• Overview
  • Obesity prevalence
  • Trends over time
  • Population breakdowns
  • Drivers
  • Comorbidities
  • Actions
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Obesity prevalence

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-74
Sample size:4819
Area covered:National
References:Gaio, V. et al. (2017) 'Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Portugal: Results from the First Portuguese Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)', Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, ISSN 1871-403X. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2017.08.002 (Accessed: 7 November 2017).
Notes:(2236 Male and 2583 Female)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2008-2009

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-64
Sample size:6906
Area covered:National
References:Sardinha LB, Santos DA, Silva AM, Coelho-e-Silva MJ, Raimundo AM, Moreira H, et al. (2012) Prevalence of Overweight, Obesity, and Abdominal Obesity in a Representative Sample of Portuguese Adults. PLoS ONE 7(10): e47883. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047883
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2003-2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-64
Sample size:8116
Area covered:National
References:do Carmo I, dos Santos O, Camolas J, Vieira J, Carreira M, Medina L, Reis L, Myatt J, & Galvão-Teles A. Overweight and obesity in Portugal: national prevalence in 2003–2005. Obesity Reviews 2007; 9:11-19.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 1995-1998

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-64
Sample size:4328
Area covered:National
References:L do Caromo et al. Overweight and obesity in Portugal. Obesity Reviews 2008;9:11-19
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2016

Survey type:Measured
Age:6-8
Sample size:2828
Area covered:National
References:COSI Portugal 2016. Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative. Available from: http://repositorio.insa.pt/bitstream/10400.18/4857/8/COSI%202016_V2_fev2018.pdf [Accessed 15 April 2019].
Notes:WHO cut-offs used.
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2013-2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:5-13
Sample size:7624
Area covered:Regional
References:Camarinha B, et al. Prevalence of pre-obesity/obesity in pre and basic school children at Vila Nova de Gaia, Acta Med Port 2016 Jan;29(1):31-40
Notes:Region - Vila Nova de Gaia 2009 national data for children is available in the trend section of these maps. International IOTF cut off points shown CDC & WHO cut off available
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2009

Survey type:Measured
Age:3-10
Sample size:17277
Area covered:National
References:GAMA AUGUSTA, ROSADO-MARQUES VÍTOR, MACHADO-RODRIGUES ARISTIDES M., NOGUEIRA HELENA, MOURÃO ISABEL, PADEZ CRISTINA. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in 3-to-10-year-old children: assessment of different cut-off criteria WHO-IOTF. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2020 Sep 09] ; 92( 2 ): e20190449. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652020000300907&lng=en. Epub Aug 07, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765202020190449.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2008

Survey type:Measured
Age:6-8
Sample size:3765
Area covered:National
References:Rito, A., Wijnhoven, T. M. A., Rutter, H., Carvalho, M. A., Paixão, E., Ramos, C., Claudio, D., Espanca, R., Sancho, T., Cerqueira, Z., Carvalho, R., Faria, C., Feliciano, E. and Breda, J. (2012), Prevalence of obesity among Portuguese children (6–8 years old) using three definition criteria: COSI Portugal, 2008. Pediatric Obesity. doi: 10.1111/j.2047-6310.2012.00068.x
Notes:IOTF International Cut off - other cut off points available
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2008

Survey type:Measured
Age:10-18
Sample size:22048
Area covered:National
References:SARDINHA, L. B., SANTOS, R., VALE, S., SILVA, A. M., FERREIRA, J. P., RAIMUNDO, A. M., MOREIRA, H., BAPTISTA, F. and MOTA, J. (2011), Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Portuguese youth: A study in a representative sample of 10–18-year-old children and adolescents. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 6: e124–e128. doi: 10.3109/17477166.2010.490263
Notes:IOTF International Cut off Points. Cole et al 2000
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2007-2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:8
Sample size:6262
Area covered:National
References:Spinelli et al (2019). 'Childhood Severe Obesity in Europe', Obes Facts.12, pp. 244–258. (Data from COSI round 1-3)
Notes:NOTE - this data is from COSI round I, II and III (2007 - 2013) IOTF cut-offs used.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2002-2003

