• Overview
  • Obesity prevalence
  • Trends over time
  • Population breakdowns
  • Drivers
  • Comorbidities
  • Actions
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Obesity prevalence

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2017 - EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-74
Sample size:4819
Area covered:National
References:Gaio, V. et al. (2017) 'Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Portugal: Results from the First Portuguese Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)', Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, ISSN 1871-403X. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2017.08.002 (Accessed: 7 November 2017).
Notes:(2236 Male and 2583 Female)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2008-2009

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-64
Sample size:6906
Area covered:National
References:Sardinha LB, Santos DA, Silva AM, Coelho-e-Silva MJ, Raimundo AM, Moreira H, et al. (2012) Prevalence of Overweight, Obesity, and Abdominal Obesity in a Representative Sample of Portuguese Adults. PLoS ONE 7(10): e47883. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0047883
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2003-2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-64
Sample size:8116
Area covered:National
References:do Carmo I, dos Santos O, Camolas J, Vieira J, Carreira M, Medina L, Reis L, Myatt J, & Galvão-Teles A. Overweight and obesity in Portugal: national prevalence in 2003–2005. Obesity Reviews 2007; 9:11-19.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 1995-1998

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-64
Sample size:4328
Area covered:National
References:L do Caromo et al. Overweight and obesity in Portugal. Obesity Reviews 2008;9:11-19
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2016

Survey type:Measured
Age:6-8
Sample size:2828
Area covered:National
References:COSI Portugal 2016. Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative. Available from: http://repositorio.insa.pt/bitstream/10400.18/4857/8/COSI%202016_V2_fev2018.pdf [Accessed 15 April 2019].
Notes:WHO cut-offs used.
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2013-2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:5-13
Sample size:7624
Area covered:Regional
References:Camarinha B, et al. Prevalence of pre-obesity/obesity in pre and basic school children at Vila Nova de Gaia, Acta Med Port 2016 Jan;29(1):31-40
Notes:Region - Vila Nova de Gaia 2009 national data for children is available in the trend section of these maps. International IOTF cut off points shown CDC & WHO cut off available
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2009

Survey type:Measured
Age:3-10
Sample size:17277
Area covered:National
References:GAMA AUGUSTA, ROSADO-MARQUES VÍTOR, MACHADO-RODRIGUES ARISTIDES M., NOGUEIRA HELENA, MOURÃO ISABEL, PADEZ CRISTINA. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in 3-to-10-year-old children: assessment of different cut-off criteria WHO-IOTF. An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2020 Sep 09] ; 92( 2 ): e20190449. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0001-37652020000300907&lng=en. Epub Aug 07, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765202020190449.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2008

Survey type:Measured
Age:6-8
Sample size:3765
Area covered:National
References:Rito, A., Wijnhoven, T. M. A., Rutter, H., Carvalho, M. A., Paixão, E., Ramos, C., Claudio, D., Espanca, R., Sancho, T., Cerqueira, Z., Carvalho, R., Faria, C., Feliciano, E. and Breda, J. (2012), Prevalence of obesity among Portuguese children (6–8 years old) using three definition criteria: COSI Portugal, 2008. Pediatric Obesity. doi: 10.1111/j.2047-6310.2012.00068.x
Notes:IOTF International Cut off - other cut off points available
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2008

Survey type:Measured
Age:10-18
Sample size:22048
Area covered:National
References:SARDINHA, L. B., SANTOS, R., VALE, S., SILVA, A. M., FERREIRA, J. P., RAIMUNDO, A. M., MOREIRA, H., BAPTISTA, F. and MOTA, J. (2011), Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Portuguese youth: A study in a representative sample of 10–18-year-old children and adolescents. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 6: e124–e128. doi: 10.3109/17477166.2010.490263
Notes:IOTF International Cut off Points. Cole et al 2000
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2007-2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:8
Sample size:6262
Area covered:National
References:Spinelli et al (2019). 'Childhood Severe Obesity in Europe', Obes Facts.12, pp. 244–258. (Data from COSI round 1-3)
Notes:NOTE - this data is from COSI round I, II and III (2007 - 2013) IOTF cut-offs used.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2002-2003

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-9
Sample size:4508
Area covered:National
References:Padez C, Fernandes T, Mourao I, Moreira P, Rosado V. Prevalence of overweight an dobesity in 7-9 year old Portuguese Children:Trends in body mass index from 1970-2002. American Journal of Human Biology 2004;16:670-678
Notes:IOTF Cut off. Reference: Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age and education

Men, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2017 - Education EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2017 - Education EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by education

