• Overview
  • Obesity prevalence
  • Trends over time
  • Population breakdowns
  • Drivers
  • Comorbidities
  • Policies
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Obesity prevalence

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2013-2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:20-74
Sample size:6164
Area covered:National
References:Stepaniak, U. et al. (2016) 'Prevalence of general and abdominal obesity and overweight among adults in Poland. Results of the WOBASZ II study (2013-2014) and comparison with the WOBASZ study (2003-2005)', Pol Arch Med Wewn, 18; 126(9), pp. 662-671. doi: 10.20452/pamw.3499
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2003-2007

Survey type:Measured
Age:20+
Sample size:14403
Area covered:National
References:Polish Population Review; 27, 2005. Health Status of the Polish population aged over 19 years. Biblioteka Kardiologiczna on 97 2008.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 1997

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-94
References:Unpublished, provided by personal communication to World Obesity Federation'
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2018-2019

Survey type:Measured
Age:5-6
Sample size:1172
Area covered:Regional
References:Matłosz, P., Wyszyńska, J., Asif, M., Szybisty, A., Aslam, M., Mazur, A., & Herbert, J. (2021). Prevalence of Overweight, Obesity, Abdominal Obesity, and Obesity-Related Risk Factors in Polish Preschool Children: A Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of clinical medicine, 10(4), 790. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10040790
Notes:Sample location = Rzeszów
Definitions:For the purpose of this study, children were classified into two groups: (1) "normal weight" (BMI percentile < 85th percentile) and (2) "excess weight" (overweight/obesity) (≥85th percentile)
Cutoffs:CDC

Girls, 2010

Survey type:Measured
Age:3-10
Sample size:1970
Area covered:Regional
References:Kowal, M., Woronkowicz, A., Kryst, Ł, Sobiecki, J., & Pilecki, M. (2016). Sex differences in prevalence of overweight and obesity, and in extent of overweight index, in children and adolescents (3–18 years) from Kraków, Poland in 1983, 2000 and 2010. Public Health Nutrition,19(6), 1035-1046. doi:10.1017/S1368980015002281
Notes:Kraków IOTF BMI cut-offs used Sample size girls only
Cutoffs:IOTF

Boys, 2010

Survey type:Measured
Age:3-12
Sample size:1863
Area covered:Regional
References:Kowal, M., Woronkowicz, A., Kryst, Ł, Sobiecki, J., & Pilecki, M. (2016). Sex differences in prevalence of overweight and obesity, and in extent of overweight index, in children and adolescents (3–18 years) from Kraków, Poland in 1983, 2000 and 2010. Public Health Nutrition, 19 (6), 1035-1046. doi:10.1017/S1368980015002281
Notes:Kraków IOTF BMI cut-offs used Boys sample size only
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2007-2009

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-18
Sample size:17427
Area covered:National
References:Ku&lstrok;aga Z, Grajda A, Gurzkowska B, Wojty&lstrok;o MA, Gó&zacute;d&zacute; M, Litwin MS.The prevalence of overweight and obesity among Polish school- aged children and adolescents [Article in English, Polish]Przegl Epidemiol. 2016;70(4):641-651.
Notes:IOTF International Cut off plus 2 others availalbe
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2000

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-17
Sample size:3911
Area covered:National
References:Chrzanowska M, Koziel S and Ulijaszek SJ. (2007). Changes in BMI and the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents in Cracow, Poland, 1971 - 2000. Economics and Human Biology 5:370 - 378.
Notes:Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 1996

Survey type:Measured
Age:5-17
Sample size:3052
References:Palczewska I, Department of Growth and Development of Children and Youth of the Institute of Mother and Child in Warsaw. Personal communication data re-analysed (Poland)
Notes:IOTF Cut off. Reference: Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 1971

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-17
Sample size:3911
Area covered:National
References:Chrzanowska M, Koziel S and Ulijaszek SJ. (2007). Changes in BMI and the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents in Cracow, Poland, 1971 - 2000. Economics and Human Biology 5:370 - 378.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age and education

Men, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2017 - Education EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2017 - Education EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by education