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-9
Sample size:4508
Area covered:National
References:Padez C, Fernandes T, Mourao I, Moreira P, Rosado V. Prevalence of overweight an dobesity in 7-9 year old Portuguese Children:Trends in body mass index from 1970-2002. American Journal of Human Biology 2004;16:670-678
Notes:IOTF Cut off. Reference: Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age and education

Men, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2017 - Education EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2017 - Education EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by education

Men, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-74
Sample size:Female = 2580 Male = 2235
Area covered:National
References:Gaio, V. et al. (2017) 'Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Portugal: Results from the First Portuguese Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)', Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, ISSN 1871-403X. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2017.08.002 (Accessed: 7 November 2017).
Notes:Translated images for obesity prevalence by educational status are also available from: 1995-96, 1988-99 and 2003-05.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-74
Sample size:Female = 2580 Male = 2235
Area covered:National
References:Gaio, V. et al. (2017) 'Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Portugal: Results from the First Portuguese Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)', Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, ISSN 1871-403X. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2017.08.002 (Accessed: 7 November 2017).
Notes:Translated images for obesity prevalence by educational status are also available from: 1995-96, 1988-99 and 2003-05.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Notes:Less than primary, primary and lower secondary education (levels 0-2) Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education (levels 3 and 4) Tertiary education (levels 5-8)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Notes:Less than primary, primary and lower secondary education (levels 0-2) Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education (levels 3 and 4) Tertiary education (levels 5-8)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2003-2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-64
Sample size:8116
Area covered:National
References:Do Carmo, I., Dos Santos, O., Camolas, J., Vieira, J., Carreira, M., Medina, L., Reis, L., Myatt, J. and Galvão-Teles, A. (2008), Overweight and obesity in Portugal: national prevalence in 2003–2005. Obesity Reviews, 9: 11–19. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2007.00422.x
Notes:WHO BMI Cut-offs
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2003-2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-64
Sample size:8116
Area covered:National
References:Do Carmo, I., Dos Santos, O., Camolas, J., Vieira, J., Carreira, M., Medina, L., Reis, L., Myatt, J. and Galvão-Teles, A. (2008), Overweight and obesity in Portugal: national prevalence in 2003–2005. Obesity Reviews, 9: 11–19. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2007.00422.x
Notes:WHO BMI Cut-offs
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 1998-1999

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:38225
Area covered:National
References:Marques-Vidal P and Dias CM. Trends in Overweight and Obesity in Portugal: The National Health Surveys 1995-6 and 1998-9. Obes Res. 2005; 13: 1141-1145
Notes:Definitions: Primary/basic education = up to 6yrs education Secondary = 6-12yrs education University level = 12yrs+ education
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 1998-1999

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:38225
Area covered:National
References:Marques-Vidal P and Dias CM. Trends in Overweight and Obesity in Portugal: The National Health Surveys 1995-6 and 1998-9. Obes Res. 2005; 13: 1141-1145
Notes:Definitions: Primary/basic education = up to 6yrs education Secondary = 6-12yrs education University level = 12yrs+ education
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 1995-1996

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:38238
Area covered:National
References:Marques-Vidal P and Dias CM. Trends in Overweight and Obesity in Portugal: The National Health Surveys 1995-6 and 1998-9. Obes Res. 2005; 13: 1141-1145
Notes:Definitions: Primary/basic education = up to 6yrs education Secondary = 6-12yrs education University level = 12yrs+ education
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 1995-1996

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:38238
Area covered:National
References:Marques-Vidal P and Dias CM. Trends in Overweight and Obesity in Portugal: The National Health Surveys 1995-6 and 1998-9. Obes Res. 2005; 13: 1141-1145
Notes:Definitions: Primary/basic education = up to 6yrs education Secondary = 6-12yrs education University level = 12yrs+ education
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2007-2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:7
Sample size:2964
Area covered:National
References:Spinelli et al (2019). 'Childhood Severe Obesity in Europe', Obes Facts.12, pp. 244–258. (Data from COSI round 1-3)
Notes:WHO cut-offs used. Based on Mother's education level.
Cutoffs:WHO

Boys, 2002-2003

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-9
Sample size:4511
Area covered:National
References:PADEZ, C., MOURÃO, I., MOREIRA, P. and ROSADO, V. (2005), Prevalence and risk factors for overweight and obesity in Portuguese children. Acta Paediatrica, 94: 1550–1557. doi: 10.1080/08035250510042924
Notes:Prevalence of overweight and obesity by Paternal Education IOTF cut-off points used
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2002-2003

