-26
Notes:IOTF Cut off. Reference: Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by education

Children, 2014-2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:10
Sample size:2750
Area covered:National
References:Growing up in Scotland: overweight and obesity at age 10 (2018). Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/growing-up-scotland-overweight-obesity-age-10/. Last accessed: 14.04.21.
Notes:At or above 85th percentile and below 95th percentile: overweight At or above 95th percentile: obesity

Overweight/obesity by age

Adults, 2020

Survey type:Self-reported
Sample size:1920
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey – telephone survey – August/September 2020: main report. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-health-survey-telephone-survey-august-september-2020-main-report/. Last accessed: 11.05.21.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2019

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:3889
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2019. Available at https://www.gov.scot/collections/scottish-health-survey/ (last accessed 30.09.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:3697
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Government. (2017). Scottish Health Survey 2017. Available: https://www.gov.scot/Resource/0054/00540654.pdf. Last accessed 3rd Oct 2018.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2016

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:1561
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2016. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2017/10/2970/downloads
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:4118
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2015 (https://view.officeapps.live.com/op/view.aspx?src=http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0050/00505713.xls last accessed 8th Jan 2017)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:4107
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2013
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2019

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:1345
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2019. Scottish Health Survey 2019. https://www.gov.scot/collections/scottish-health-survey/. Last accessed: 13.05.21.
Cutoffs:UK90

Children, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:1603
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Government. (2017). Scottish Health Survey 2017. Available: https://www.gov.scot/Resource/0054/00540654.pdf. Last accessed 3rd Oct 2018.
Cutoffs:Other

Children, 2016

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:1075
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2016 http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Health/scottish-health-survey
Notes:=> 85th Centile Overweight or obese
Cutoffs:Other

Children, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:1347
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2013
Notes:NOT IOTF International Cut off Overweight 85-95th Centile Obese => 95th Centile
Cutoffs:Other

Overweight/obesity by region

Men, 2014-2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:8933
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey: local area results 2014-17 combined (2018). Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-health-survey-results-local-areas-2014-2015-2016-2017/. Last accessed: 14.04.21.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014-2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:8933
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey: local area results 2014-17 combined (2018). Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-health-survey-results-local-areas-2014-2015-2016-2017/. Last accessed: 14.04.21.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2018-2019

Survey type:Measured
Age:4-5
Sample size:44789
Area covered:National
References:NHS Scotland. Body Mass Index of Primary 1 Children in Scotland School Year 2018/19, (2019). Available at: https://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Child-Health/Publications/2019-12-10/2019-12-10-P1-BMI-Statistics-Publication-Report.pdf?. (Data extracted from supplementary table). Last accessed: 15.04.21.
Definitions:At risk of overweight (BMI>=85th and <95th centile) At risk of obesity (BMI>=95th)

Boys, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-17
Sample size:1018
Area covered:National (but small sample)
References:Scottish Health Survey 2015, Renanalysis by R Jackson Leach of the World Obesity Federation
Notes:IOTF International cut off NB SMALL SAMPLE SIZES & COMBINED REGIONS
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-17
Sample size:1018
Area covered:National (but small sample)
References:Scottish Health Survey 2015, Renanalysis by R Jackson Leach of the World Obesity Federation
Notes:IOTF International cut off NB SMALL SAMPLE SIZES & COMBINED REGIONS
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by socio-economic group

Men, 2019

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:3939
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2019. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-health-survey-2019-volume-1-main-report/. Data from Scottish Health Survey 2019 supplementary tables. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-health-survey-2019-supplementary-tables/. Last accessed 14.04.21.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2019

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:3939
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2019. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-health-survey-2019-volume-1-main-report/. Data from Scottish Health Survey 2019 supplementary tables. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-health-survey-2019-supplementary-tables/. Last accessed 14.04.21.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:3697
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Government. (2017). Scottish Health Survey 2017. Available: https://www.gov.scot/Resource/0054/00540654.pdf. Last accessed 3rd Oct 2018.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:3697
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Government. (2017). Scottish Health Survey 2017. Available: https://www.gov.scot/Resource/0054/00540654.pdf. Last accessed 3rd Oct 2018.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2016

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:3583
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2016. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2017/10/2970/downloads
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2016