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Notes:Less than primary, primary and lower secondary education (levels 0-2) Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education (levels 3 and 4) Tertiary education (levels 5-8)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Notes:Less than primary, primary and lower secondary education (levels 0-2) Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education (levels 3 and 4) Tertiary education (levels 5-8)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2008

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/health/health-status-determinants/data/database# (last accessed 17th July 2015)
Notes:Definitions are: levels 0-2 = pre-primary, primary and lower secondary education levels 3-4 = upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education levels 5-6 = first and second stage of tertiary education
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2008

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/health/health-status-determinants/data/database# (last accessed 17th July 2015)
Notes:Definitions are: levels 0-2 = pre-primary, primary and lower secondary education levels 3-4 = upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education levels 5-6 = first and second stage of tertiary education
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2006-2009

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18-74
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT data: ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Overweight_and_obesity_-_BMI_statistics (last accessed 20.5.15)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2006-2009

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18-74
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT data: ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Overweight_and_obesity_-_BMI_statistics (last accessed 20.5.15)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2002-2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:45-69
Sample size:9170
Area covered:Urban areas
References:Pikhart H, Bobak M, Malyutina S, Pajak A, Kubinova R, Marmot M. Obesity and education in three countries of the Central and Eastern Europe: the HAPIEE study. Cent Eur J Public Health. 2007;15:140–142
Notes:Obesity was defined as BMI>30 kg/m2
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2002-2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:45-69
Sample size:9170
Area covered:Urban areas
References:Pikhart H, Bobak M, Malyutina S, Pajak A, Kubinova R, Marmot M. Obesity and education in three countries of the Central and Eastern Europe: the HAPIEE study. Cent Eur J Public Health. 2007;15:140–142
Notes:Obesity was defined as BMI>30 kg/m2
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2012

Survey type:Measured
Age:3-6
Sample size:1430
Area covered:Subnational- Warsaw
References:Manios, Y. et al. (2018). Prevalence and sociodemographic correlates of overweight and obesity in a large Pan-European cohort of preschool children and their families: The ToyBox-study. Nutrition. 55-56 (p), pp.1-7.
Notes:IOTF International cut-offs used. Low Maternal education classed as <14 y of education. Medium/high Maternal education classed as >14 y of education.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Boys, 2007-2010

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-18
Sample size:10950
Area covered:National
References:Gurzkowska B, Ku&lstrok;aga Z, Litwin M, et al. The relationship between selected socioeconomic factors and basic anthropometric parameters of school-aged children and adolescents in Poland. European Journal of Pediatrics. 2014;173(1):45-52. doi:10.1007/s00431-013-2109-1.
Notes:Prevalence of overweight and obesity by Maternal Educational Level. IOTF BMI cut-offs used.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2007-2010

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-18
Sample size:10950
Area covered:National
References:Gurzkowska B, Ku&lstrok;aga Z, Litwin M, et al. The relationship between selected socioeconomic factors and basic anthropometric parameters of school-aged children and adolescents in Poland. European Journal of Pediatrics. 2014;173(1):45-52. doi:10.1007/s00431-013-2109-1.
Notes:Prevalence of overweight and obesity by Maternal Educational Level. IOTF BMI cut-offs used.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2017 - EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2003-2007

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:14403
Area covered:National
References:Personal communication for DYNAMO Project, Dr Broda & Dr Kurjata WOBASZ National Co-ordinators. Polish Population Review;27.,2005 & Health status of the Polish Population aged over 19 yrs. Biblioteka Kardiologiczna no 97 2008
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2017-2018

Survey type:Self-reported
Sample size:5217
Area covered:National
References:World Health Organization (2020). Spotlight on adolescent health and well-being - Findings from the 2017/2018 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey in Europe and Canada. Available at: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/332091/9789289055000-eng.pdf. Last accessed: 20.05.21.
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2007-2009

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:17427
Area covered:National
References:Ku&lstrok;aga Z, Grajda A, Gurzkowska B, Wojty&lstrok;o MA, Gó&zacute;d&zacute; M, Litwin MS.The prevalence of overweight and obesity among Polish school- aged children and adolescents [Article in English, Polish]Przegl Epidemiol. 2016;70(4):641-651.
Notes:IOTF International cut off, also CDC & WHO available
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2001