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-9
Sample size:4511
Area covered:National
References:PADEZ, C., MOURÃO, I., MOREIRA, P. and ROSADO, V. (2005), Prevalence and risk factors for overweight and obesity in Portuguese children. Acta Paediatrica, 94: 1550–1557. doi: 10.1080/08035250510042924
Notes:Prevalence of overweight and obesity by Paternal Education IOTF cut-off points used
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2017 - EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2008-2009

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:9447
Area covered:National
References:Sardinha LB, Santos DA, Silva AM, Coelho-e-Silva MJ, Raimundo AM, et al (2012) Prevalence of Overweight, Obesity and Abdominal Obesity in a Representative Sample of Portuguese Adults. PloS ONE 7(10): e47883. doc:10.1371/journal.pone.0047883
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2016

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:2828
Area covered:National
References:COSI Portugal 2016. Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative. Available from: http://repositorio.insa.pt/bitstream/10400.18/4857/8/COSI%202016_V2_fev2018.pdf [Accessed 15 April 2019].
Notes:WHO cut-offs used.
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2010-2011

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:7659
Area covered:Subnational
References:Pérez-Farinós N, López-Sobaler A.M,Dal Re M.A,Villar C, Labrado E, Robledo T and Ortega R.M. 2013. The ALADINO Study: A National Study of Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Spanish Children in 2011. BioMed Research International; 2013 http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/163687
Notes:IOTF cut offs used
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2009-2010

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:17136
Area covered:National
References:Bingham DD, Varela-Silva MI, Ferrão MM et al. Socio-Demographic and Behavioral Risk Factors Associated with the High Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Portuguese Children. American Journal of Human Biology 2013; 25: 733-742
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by region

Men, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-74
Sample size:4819
Area covered:National
References:Gaio, V. et al. (2017) 'Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Portugal: Results from the First Portuguese Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)', Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, ISSN 1871-403X. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2017.08.002 (Accessed: 7 November 2017).
Notes:Female = 2583, Male = 2236
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-74
Sample size:4819
Area covered:National
References:Gaio, V. et al. (2017) 'Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Portugal: Results from the First Portuguese Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)', Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, ISSN 1871-403X. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2017.08.002 (Accessed: 7 November 2017).
Notes:Female = 2583, Male = 2236
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 1998-1999

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:38225
Area covered:National
References:Marques-Vidal P and Dias CM. Trends in Overweight and Obesity in Portugal: The National Health Surveys 1995-6 and 1998-9. Obes Res. 2005; 13: 1141-1145
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 1998-1999

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:38225
Area covered:National
References:Marques-Vidal P and Dias CM. Trends in Overweight and Obesity in Portugal: The National Health Surveys 1995-6 and 1998-9. Obes Res. 2005; 13: 1141-1145
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 1995-1996

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:38238
Area covered:National
References:Marques-Vidal P and Dias CM. Trends in Overweight and Obesity in Portugal: The National Health Surveys 1995-6 and 1998-9. Obes Res. 2005; 13: 1141-1145
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 1995-1996

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:38238
Area covered:National
References:Marques-Vidal P and Dias CM. Trends in Overweight and Obesity in Portugal: The National Health Surveys 1995-6 and 1998-9. Obes Res. 2005; 13: 1141-1145
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2016

Survey type:Measured
Age:6-8
Sample size:6672
Area covered:National
References:COSI Portugal 2016. Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative. Available from: http://repositorio.insa.pt/bitstream/10400.18/4857/8/COSI%202016_V2_fev2018.pdf [Accessed 15 April 2019].
Notes:WHO cut-offs used.
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2007-2008

Survey type:Measured
Age:6-8
Sample size:3765
Area covered:National
References:Rito, A., Wijnhoven, T. M. A., Rutter, H., Carvalho, M. A., Paixão, E., Ramos, C., Claudio, D., Espanca, R., Sancho, T., Cerqueira, Z., Carvalho, R., Faria, C., Feliciano, E. and Breda, J. (2012), Prevalence of obesity among Portuguese children (6–8 years old) using three definition criteria: COSI Portugal, 2008. Pediatric Obesity, 7: 413–422. doi: 10.1111/j.2047-6310.2012.00068.x
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age and region