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:3583
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2016. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2017/10/2970/downloads
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:4118
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2015 (https://view.officeapps.live.com/op/view.aspx?src=http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0050/00505713.xls last accessed 8th Jan 2017)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:4118
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2015 (https://view.officeapps.live.com/op/view.aspx?src=http://www.gov.scot/Resource/0050/00505713.xls last accessed 8th Jan 2017)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:4107
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2013. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2014/12/9982/0 (last accessed 24 Sept 2015)
Notes:Occupation
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:4107
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2013. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2014/12/9982/0 (last accessed 24 Sept 2015)
Notes:Occupation
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:4107
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2013. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2014/12/9982/0 (last accessed 24 Sept 2015)
Notes:Income
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:4107
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2013. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2014/12/9982/0 (last accessed 24 Sept 2015)
Notes:Income
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:4107
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2013. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2014/12/9982/0 (last accessed 24 Sept 2015)
Notes:Deprivation
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:4107
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2013. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2014/12/9982/0 (last accessed 24 Sept 2015)
Notes:Deprivation
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Boys, 2019

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-15
Sample size:1345
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2019. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-health-survey-2019-volume-1-main-report/. Data from Scottish Health Survey 2019 supplementary tables. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-health-survey-2019-supplementary-tables/. Last accessed 14.04.21.
Notes:SIMD (Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation) Quintiles 5 Least Deprived - 1 Most Deprived
Cutoffs:UK90

Girls, 2019

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-15
Sample size:1345
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2019. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-health-survey-2019-volume-1-main-report/. Data from Scottish Health Survey 2019 supplementary tables. Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-health-survey-2019-supplementary-tables/. Last accessed 14.04.21.
Notes:SIMD (Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation) Quintiles 5 Least Deprived - 1 Most Deprived
Cutoffs:UK90

Boys, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-15
Sample size:1603
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Government. (2017). Scottish Health Survey 2017. Available: https://www.gov.scot/Resource/0054/00540654.pdf. Last accessed 3rd Oct 2018.
Cutoffs:Other

Girls, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-15
Sample size:1603
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Government. (2017). Scottish Health Survey 2017. Available: https://www.gov.scot/Resource/0054/00540654.pdf. Last accessed 3rd Oct 2018.
Cutoffs:Other

Boys, 2016

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-15
Sample size:1075
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2016 http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Health/scottish-health-survey
Notes:SIMD (Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation) Quintiles 5 Least Deprived - 1 Most Deprived Not IOTF Cut off => 85th Centile overweight or obese
Cutoffs:Other

Girls, 2016

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-15
Sample size:1075
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2016 http://www.gov.scot/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Health/scottish-health-survey
Notes:SIMD (Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation) Quintiles 5 Least Deprived - 1 Most Deprived Not IOTF Cut off => 85th Centile overweight or obese
Cutoffs:Other

Boys, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-15
Sample size:1308
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2013. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2014/12/9982/0 (last accessed 24 Sept 2015)
Notes:Deprivation Overweight (>= 85th %ile to < 95th %ile) Obese (>= 95th %ile)
Cutoffs:Other

Girls, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-15
Sample size:1308
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2013. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2014/12/9982/0 (last accessed 24 Sept 2015)
Notes:Deprivation Overweight (>= 85th %ile to < 95th %ile) Obese (>= 95th %ile)
Cutoffs:Other

Boys, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-15
Sample size:1308
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2013. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2014/12/9982/0 (last accessed 24 Sept 2015)
Notes:Overweight (>= 85th to < 95th Percentile) Obese (>= 95th Perentiile)
Cutoffs:Other

Girls, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-15
Sample size:1308
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2013. http://www.gov.scot/Publications/2014/12/9982/0 (last accessed 24 Sept 2015)
Notes:Overweight (>= 85th to < 95th Percentile) Obese (>= 95th Perentiile)
Cutoffs:Other

Boys, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-15
Sample size:1308
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2013
Notes:Income Overweight (>= 85th to < 95th Percentile) Obese (>= 95th Percentile)
Cutoffs:Other

Girls, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-15
Sample size:1308
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey 2013
Notes:Income Overweight (>= 85th to < 95th Percentile) Obese (>= 95th Percentile)
Cutoffs:Other

Overweight/obesity by ethnicity

Ethnic groups are as defined by publication of origin and are not as defined by WOF. In some instances ethnicity is conflated with nationality and/or race.

Adults, 2008-2011

Survey type:Measured
Age:16+
Sample size:23994
Area covered:National
References:Scottish Health Survey - topic report: equality groups (2012). Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/scottish-health-survey-topic-report-equality-groups/pages/34/. Last Accessed: 14.04.21.
Notes:Ethnic groups as defined by the survey of origin.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2010-2011

Survey type:Measured
Age:5-6
Sample size:2931
Area covered:National
References:Growing up in Scotland: overweight obesity and activity (2012). Available at: https://www.gov.scot/publications/growing-up-scotland-report-overweight-obesity-activity/pages/8/. Last accessed: 26.04.21.
Notes:Ethnic groups as defined by survey of origin.
Cutoffs:UK90

Policies, Interventions and Actions

Advertising and Sponsorship Policy (UK-wide policy)

The Advertising and Sponsorship Policy approved by Bristol City Council restricts the marketing of food and drinks high in fat, sugar and/or salt. The policy covers all advertising generated by the Council itself and advertising and sponsorship by third parties on Bristol City Council-owned sites.