Men, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-74
Sample size:Female = 2580 Male = 2235
Area covered:National
References:Gaio, V. et al. (2017) 'Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Portugal: Results from the First Portuguese Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)', Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, ISSN 1871-403X. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2017.08.002 (Accessed: 7 November 2017).
Notes:Translated images for obesity prevalence by educational status are also available from: 1995-96, 1988-99 and 2003-05.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-74
Sample size:Female = 2580 Male = 2235
Area covered:National
References:Gaio, V. et al. (2017) 'Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Portugal: Results from the First Portuguese Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)', Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, ISSN 1871-403X. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2017.08.002 (Accessed: 7 November 2017).
Notes:Translated images for obesity prevalence by educational status are also available from: 1995-96, 1988-99 and 2003-05.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Notes:Less than primary, primary and lower secondary education (levels 0-2) Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education (levels 3 and 4) Tertiary education (levels 5-8)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Notes:Less than primary, primary and lower secondary education (levels 0-2) Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education (levels 3 and 4) Tertiary education (levels 5-8)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2003-2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-64
Sample size:8116
Area covered:National
References:Do Carmo, I., Dos Santos, O., Camolas, J., Vieira, J., Carreira, M., Medina, L., Reis, L., Myatt, J. and Galvão-Teles, A. (2008), Overweight and obesity in Portugal: national prevalence in 2003–2005. Obesity Reviews, 9: 11–19. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2007.00422.x
Notes:WHO BMI Cut-offs
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2003-2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-64
Sample size:8116
Area covered:National
References:Do Carmo, I., Dos Santos, O., Camolas, J., Vieira, J., Carreira, M., Medina, L., Reis, L., Myatt, J. and Galvão-Teles, A. (2008), Overweight and obesity in Portugal: national prevalence in 2003–2005. Obesity Reviews, 9: 11–19. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2007.00422.x
Notes:WHO BMI Cut-offs
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 1998-1999

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:38225
Area covered:National
References:Marques-Vidal P and Dias CM. Trends in Overweight and Obesity in Portugal: The National Health Surveys 1995-6 and 1998-9. Obes Res. 2005; 13: 1141-1145
Notes:Definitions: Primary/basic education = up to 6yrs education Secondary = 6-12yrs education University level = 12yrs+ education
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 1998-1999

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:38225
Area covered:National
References:Marques-Vidal P and Dias CM. Trends in Overweight and Obesity in Portugal: The National Health Surveys 1995-6 and 1998-9. Obes Res. 2005; 13: 1141-1145
Notes:Definitions: Primary/basic education = up to 6yrs education Secondary = 6-12yrs education University level = 12yrs+ education
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 1995-1996

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:38238
Area covered:National
References:Marques-Vidal P and Dias CM. Trends in Overweight and Obesity in Portugal: The National Health Surveys 1995-6 and 1998-9. Obes Res. 2005; 13: 1141-1145
Notes:Definitions: Primary/basic education = up to 6yrs education Secondary = 6-12yrs education University level = 12yrs+ education
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 1995-1996

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:38238
Area covered:National
References:Marques-Vidal P and Dias CM. Trends in Overweight and Obesity in Portugal: The National Health Surveys 1995-6 and 1998-9. Obes Res. 2005; 13: 1141-1145
Notes:Definitions: Primary/basic education = up to 6yrs education Secondary = 6-12yrs education University level = 12yrs+ education
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2007-2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:7
Sample size:2964
Area covered:National
References:Spinelli et al (2019). 'Childhood Severe Obesity in Europe', Obes Facts.12, pp. 244–258. (Data from COSI round 1-3)
Notes:WHO cut-offs used. Based on Mother's education level.
Cutoffs:WHO

Boys, 2002-2003

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-9
Sample size:4511
Area covered:National
References:PADEZ, C., MOURÃO, I., MOREIRA, P. and ROSADO, V. (2005), Prevalence and risk factors for overweight and obesity in Portuguese children. Acta Paediatrica, 94: 1550–1557. doi: 10.1080/08035250510042924
Notes:Prevalence of overweight and obesity by Paternal Education IOTF cut-off points used
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2002-2003

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-9
Sample size:4511
Area covered:National
References:PADEZ, C., MOURÃO, I., MOREIRA, P. and ROSADO, V. (2005), Prevalence and risk factors for overweight and obesity in Portuguese children. Acta Paediatrica, 94: 1550–1557. doi: 10.1080/08035250510042924
Notes:Prevalence of overweight and obesity by Paternal Education IOTF cut-off points used
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2017 - EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2008-2009

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:9447
Area covered:National
References:Sardinha LB, Santos DA, Silva AM, Coelho-e-Silva MJ, Raimundo AM, et al (2012) Prevalence of Overweight, Obesity and Abdominal Obesity in a Representative Sample of Portuguese Adults. PloS ONE 7(10): e47883. doc:10.1371/journal.pone.0047883
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2016