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:2916
Area covered:National
References:Ma&lstrok;ecka-Tendera E,Klimek K, Matusik P, Olszanecka-Glinianowicz M and Lehingues Y, on behalf of the Polish Childhood Obesity Study Group. Obesity Prevelence in Polish Children. Obesity Research 2005;13:964-968
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by region

Men, 2013-2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:20+
Sample size:6164
Area covered:National
References:Stepaniak, Urszula, et al. “Prevalence of General and Abdominal Obesity and Overweight among Adults in Poland. Results of the WOBASZ II Study (2013–2014) and Comparison with the WOBASZ Study (2003–2005).” Polish Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 126, no. 9, 18 Aug. 2016, pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27535012/, 10.20452/pamw.3499. Accessed 1 June 2021.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2013-2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:20+
Sample size:6164
Area covered:National
References:Stepaniak, Urszula, et al. “Prevalence of General and Abdominal Obesity and Overweight among Adults in Poland. Results of the WOBASZ II Study (2013–2014) and Comparison with the WOBASZ Study (2003–2005).” Polish Archives of Internal Medicine, vol. 126, no. 9, 18 Aug. 2016, pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27535012/, 10.20452/pamw.3499. Accessed 1 June 2021.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Boys, 2008-2009

Survey type:Measured
Age:6-13
Sample size:1499
Area covered:Regional
References:Bac A, Wo?niacka R, Matusik S, Golec J, Golec E. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in children aged 6–13 years¬óalarming increase in obesity in Cracow, Poland. European Journal of Pediatrics. 2012;171(2):245-251. doi:10.1007/s00431-011-1519-1.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2008-2009

Survey type:Measured
Age:6-13
Sample size:1499
Area covered:Regional
References:Bac A, Wo?niacka R, Matusik S, Golec J, Golec E. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in children aged 6–13 years¬óalarming increase in obesity in Cracow, Poland. European Journal of Pediatrics. 2012;171(2):245-251. doi:10.1007/s00431-011-1519-1.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age and region

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by age and socio-economic group

Adults, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by socio-economic group

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:16+
Sample size:25,847
Area covered:National
References:Incomes and living conditions of the population of Poland – report from the EU-SILC survey of 2017. Available at: https://stat.gov.pl/files/gfx/portalinformacyjny/en/defaultaktualnosci/3305/1/10/1/incomes_and_living_conditions_eu-silc_2017.pdf. Last accessed: 03.06.21.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Notes:1st Quintile (lowest income), 5th Quintile (highest income) Please note where data = zero, there were insufficient data.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Notes:1st Quintile (lowest income), 5th Quintile (highest income) Please note where data = zero, there were insufficient data.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2008

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/health/health-status-determinants/data/database# (last accessed 17th July 2015)
Notes:SES assessed by annual income.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2008

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/health/health-status-determinants/data/database# (last accessed 17th July 2015)
Notes:SES assessed by annual income.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Boys, 2017-2018

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:11-15
Sample size:5217
Area covered:National
References:World Health Organization (2020). Spotlight on adolescent health and well-being - Findings from the 2017/2018 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey in Europe and Canada. Available at: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/332091/9789289055000-eng.pdf. Last accessed: 25.05.21.
Notes:HBSC Family Affluence Scale (FAS) - "HBSC uses an alternative measure, the Family Affluence Scale, which asks young people about material assets such as family cars, number of foreign holidays, computers, bathrooms and dishwashers in the household, holidays and having a bedroom to oneself. The scale, which enables users to add up how many of these assets a young person has in their home compared with other adolescents in their country/region, has been shown to provide a valid indicator of relative affluence."
Definitions:HBSC Family Affluence Scale (FAS)
Cutoffs:WHO