Categories:Evidence of Marketing Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2021 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Bristol City Council
Linked document:Download linked document
References:https://news.bristol.gov.uk/news/new-rules-to-reduce-unhealthy-food-ads-in-bristol#:~:text=Under%20the%20policy%2C%20ads%20that,sites%20such%20as%20bus%20shelters.

Trans-fat policy (UK-wide policy)

The content of trans fat, other than trans fat naturally occurring in fat of animal origin, in food intended for the final consumer and food intended for supply to retail, shall not exceed 2 grams per 100 grams of fat.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2021 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:The content of trans fat, other than trans fat naturally occurring in fat of animal origin, in food intended for the final consumer and food intended for supply to retail, shall not exceed 2 grams per 100 grams of fat.
Find out more:extranet.who.int
References:Countdown to 2023: WHO report on global trans-fat elimination 2020. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2020. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO

Trans-fat policy

The content of trans fat, other than trans fat naturally occurring in fat of animal origin, in food intended for the final consumer and food intended for supply to retail, shall not exceed 2 grams per 100 grams of fat.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2021 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:The content of trans fat, other than trans fat naturally occurring in fat of animal origin, in food intended for the final consumer and food intended for supply to retail, shall not exceed 2 grams per 100 grams of fat.
Find out more:extranet.who.int
References:Countdown to 2023: WHO report on global trans-fat elimination 2020. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2020. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO

Calorie reduction: guidelines for the food industry (UK-wide policy)

This report sets out the calorie reduction ambitions for all food industry sectors, including: the approach to calorie reduction and reformulation, the different ambitions set across food industry sectors recognising that more action is required in the eating out, takeaway and delivery sectors, food products included in the categories and baseline figures for the different food sectors

Categories:Industry/Government regulations - voluntary /pledges
Year(s):2020 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Public Health England
Find out more:www.gov.uk
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Calorie reduction: guidelines for the food industry. A technical report outlining guidelines for industry, 2017 baseline calorie levels and next steps. Public Health England. Available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/calorie-reduction-guidelines-for-the-food-industry (last accessed 11.09.20)

Policy paper, Tackling obesity: empowering adults and children to live healthier lives (UK-wide policy)

Categories:Evidence of National Obesity Strategy/Policy or Action plan
Year(s):2020 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Department of Health and Social Care
Find out more:www.gov.uk
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Policy paper, Tackling obesity: empowering adults and children to live healthier lives, Published 27 July 2020.

A Healthier future: Scotland's diet and healthy weight delivery plan

Aims to half childhood obesity by 2030 and significantly reduce health inequalities. This will be acheived by ensuring: children have the best start in life - they eat well and have a healthy weight, the food environment supports healthier choices, people have access to effective weight management services, leaders across all sectors promote healthy weight and diet and that diet-related health inequalities are reduced.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2018 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:The Scottish Government
Find out more:www.gov.scot
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Scottish Government. (2018). A healthier future: Scotland's diet and healthy weight delivery plan. Available from: https://www.gov.scot/publications/healthier-future-scotlands-diet-healthy-weight-delivery-plan/pages/2/. [Accessed 2 May 2019].

Soft drinks industry levy

The Soft Drinks Industry Levy is a mandatory tax on the amount of sugar present in soft drinks in the UK. It is a two-tiered tax, affecting both manufacturers and importers of soft drinks. This levy was introduced by the UK Government in March 2016 and was enforced in April 2018 as a method of reducing the levels of sugar being consumed through soft drinks.

Categories:Taxation/Subsidies on Food or Beverages or law relating to public health
Year(s):2018 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:UK Government
Find out more:www.gov.uk
References:https://www.gov.uk/topic/business-tax/soft-drinks-industry-levy

Healthy Active Schools System (HASS) (UK-wide policy)

This is a free tool devised and delivered by a UK children’s activity provider 'Fit For Sport.' It is an online activity measurement tool which allows schools to track, monitor and evaluate children’s activity levels in schools.