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by age and socio-economic group

Adults, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by socio-economic group

Men, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-74
Sample size:4667
Area covered:National
References:Gaio, V. et al. (2017) 'Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Portugal: Results from the First Portuguese Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)', Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, ISSN 1871-403X. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2017.08.002 (Accessed: 7 November 2017).
Notes:Female = 2510 Male = 2157 Socioeconomic status based on the following occupational activities: A = Armed Forces, Managers and Professionals B = Technicians & Associate Professionals, Clerical Support Workers, Services & Sales Workers C = Skilled Agricultural Workers, Craft & Related Trades Workers, Plant & Machine Operators, Elementary occupations, Housewives, Students
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-74
Sample size:4667
Area covered:National
References:Gaio, V. et al. (2017) 'Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Portugal: Results from the First Portuguese Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)', Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, ISSN 1871-403X. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2017.08.002 (Accessed: 7 November 2017).
Notes:Female = 2510 Male = 2157 Socioeconomic status based on the following occupational activities: A = Armed Forces, Managers and Professionals B = Technicians & Associate Professionals, Clerical Support Workers, Services & Sales Workers C = Skilled Agricultural Workers, Craft & Related Trades Workers, Plant & Machine Operators, Elementary occupations, Housewives, Students
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Notes:1st Quintile (lowest income), 5th Quintile (highest income) Please note where data = zero, there were insufficient data.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Notes:1st Quintile (lowest income), 5th Quintile (highest income) Please note where data = zero, there were insufficient data.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2003-2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-64
Sample size:8116
Area covered:National
References:Do Carmo, I., Dos Santos, O., Camolas, J., Vieira, J., Carreira, M., Medina, L., Reis, L., Myatt, J. and Galvão-Teles, A. (2008), Overweight and obesity in Portugal: national prevalence in 2003–2005. Obesity Reviews, 9: 11–19. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2007.00422.x
Notes:Occupational activity definitions: A = Directors and other superior staff B = Intellectual and scientific expert C = Medium-level technicians D = Administrative staff and sellers E = Farmers, fishermen, factory-hand men, artisans and other non-qualified workers
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2003-2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-64
Sample size:8116
Area covered:National
References:Do Carmo, I., Dos Santos, O., Camolas, J., Vieira, J., Carreira, M., Medina, L., Reis, L., Myatt, J. and Galvão-Teles, A. (2008), Overweight and obesity in Portugal: national prevalence in 2003–2005. Obesity Reviews, 9: 11–19. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2007.00422.x
Notes:Occupational activity definitions: A = Directors and other superior staff B = Intellectual and scientific expert C = Medium-level technicians D = Administrative staff and sellers E = Farmers, fishermen, factory-hand men, artisans and other non-qualified workers
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Boys, 2005-2006

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:5-19
Sample size:6903
Area covered:National
References:Carlota Quintal, Joana Oliveira, (2017) "Socioeconomic inequalities in child obesity and overweight in Portugal", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 44 Issue: 10, pp.1377-1389, https://doi-org.plymouth.idm.oclc.org/10.1108/IJSE-11-2015-0291
Notes:IOTF Cut-offs used. Prevalence of Overweight/Obesity by Socioeconomic Status (Monthly/Family Income in Euros)
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2005-2006

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:5-19
Sample size:6903
Area covered:National
References:Carlota Quintal, Joana Oliveira, (2017) "Socioeconomic inequalities in child obesity and overweight in Portugal", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 44 Issue: 10, pp.1377-1389, https://doi-org.plymouth.idm.oclc.org/10.1108/IJSE-11-2015-0291
Notes:IOTF Cut-offs used. Prevalence of Overweight/Obesity by Socioeconomic Status (Monthly/Family Income in Euros)
Cutoffs:IOTF

Insufficient physical activity

Adults, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Men, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Women, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Children, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Boys, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Girls, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Sugar consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Sugar consumption (Number of 500g sugar portions/person/month)

Estimated per-capita sugar sweetened beverages intake

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International

Prevalence of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
References:World Health Organization. (2017). Adolescent obesity and related behaviours: Trends and inequalities in the who european region, 2002-2014: observations from the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) WHO collaborative cross-national study (J. Inchley, D. Currie, J. Jewel, J. Breda, & V. Barnekow, Eds.). World Health Organization. Sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org
Notes:15-year-old adolescents
Definitions:Prevalence of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption (% of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption)