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:2828
Area covered:National
References:COSI Portugal 2016. Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative. Available from: http://repositorio.insa.pt/bitstream/10400.18/4857/8/COSI%202016_V2_fev2018.pdf [Accessed 15 April 2019].
Notes:WHO cut-offs used.
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2010-2011

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:7659
Area covered:Subnational
References:Pérez-Farinós N, López-Sobaler A.M,Dal Re M.A,Villar C, Labrado E, Robledo T and Ortega R.M. 2013. The ALADINO Study: A National Study of Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Spanish Children in 2011. BioMed Research International; 2013 http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/163687
Notes:IOTF cut offs used
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2009-2010

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:17136
Area covered:National
References:Bingham DD, Varela-Silva MI, Ferrão MM et al. Socio-Demographic and Behavioral Risk Factors Associated with the High Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Portuguese Children. American Journal of Human Biology 2013; 25: 733-742
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by region

Men, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-74
Sample size:4819
Area covered:National
References:Gaio, V. et al. (2017) 'Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Portugal: Results from the First Portuguese Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)', Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, ISSN 1871-403X. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2017.08.002 (Accessed: 7 November 2017).
Notes:Female = 2583, Male = 2236
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-74
Sample size:4819
Area covered:National
References:Gaio, V. et al. (2017) 'Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Portugal: Results from the First Portuguese Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)', Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, ISSN 1871-403X. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2017.08.002 (Accessed: 7 November 2017).
Notes:Female = 2583, Male = 2236
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 1998-1999

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:38225
Area covered:National
References:Marques-Vidal P and Dias CM. Trends in Overweight and Obesity in Portugal: The National Health Surveys 1995-6 and 1998-9. Obes Res. 2005; 13: 1141-1145
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 1998-1999

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:38225
Area covered:National
References:Marques-Vidal P and Dias CM. Trends in Overweight and Obesity in Portugal: The National Health Surveys 1995-6 and 1998-9. Obes Res. 2005; 13: 1141-1145
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 1995-1996

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:38238
Area covered:National
References:Marques-Vidal P and Dias CM. Trends in Overweight and Obesity in Portugal: The National Health Surveys 1995-6 and 1998-9. Obes Res. 2005; 13: 1141-1145
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 1995-1996

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:38238
Area covered:National
References:Marques-Vidal P and Dias CM. Trends in Overweight and Obesity in Portugal: The National Health Surveys 1995-6 and 1998-9. Obes Res. 2005; 13: 1141-1145
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2016

Survey type:Measured
Age:6-8
Sample size:6672
Area covered:National
References:COSI Portugal 2016. Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative. Available from: http://repositorio.insa.pt/bitstream/10400.18/4857/8/COSI%202016_V2_fev2018.pdf [Accessed 15 April 2019].
Notes:WHO cut-offs used.
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2007-2008

Survey type:Measured
Age:6-8
Sample size:3765
Area covered:National
References:Rito, A., Wijnhoven, T. M. A., Rutter, H., Carvalho, M. A., Paixão, E., Ramos, C., Claudio, D., Espanca, R., Sancho, T., Cerqueira, Z., Carvalho, R., Faria, C., Feliciano, E. and Breda, J. (2012), Prevalence of obesity among Portuguese children (6–8 years old) using three definition criteria: COSI Portugal, 2008. Pediatric Obesity, 7: 413–422. doi: 10.1111/j.2047-6310.2012.00068.x
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age and region

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by age and socio-economic group

Adults, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by socio-economic group