Categories:Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2017 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Fit For Sport
Find out more:www.healthyactiveschools.co.uk

School Fruit, Vegetables and Milk Scheme (UK-wide policy)

"Applicable since 1 August 2017, the EU school fruit, vegetables and milk scheme combines two previous schemes (the school fruit and vegetables scheme and the school milk scheme) under a single legal framework for more efficiency and an enhanced focus on health and educational. The scheme supports the distribution of products, educational measures and information measures. The scheme supports the distribution of fruit, vegetables, milk and certain milk products to schoolchildren, from nursery to secondary school. EU countries approve a list of products (in collaboration with their health and nutrition authorities) which will help achieve the schemes objective of helping children to follow a healthy diet. Priority is for fresh fruit and vegetables and for plain milk. In order to support a varied diet and/or specific nutritional needs, EU countries may also make processed fruit and vegetables such as juices and soups and certain milk products such as yoghurt and cheese, available. Additionally, under stricter conditions, milk-based drinks may be included." - EU Commission

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2017 (ongoing)
Organisation:European Commission
Find out more:ec.europa.eu
References:https://ec.europa.eu/info/food-farming-fisheries/key-policies/common-agricultural-policy/market-measures/school-fruit-vegetables-and-milk-scheme/school-scheme-explained_en

School Fruit, Vegetables and Milk Scheme

"Applicable since 1 August 2017, the EU school fruit, vegetables and milk scheme combines two previous schemes (the school fruit and vegetables scheme and the school milk scheme) under a single legal framework for more efficiency and an enhanced focus on health and educational. The scheme supports the distribution of products, educational measures and information measures. The scheme supports the distribution of fruit, vegetables, milk and certain milk products to schoolchildren, from nursery to secondary school. EU countries approve a list of products (in collaboration with their health and nutrition authorities) which will help achieve the schemes objective of helping children to follow a healthy diet. Priority is for fresh fruit and vegetables and for plain milk. In order to support a varied diet and/or specific nutritional needs, EU countries may also make processed fruit and vegetables such as juices and soups and certain milk products such as yoghurt and cheese, available. Additionally, under stricter conditions, milk-based drinks may be included." - EU Commission

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2017 (ongoing)
Organisation:European Commission
Find out more:ec.europa.eu
References:https://ec.europa.eu/info/food-farming-fisheries/key-policies/common-agricultural-policy/market-measures/school-fruit-vegetables-and-milk-scheme/school-scheme-explained_en

EU nutrient content lists (UK-wide policy)

Passed in 2011, EU Regulation 1169/2011 on the Provision of Food Information to Consumers requires a list of the nutrient content of most pre-packaged food to be provided on the back of the pack from 13 December 2016.

Categories:Labelling Regulation/Guidelines
Year(s):2016 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:European Commission
Find out more:eur-lex.europa.eu

EU nutrient content lists

Passed in 2011, EU Regulation 1169/2011 on the Provision of Food Information to Consumers requires a list of the nutrient content of most pre-packaged food to be provided on the back of the pack from 13 December 2016.

Categories:Labelling Regulation/Guidelines
Year(s):2016 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:European Commission
Find out more:eur-lex.europa.eu

Guide to creating a front of pack (FoP) nutrition label for pre-packed products sold through retail outlets (UK-wide policy)

This guidance supports the development of front of pack (FoP) nutrition labels that are compliant with the UK Health Ministers. Recommendation on the use of colour coding as an additional form of expression and with EU Regulation No. 1169/2011 on the provision of food in formation to consumers (EU FIC). The provision of FoP information remains voluntary, but if provided it must meet the requirements set out in the EU FIC. UPDATED 2016

Categories:Labelling Regulation/Guidelines
Year(s):2016 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:The guidance was developed by the Department of Health, the Food Standards Agency, and devolved administrations in Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales in collaboration with the British Retail Consortium.
Find out more:www.gov.uk
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Guide to creating a front of pack (FoP) nutrition label for pre-packed products sold through retail outlets. Updated 2016. Available at https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/566251/FoP_Nutrition_labelling_UK_guidance.pdf (last accessed 30.10.20)

Guide to creating a front of pack (FoP) nutrition label for pre-packed products sold through retail outlets

This guidance supports the development of front of pack (FoP) nutrition labels that are compliant with the UK Health Ministers. Recommendation on the use of colour coding as an additional form of expression and with EU Regulation No. 1169/2011 on the provision of food in formation to consumers (EU FIC). The provision of FoP information remains voluntary, but if provided it must meet the requirements set out in the EU FIC. UPDATED 2016

Categories (partial):Labelling Regulation/Guidelines
Year(s):2016 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:The guidance was developed by the Department of Health, the Food Standards Agency, and devolved administrations in Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales in collaboration with the British Retail Consortium.
Find out more:www.gov.uk
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Guide to creating a front of pack (FoP) nutrition label for pre-packed products sold through retail outlets. Updated 2016. Available at https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/566251/FoP_Nutrition_labelling_UK_guidance.pdf (last accessed 30.10.20)

Soft Drinks Levy (UK-wide policy)

Soft Drinks Industry Levy which encourages producers to reduce added sugar_x000D__x000D_ content in drinks, market low sugar alternatives, and reduce portion sizes for_x000D__x000D_ high sugar drinks.