Prevalence of confectionery consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Prevalence of confectionery consumption (Number of 50g confectionery portions/person/month)

Prevalence of sweet/savoury snack consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Prevalence of sweet/savoury snack consumption (Number of 35g sweet/savoury snack portions/person/month)

Estimated per-capita fruit intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita fruit intake (g/day)

Prevalence of less-than-daily fruit consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
References:Global School-based Student Health Surveys. Beal et al (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287. Sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system
Definitions:Prevalence of less-than-daily fruit consumption (% less-than-daily fruit consumption)

Prevalence of less-than-daily vegetable consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:12-17
References:Beal et al. (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287 sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system
Definitions:Prevalence of less-than-daily vegetable consumption (% less-than-daily vegetable consumption)

Estimated per-capita processed meat intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita processed meat intake (g per day)

Estimated per-capita whole grains intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita whole grains intake (g/day)

Mental health - depression disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with depression disorders

Mental health - anxiety disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with anxiety disorders

Oesophageal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Breast cancer

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, breast, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Colorectal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Pancreatic cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Gallbladder cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Kidney cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Cancer of the uterus

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, cervix uteri, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Raised blood pressure

Adults, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Men, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Women, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Raised cholesterol

Adults, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Men, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Women, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Raised fasting blood glucose

Men, 2014

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Women, 2014

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Diabetes prevalence

Adults, 2017

References:Reproduced with kind permission of IDF, International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas, 8th edition. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation, 2017. http://www.diabetesatlas.org
Definitions:Diabetes age-adjusted comparative prevalence (%).

Actions

2018 ESTRATÉGIA INTEGRADA PARA A PROMOÇÃO DA ALIMENTAÇÃO SAUDÁVEL

National programme to promote healthy food. [Document in Portuguese]

Categories:Evidence of Marketing Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2019 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health, Directorate-General for Health.
Find out more:alimentacaosaudavel.dgs.pt
Linked document:Download linked document

Regional programme for the promotion of healthy food 2018-2020

Aims to improve the diet of the population.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2018-2020
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Autonomous region of Azores; Regional Health Secretary
Find out more:www.azores.gov.pt
Linked document:Download linked document
References:REGIÃO AUTÓNOMA DOS AÇORES: SECRETARIA REGIONAL DA SAÚDE. Programa Regional para a Promoção da Alimentação Saudável 2018-2020. Available from: https://www.azores.gov.pt/NR/rdonlyres/E2E99B2D-8DA9-46A4-BD87-C9222013C27F/1094952/pras.pdf. [Accessed 21 December 2018].

retrato da saude 2018 (Health portrait 2018)

In Portuguese

Categories:Evidence of NCD strategy
Year(s):2018 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Find out more:www.sns.gov.pt
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Ministario da Saude. retrato da saude 2018. Available from:https://www.sns.gov.pt/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/RETRATO-DA-SAUDE_2018_compressed.pdf [accessed july 2019].

2017 OBESIDADE: OTIMIZAÇÃO DA ABORDAGEM TERAPÊUTICA NO SERVIÇO NACIONAL DE SAÚDE (OBESITY: OPTIMIZATION OF THERAPEUTIC APPROACH NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE)

A document which aims to outline the obesity status in portugal, consider the best obesity indicators, provide guidelines for its' treatment and outlines the NHS's approach to treatment.

Categories:Non-national obesity strategies
Categories (partial):Evidence of Management/treatment guidelines
Year(s):2017 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Camolas et al
Find out more:alimentacaosaudavel.dgs.pt
Linked document:Download linked document

Sugary Drink tax

Tax on beverages containing added sugar or other sweeteners. Including those intended for human consumption, containing added sugar or other sweetening matter, falling within the combined nomenclature (CN) code 2202; and beverages falling within CN codes 2204, 2205, 2206 and 2208, concentrates in the form of syrup or powder intended for the preparation at the premises of the consumer or retailer of beverages containing added sugar or other sweetening matter (falling within CN code 2202).