Men, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-74
Sample size:4667
Area covered:National
References:Gaio, V. et al. (2017) 'Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Portugal: Results from the First Portuguese Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)', Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, ISSN 1871-403X. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2017.08.002 (Accessed: 7 November 2017).
Notes:Female = 2510 Male = 2157 Socioeconomic status based on the following occupational activities: A = Armed Forces, Managers and Professionals B = Technicians & Associate Professionals, Clerical Support Workers, Services & Sales Workers C = Skilled Agricultural Workers, Craft & Related Trades Workers, Plant & Machine Operators, Elementary occupations, Housewives, Students
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-74
Sample size:4667
Area covered:National
References:Gaio, V. et al. (2017) 'Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Portugal: Results from the First Portuguese Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015)', Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, ISSN 1871-403X. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2017.08.002 (Accessed: 7 November 2017).
Notes:Female = 2510 Male = 2157 Socioeconomic status based on the following occupational activities: A = Armed Forces, Managers and Professionals B = Technicians & Associate Professionals, Clerical Support Workers, Services & Sales Workers C = Skilled Agricultural Workers, Craft & Related Trades Workers, Plant & Machine Operators, Elementary occupations, Housewives, Students
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Notes:1st Quintile (lowest income), 5th Quintile (highest income) Please note where data = zero, there were insufficient data.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Notes:1st Quintile (lowest income), 5th Quintile (highest income) Please note where data = zero, there were insufficient data.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2003-2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-64
Sample size:8116
Area covered:National
References:Do Carmo, I., Dos Santos, O., Camolas, J., Vieira, J., Carreira, M., Medina, L., Reis, L., Myatt, J. and Galvão-Teles, A. (2008), Overweight and obesity in Portugal: national prevalence in 2003–2005. Obesity Reviews, 9: 11–19. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2007.00422.x
Notes:Occupational activity definitions: A = Directors and other superior staff B = Intellectual and scientific expert C = Medium-level technicians D = Administrative staff and sellers E = Farmers, fishermen, factory-hand men, artisans and other non-qualified workers
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2003-2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-64
Sample size:8116
Area covered:National
References:Do Carmo, I., Dos Santos, O., Camolas, J., Vieira, J., Carreira, M., Medina, L., Reis, L., Myatt, J. and Galvão-Teles, A. (2008), Overweight and obesity in Portugal: national prevalence in 2003–2005. Obesity Reviews, 9: 11–19. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2007.00422.x
Notes:Occupational activity definitions: A = Directors and other superior staff B = Intellectual and scientific expert C = Medium-level technicians D = Administrative staff and sellers E = Farmers, fishermen, factory-hand men, artisans and other non-qualified workers
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Boys, 2005-2006

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:5-19
Sample size:6903
Area covered:National
References:Carlota Quintal, Joana Oliveira, (2017) "Socioeconomic inequalities in child obesity and overweight in Portugal", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 44 Issue: 10, pp.1377-1389, https://doi-org.plymouth.idm.oclc.org/10.1108/IJSE-11-2015-0291
Notes:IOTF Cut-offs used. Prevalence of Overweight/Obesity by Socioeconomic Status (Monthly/Family Income in Euros)
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2005-2006

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:5-19
Sample size:6903
Area covered:National
References:Carlota Quintal, Joana Oliveira, (2017) "Socioeconomic inequalities in child obesity and overweight in Portugal", International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 44 Issue: 10, pp.1377-1389, https://doi-org.plymouth.idm.oclc.org/10.1108/IJSE-11-2015-0291
Notes:IOTF Cut-offs used. Prevalence of Overweight/Obesity by Socioeconomic Status (Monthly/Family Income in Euros)
Cutoffs:IOTF

Insufficient physical activity

Adults, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Men, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Women, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Children, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Boys, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Girls, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Sugar consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Sugar consumption (Number of 500g sugar portions/person/month)

Estimated per-capita sugar sweetened beverages intake

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International

Prevalence of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
References:World Health Organization. (2017). Adolescent obesity and related behaviours: Trends and inequalities in the who european region, 2002-2014: observations from the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) WHO collaborative cross-national study (J. Inchley, D. Currie, J. Jewel, J. Breda, & V. Barnekow, Eds.). World Health Organization. Sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org
Notes:15-year-old adolescents
Definitions:Prevalence of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption (% of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption)

Prevalence of confectionery consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Prevalence of confectionery consumption (Number of 50g confectionery portions/person/month)

Prevalence of sweet/savoury snack consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Prevalence of sweet/savoury snack consumption (Number of 35g sweet/savoury snack portions/person/month)

Estimated per-capita fruit intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita fruit intake (g/day)

Prevalence of less-than-daily fruit consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
References:Global School-based Student Health Surveys. Beal et al (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287. Sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system
Definitions:Prevalence of less-than-daily fruit consumption (% less-than-daily fruit consumption)

Prevalence of less-than-daily vegetable consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:12-17
References:Beal et al. (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287 sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system
Definitions:Prevalence of less-than-daily vegetable consumption (% less-than-daily vegetable consumption)

Estimated per-capita processed meat intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita processed meat intake (g per day)

Estimated per-capita whole grains intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita whole grains intake (g/day)

Mental health - depression disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with depression disorders

Mental health - anxiety disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with anxiety disorders

Oesophageal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Breast cancer

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, breast, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Colorectal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Pancreatic cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Gallbladder cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Kidney cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Cancer of the uterus

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, cervix uteri, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Raised blood pressure

Adults, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Men, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Women, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Raised cholesterol

Adults, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Men, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Women, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Raised fasting blood glucose

Men, 2014

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Women, 2014

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Diabetes prevalence

Adults, 2017

References:Reproduced with kind permission of IDF, International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas, 8th edition. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation, 2017. http://www.diabetesatlas.org
Definitions:Diabetes age-adjusted comparative prevalence (%).

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