Categories:Taxation/Subsidies on Food or Beverages or law relating to public health
Year(s):2016 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:HM Revenue and Customs
Find out more:www.gov.uk
Linked document:Download linked document
References:HM Revenue and Customs. Soft drinks Industry Levy. Available from: https://www.gov.uk/topic/business-tax/soft-drinks-industry-levy [Last accessed 13 December 2018]._x000D__x000D_ _x000D__x000D_ http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2018/264/pdfs/uksi_20180264_en.pdf

The Child's Obesity Strategy (UK-wide policy)

This report calls for a ban on fast food takeaway deliveries to schools and the introduction of initiatives such as new classifications on unhealthy food and loyalty cards to tackle the childhood obesity epidemic in the UK.

Categories:Non-national obesity strategies
Year(s):2016 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Published by Royal Society for Public Health (RSPH), the Youth Health Movement and Slimming World.
Find out more:www.rsph.org.uk
Linked document:Download linked document

Walk to School Week (UK-wide policy)

Walk to School Week is a project run by the UK charity 'Living Streets.' It uses various campaigns and projects to overcome barriers to walking and encourage millions of people in the UK to walk.

Categories:Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2016 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Living Streets
Find out more:www.livingstreets.org.uk

Guidelines on Preventing excess weight gain (NICE) (UK-wide policy)

Guidelines on how to prevent becoming overweight/obese, including interventions and activities in which weight is not the primary outcome, such as those aimed at preventing cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes, improving mental wellbeing or increasing active travel.

Categories (partial):Evidence of National Obesity Strategy/Policy or Action plan
Year(s):2015 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:National Institute for health care and excellence (NICE)
Find out more:www.nice.org.uk
Linked document:Download linked document
References:National Institute for health care and excellence (2015). Preventing excess weight gain. Available from: https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng7/resources/preventing-excess-weight-gain-pdf-51045164485. [Accessed 14 December 2018].

Preventing excess weight gain (NICE Guidelines NG7) (UK-wide policy)

These guidelines makes recommendations on behaviours that may help people maintain a healthy weight or prevent excess weight gain.

Categories:Non-national obesity strategies
Year(s):2015 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE)
Find out more:www.nice.org.uk
Linked document:Download linked document

School Food Regulations 2014 (No. 1603) (UK-wide policy)

Applicable to school lunches and food provided to students on school premises, will come into force 1 January 2015. These replace the School Food Standards of 2007.

Categories:Taxation/Subsidies on Food or Beverages or law relating to public health
Year(s):2015 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Government
Find out more:www.legislation.gov.uk
Linked document:Download linked document

Sporting Future: A New Strategy for an Active Nation 2015 (UK-wide policy)

'This cross-government strategy will tackle head on the flatlining levels of sport participation and high levels of inactivity in this country. Through this strategy, government is redefining what success in sport means, with a new focus on five key outcomes: physical wellbeing, mental wellbeing, individual development, social and community development and economic development.'

Categories:Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2015 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Department of Culture, Media and Sport
Find out more:www.gov.uk
Linked document:Download linked document

The Food Standards Agency's Strategy for 2015-2020 (UK-wide policy)

'The FSA Strategy 2015 -20 reinvigorates our pledge to put consumers first in everything we do, so that food is safe and what it says it is, that we have access to an affordable healthy diet, and can make informed choices about what we eat, now and in the future.'

Categories (partial):Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2015-2020
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Food Standards Agency
Find out more:www.food.gov.uk
Linked document:Download linked document

Thrive Plymouth (UK-wide policy)

Thrive Plymouth is a ten year programme which aims to improve health and wellbeing in Plymouth and narrow the gap in health status between people in the city. Its objective is to generate collective action for social change around the main lifestyle choices that determine health and wellbeing in Plymouth. The programme will encourage and enable partners (residents, organisations, institutions) to support positive lifestyle choices in different settings. It encourages eating a healthy diet, leading active lifestyle, drinking sensibly and not smoking. Year one focus was the workplace, year two focus was schools and year three will be focused on the 'One You' campaign.

Categories:Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2015 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Plymouth City Council
Find out more:www.plymouth.gov.uk

Annual weigh-in (UK-wide policy)

Assessment of the Academy's 10 recommendations for obesity one year on.