Categories:Taxation/Subsidies on Food or Beverages or law relating to public health
Year(s):2017 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Find out more:ind.millenniumbcp.pt
Linked document:Download linked document

National Sports for All Programme Mexa-Se (Programa nacional de desporto para todos â Mexa-Se)

This program is part of the governmental strategy to increase physical activity and sports practice in the population. Objectives have been defined, including for example mobilizing inactive people to include physical activity into their daily routines. Activities are carried out with different partners, including for example a national physical activity day, bike tours and school projects

Categories:Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2016 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:National Institute of Sports
Linked document:Download linked document

Food Industry Commitments on Diet, Physical Activity and Health: Advertising and marketing directed at children

Food Industry Commitments on Diet, Physical Activity and Health: Advertising and marketing directed at children (Compromissos da indústria alimentar sobre Alimentação, Actividade Física e Saúde: Publicidade e Marketing dirigidos a Crianças)

Categories:Evidence of Marketing Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2015 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Portuguese Food Industry Federation
Linked document:Download linked document

European Union (EU) Action Plan on Childhood Obesity 2014-2020

EU Action plan. To contribute to halting the rise in overweight and obesity in children and young people (0-18 years) by 2020

Categories:Transnational Obesity Strategies/Policy or Action Plan
Year(s):2014-2020
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Find out more:ec.europa.eu
Linked document:Download linked document
References:EU Action Plan on Childhood Table of contents [Internet]. Available from: https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/nutrition_physical_activity/docs/childhoodobesity_actionplan_2014_2020_en.pdf ‌

LUTA POR TI

One of the European Youth Tackling Obesity (EYTO) projects, the campaign title translates as ‘fight for yourself’ and is about taking the power and responsibility for your lifestyle choices. It is a campaign created by and for the young people and was launched via Facebook and Media (CNE Magazine), which they use to post content like; “Hoje o Cozinheiro Sou Eu” , “Soup Contest” and “National Fighting Obesity Day”; tips and news.

Categories (partial):Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2013 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Find out more:www.eyto.org.uk

Come Devagar e Bem & Mexe-te também (Eating Slowly and Well & Move it)

The project "Eating Slowly and Well & Move it also" aim is to contribute to the promotion of a set of behaviours that reinforce the practice of healthy eating habits and physical activity in a group of children. The target population consists of children attending the 1st year of primary school in school year 2012/2013 the ACES Lisbon North School Park (Alvalade Benfica, Lumiar and Seven Rivers).

Categories:Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2012 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Health Centres in North Lisbon with the support of the Health General Directorate
Linked document:Download linked document

Treatment of Pediatric Obesity (TOP) - A Multidisciplinary Approach Involving Adolescents and Their Peers (TOP)

A multi-disciplinary intervention aiming to treat obesity in adolescents, interventions include Interactive Sessions, Physical activity sessions and holiday camps and the presence of peers is predominant, indispensable and motivational in the context and the dynamics of development of activities.

Categories:Evidence of Multidisciplinary Intervention
Year(s):2012-2014
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Fonseca and Palmeira
Find out more:clinicaltrials.gov
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Available from https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02024061 [accessed 7th August 2019].

Growing up with Healthy Weight

The aim of this project was to promote healthy eating habits and physical activity in children 1 Viana do Alentejo municipality cycle during the academic years 2011-2015.

Categories (partial):Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2011-2015
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Directorate General of Health
Find out more:www.arsalentejo.min-saude.pt

Nutri Ventures

The Nutri Ventures project aims to create, through entertainment, a positive environment around the healthy eating theme, taking children to associate good feelings to healthy food and creating a unique opportunity for parents, teachers, nutritionists and other health professionals influence the diet of children.

Categories:Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2010 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Rodrigo Carvalho and Rui Lima Miranda
Find out more:nutri-ventures.com

MUN-SI program

MUN-SI is an on-going community-based program which aims to tackle the problem of childhood malnutrition (obesity and thinness), seeking its prevention on continuous and sustainable actions developed during 1-4 years periods.

Categories:Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2009 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Organisation:CEIDSS -Center for Study and Research on Social Dynamics and Health
Find out more:mun-si.com
References:http://mun-si.com/programa/

Food Wheel Guide

These recommendations are intended for the healthy Portuguese population in general and include the number of portions required for individual energy requirements.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2003 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Find out more:www.dgs.pt
Linked document:Download linked document

No actions could be found for the above criteria.

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