Categories (partial):Health Effectiveness Reviews (obesity related)
Year(s):2014 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Academy of Royal Colleges
Find out more:www.aomrc.org.uk

European Union (EU) Action Plan on Childhood Obesity 2014-2020 (UK-wide policy)

EU Action plan. To contribute to halting the rise in overweight and obesity in children and young people (0-18 years) by 2020

Categories:Transnational Obesity Strategies/Policy or Action Plan
Year(s):2014-2020
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Find out more:ec.europa.eu
Linked document:Download linked document
References:EU Action Plan on Childhood Table of contents [Internet]. Available from: https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/nutrition_physical_activity/docs/childhoodobesity_actionplan_2014_2020_en.pdf &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;zwnj;

European Union (EU) Action Plan on Childhood Obesity 2014-2020

EU Action plan. To contribute to halting the rise in overweight and obesity in children and young people (0-18 years) by 2020

Categories:Transnational Obesity Strategies/Policy or Action Plan
Year(s):2014-2020
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Find out more:ec.europa.eu
Linked document:Download linked document
References:EU Action Plan on Childhood Table of contents [Internet]. Available from: https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/nutrition_physical_activity/docs/childhoodobesity_actionplan_2014_2020_en.pdf &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;zwnj;

GP Guidance: Management of nutrition following bariatric surgery (UK-wide policy)

This guideline assumes that the bariatric centre will provide the first two years of_x000D__x000D_ follow up for the patient before discharging back to the care of the General_x000D__x000D_ Practitioner.

Categories:Evidence of Management/treatment guidelines
Year(s):2014 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:British Obesity & Metabolic Surgery Society. GP Guidance: Management of nutrition following bariatric surgery August 2014
Find out more:www.bomss.org.uk
References:http://www.bomss.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/GP_Guidance-Final-version-1Oct141.pdf

MAN v FAT (UK-wide policy)

Man V Fat is a digital magazine and social media community designed to support and champion men who want to lose weight. It also runs bootcamps and football leagues for men with a BMI of 30+.

Categories:Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2014 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults
Organisation:Andrew Shanahan, a writer for The Guardian, The Times and Loaded.
Find out more:manvfat.com

National Clinical Guidelines: Obesity (UK-wide policy)

Clinical guidelines for the identification, assessment and management of overweight and obesity in children, young people and adults

Categories:Evidence of Management/treatment guidelines
Year(s):2014 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:National Institute for Health and Care Excellence
Find out more:www.nice.org.uk

Measuring Up: The medical profession's prescription for the nation's obesity crisis (UK-wide policy)

A report suggesting a number of policy measures to tackle obesity, a ban on junk food advertising before 9pm and recommendations on reducing the proximity of fast food outlets to schools.

Categories:Evidence of Marketing Guidelines/Policy
Categories (partial):Evidence of National Obesity Strategy/Policy or Action plan
Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Labelling Regulation/Guidelines
Year(s):2013 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:The Academy of Medical Royal Colleges
Find out more:www.aomrc.org.uk
Linked document:Download linked document

Out to Lunch (UK-wide policy)

This campaign works with restaurants and pub chains to improve the food and service offered to children and families when they eat out on the high street. With the help of a team of ‘secret diner’ parents, the campaign compiled an ‘Out to Lunch’ league table, ranking 21 of Britain’s top high street chains. Out to Lunch aims to improve healthy menu development and encourages good sourcing and preparation practices.

Categories:Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2013 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:The Soil Association
Find out more:www.soilassociation.org

Improving Maternal and Infant Nutrition: A Framework for Action

This action framework is aimed at a wide variety of organisations with a role in improving maternal and infant nutrition in Scotland.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2011 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:The Scottish Government
Find out more:www.gov.scot
Linked document:Download linked document

Multidisciplinary Tier 3 weight management service (UK-wide policy)

Evaluation of this multi-disciplinary approach using focus groups revealed that participants_x000D__x000D_ described high levels of satisfaction. A Tier 3 weight management service for obese patients with complex co-morbidity was successfully delivered in a primary care setting with a full multidisciplinary team. Health outcomes were good compared with existing services.

Categories:Evidence of Multidisciplinary Intervention
Year(s):2011 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults
Organisation:Jennings et al 2014
Find out more:www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Jennings et al 2014. Evaluation of a multidisciplinary Tier 3 weight management service for adults with morbid obesity, or obesity and comorbidities, based in primary care. Clinical Obesity. doi: 10.1111/cob.12066

Start Active, Stay Active (UK-wide policy)

A UK-wide document that presents guidelines on the volume, duration, frequency and type of physical activity required across the life course to achieve general health benefits. It is aimed at the NHS, local authorities and a range of other organisations designing services to promote physical activity.

Categories:Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2011 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Department of Health, Physical Activity, Health Improvement and Protection
Linked document:Download linked document

Healthy Happy Communities Project

The Healthy Happy Communities Project (HHCP) runs in disadvantaged areas of Angus, focusing on food and health, particularly for women of childbearing age, pregnant women and the under-fives. It has Healthy Start cafes and community gardening and cooking projects.

Categories:Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2010 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:NHS Tayside and Angus Council_x000D__x000D_
Find out more:www.communityfoodandhealth.org.uk

Preventing Overweight and Obesity in Scotland: A Route Map Towards Healthy Weight

This policy is aimed at central and local government decision-makers working with their partners in agencies, the third sector, NHS Scotland and business to develop and subsequently deliver the long-term solutions to overweight and obesity in Scotland. The Route Map sets out the direction of national and local government decision making in the short and medium term.

Categories (partial):Evidence of National Obesity Strategy/Policy or Action plan
Year(s):2010 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:The Scottish Government
Find out more:www.gov.scot
Linked document:Download linked document

SIGN Management of Obesity - A National Clinical Guideline

This guideline provides evidence based recommendations on the prevention and treatment of obesity within the clinical setting, in children, young people and adults.

Categories:Evidence of Management/treatment guidelines
Year(s):2010 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network
Find out more:www.sign.ac.uk
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (2010). Management of Obesity: A national clinical guideline. Available from: https://www.sign.ac.uk/assets/sign115.pdf [Accessed 14 December 2018].

SIGN Management of Obesity - Quick reference guide

A quick reference guide providing a summary of the main recommendations contained in the SIGN guideline (including primary prevention of obesity in children, young people and adults, treatments by diet,lifestyle, pharmacological therapy and bariatric surgery and prevention of weight regain after treatment).

Categories:Evidence of Management/treatment guidelines
Year(s):2010 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network
Find out more:www.sign.ac.uk
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (2010). Management of Obesity: Quick Reference Guide. Available from: https://www.sign.ac.uk/assets/qrg115.pdf [Accessed 13 July 2020].

Recipe For Success: Scotland's national food and drink policy

This paper sets out how to support the growth of the food and drink industry; build on the Scottish reputation as a land of food and drink; ensure the public makes healthy and sustainable choices; make the public sector an exemplar for sustainable food procurement; ensure the food supplies are secure and resilient to change; make food both available and affordable to all; and ensure that the Scottish people understand more about the food they eat.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2009 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:The Scottish Government
Find out more:www.gov.scot
Linked document:Download linked document

Healthy Eating in Schools: A guide to implementing the nutrition requirements for food and drinks in schools (Scotland) regulations 2008

Regulations approved to help improved the health of children and young people in Scotland.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2008 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Scottish Government
Find out more:www.gov.scot
Linked document:Download linked document

Healthy Eating, Active Living: An action plan to improve diet, increase physical activity and tackle obesity (2008-2011)

A plan of action to help improve the nation's diet, encourage greater physical activity and begin to establish a base for addressing obesity through both targeted interventions and supporting the public to achieve and maintain a healthy weight.

Categories (partial):Evidence of National Obesity Strategy/Policy or Action plan
Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2008-2011
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:The Scottish Government
Find out more:www.gov.scot
Linked document:Download linked document

The Schools (Health Promotion and Nutrition) (Scotland) Act, 2007

The Act places health promotion at the heart of a school's activities, and details a number of duties on local authorities such as to promote school meals and consider sustainable development guidance when providing food and drink.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2007 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Scottish Government
Linked document:Download linked document

EU health and nutrient claims regulation (UK-wide policy)

Regulation nº 1924/2006 establishes EU-wide rules on the use of specified health and nutrient claims. The European Commission approves claims provided they are based on scientific evidence and accessible consumers. The European Food Safety Authority is responsible for evaluating the scientific evidence supporting health claims. Nutrition claims may only be used on food defined as "healthy" by a nutrient profile.

Categories:Labelling Regulation/Guidelines
Year(s):2006 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:European Commission
Linked document:Download linked document
References:https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/en/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A32006R1924

EU health and nutrient claims regulation

Regulation nº 1924/2006 establishes EU-wide rules on the use of specified health and nutrient claims. The European Commission approves claims provided they are based on scientific evidence and accessible consumers. The European Food Safety Authority is responsible for evaluating the scientific evidence supporting health claims. Nutrition claims may only be used on food defined as "healthy" by a nutrient profile.

Categories:Labelling Regulation/Guidelines
Year(s):2006 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:European Commission
Linked document:Download linked document
References:https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/en/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A32006R1924

Confidence to Cook – Community Kitchens

Confidence to Cook aims to promote healthy eating messages through practical hands-on cookery sessions, particularly in low-income communities with vulnerable groups. 

Categories:Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2004 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:NHS Grampian and Aberdeen City Council
Find out more:www.confidence2cook.co.uk

SGF's Healthy Living Programme

The Scottish Grocers’ Federation (SGF) Healthy Living Programme is a Scottish Government sponsored programme. The main objective is to increase the range, availability and value of healthy products in Scottish Convenience Stores, with particular focus on disadvantaged communities.

Categories:Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2004 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Scottish Grocers’ Federation
Find out more:www.scottishshop.org.uk

Game Plan, Strategy for delivering the Government's sport and physical activity objectives (UK-wide policy)

This document describes the United Kingdom's Government objectives for sport and physical activity and identifies ways of improving Government support. It was published in 2002 by two government departments: the Social Exclusion Unit and the Department of Culture, Media and Sport. The overall objectives of the plan are to increase the participation of all people in sport and to improve results in international competition.

Categories:Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2002-2020
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Department for Culture, Media and Sport
Find out more:www.sportdevelopment.org.uk
References:DCMS/Strategy Unit. (2002) Game plan: A strategy for delivering government's sport and physical activity objectives. London: Cabinet Office

The Eatwell Plate (UK-wide policy)

The United Kingdom published its first national food model in 1994, and it has been updated since then. The national food model, then known as ‘The Balance of Good Health’, was launched in 1994. It was revised and named ‘The eatwell plate’ in 2007. The most recent model, the Eatwell Guide, was published in March 2016. The revision of the eatwell plate to the Eatwell Guide in 2016 was led by Public Health England in association with Food Standards Scotland, the Welsh Government and by the Food Standards Agency in Northern Ireland. The Eatwell Guide has been accepted across UK government departments.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):1994 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Find out more:www.gov.uk
Linked document:Download linked document
References:http://www.fao.org/nutrition/education/food-dietary-guidelines/regions/countries/united-kingdom/en/

UK Code of Broadcast Advertising (BCAP Code) (UK-wide policy)

Statutory rules on advertisements for HFSS foods on TV channels dedicated to children. These regulations ban the advertising of food high in fat, sugar, and salt (as defined by a nutrient profiling model) during television programs that have particular appeal to children aged younger than 16 years. Since 2011, the provisions of the Code of Advertising Practice now apply to advertisers own websites and advertising on social media sites.

Categories:Evidence of Marketing Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):1961 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Organisation:UK Code of Broadcast Advertising (BCAP Code)
Find out more:www.cap.org.uk
Linked document:Download linked document

CAP non-broadcast code

"The CAP non-broadcast code has rules that cover non-broadcast advertising (for example print, online), sales promotion and direct marketing (such as telesales and email). The code specifies standards for accuracy and honesty that businesses must stick to, including specific conditions, such as: advertising to children" - UK Gov. The CAP non-broadcast code includes Mandatory regulation of food advertising in non-broadcast media.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Target age group:Children
Organisation:UK Government
Find out more:www.asa.org.uk
References:https://www.gov.uk/marketing-advertising-law/advertising-codes-of-practice

Commercial promotion of food to children

"A combination of statutory and government-approved private sector self-regulation techniques are used to control the commercial promotion of food to children. Statutory rules apply to child-targeted television advertisements for HFSS foods as defined by the nutrient profiling scheme developed by the Food Standards Agency. “Child-targeted” marketing is defined as marketing during preschool children’s programmes, during programmes made for children under the age of 16 in children’s airtime, and youth-oriented programming that attracts a significantly higher-than-average proportion of viewers younger than 16 years (the proportion of viewers under 16 is 20% higher than the general viewing population). The rules apply to commercial and public service broadcast channels and all cable and satellite channels. The objectives are to limit children’s exposure to advertising for HFSS products and to restrict the use of advertising techniques appealing to children." - WHO

Categories:Evidence of Marketing Guidelines/Policy
Target age group:Children
References:https://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/155436/e96047.pdf

Living Streets (UK-wide policy)

UK charity campaigning to get everyone out walking more

Categories:Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Living Streets
Find out more:www.livingstreets.org.uk

re:balance (UK-wide policy)

Weight loss programme based in Camden or Islington. You can either refer yourself or a GP can refer you._x000D__x000D_ Rebalance is a 12 week, group, weight-loss programme of exercise and dietary advice for overweight or obese adults. It covers nutritional advice, healthy-eating guidance, online, cognitive behavioural support and help to get active.

Categories:Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Categories (partial):Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Target age group:Adults
Find out more:www.camden.gov.uk

The Family Project (a multi-disciplinary family-based programme for treating childhood obesity) (UK-wide policy)

A multi-component family focused education package involving physical activity sessions and educational workshops focusing on; healthy eating, physical activity, reducing sedentary behaviour, behaviour change and psychological well being. Workshops were also delivered by a multi-disciplinary team comprising; a dietitian, physical activity health promotion officer, an educational or clinical psychologist and 2-3 physical activity instructors.

Categories:Evidence of Multidisciplinary Intervention
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Coppins et al 2011
Find out more:www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Coppins et al 2011. Effectiveness of a multi-disciplinary family-based programme for treating childhood obesity (the Family Project). Eur J Clin Nutr. 2011 Aug;65(8):903-9.

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