Girls, 2017-2018

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:11-15
Sample size:5217
Area covered:National
References:World Health Organization (2020). Spotlight on adolescent health and well-being - Findings from the 2017/2018 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey in Europe and Canada. Available at: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/332091/9789289055000-eng.pdf. Last accessed: 25.05.21.
Notes:HBSC Family Affluence Scale (FAS) - "HBSC uses an alternative measure, the Family Affluence Scale, which asks young people about material assets such as family cars, number of foreign holidays, computers, bathrooms and dishwashers in the household, holidays and having a bedroom to oneself. The scale, which enables users to add up how many of these assets a young person has in their home compared with other adolescents in their country/region, has been shown to provide a valid indicator of relative affluence."
Definitions:HBSC Family Affluence Scale (FAS)
Cutoffs:WHO

Boys, 2007-2010

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-18
Sample size:10950
Area covered:National
References:Gurzkowska B, Ku&lstrok;aga Z, Litwin M, et al. The relationship between selected socioeconomic factors and basic anthropometric parameters of school-aged children and adolescents in Poland. European Journal of Pediatrics. 2014;173(1):45-52. doi:10.1007/s00431-013-2109-1.
Notes:Prevalence of overweight and obesity by Income per capita. IOTF BMI cut-offs used.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2007-2010

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-18
Sample size:10950
Area covered:National
References:Gurzkowska B, Ku&lstrok;aga Z, Litwin M, et al. The relationship between selected socioeconomic factors and basic anthropometric parameters of school-aged children and adolescents in Poland. European Journal of Pediatrics. 2014;173(1):45-52. doi:10.1007/s00431-013-2109-1.
Notes:Prevalence of overweight and obesity by Income per capita. IOTF BMI cut-offs used.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Insufficient physical activity

Adults, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Men, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Women, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Children, 2016

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, https://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893ADO?lang=en (last accessed 16.03.21)
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Boys, 2016

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, https://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893ADO?lang=en (last accessed 16.03.21)
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Girls, 2016

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, https://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893ADO?lang=en (last accessed 16.03.21)
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Children, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Boys, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Girls, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Sugar consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Sugar consumption (Number of 500g sugar portions/person/month)

Estimated per capita sugar sweetened beverages intake

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International

Prevalence of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
References:World Health Organization. (2017). Adolescent obesity and related behaviours: Trends and inequalities in the who european region, 2002-2014: observations from the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) WHO collaborative cross-national study (J. Inchley, D. Currie, J. Jewel, J. Breda, & V. Barnekow, Eds.). World Health Organization. Sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org
Notes:15-year-old adolescents
Definitions:Prevalence of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption (% of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption)

Prevalence of confectionery consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Prevalence of confectionery consumption (Number of 50g confectionery portions/person/month)

Prevalence of sweet/savoury snack consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Prevalence of sweet/savoury snack consumption (Number of 35g sweet/savoury snack portions/person/month)

Estimated per capita fruit intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita fruit intake (g/day)

Prevalence of less than daily fruit consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
References:Global School-based Student Health Surveys. Beal et al (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287. Sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system
Definitions:Prevalence of less-than-daily fruit consumption (% less-than-daily fruit consumption)

Prevalence of less than daily vegetable consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:12-17
References:Beal et al. (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287 sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system
Definitions:Prevalence of less-than-daily vegetable consumption (% less-than-daily vegetable consumption)

Estimated per-capita processed meat intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita processed meat intake (g per day)

Estimated per capita whole grains intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita whole grains intake (g/day)

Mental health - depression disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with depression disorders

Mental health - anxiety disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with anxiety disorders

Oesophageal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Breast cancer

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, breast, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Colorectal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Pancreatic cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Gallbladder cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Kidney cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Cancer of the uterus

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, cervix uteri, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Raised blood pressure

Adults, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Men, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Women, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Raised cholesterol

Adults, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Men, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Women, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Raised fasting blood glucose

Men, 2014

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Women, 2014

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Diabetes prevalence

Adults, 2019

Age:20-79
References:Reproduced with kind permission International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas, 9th edn. Brussels,Belgium: 2019. Available at: https://www.diabetesatlas.org
Definitions:Diabetes age-adjusted comparative prevalence (%).

Adults, 2017

References:Reproduced with kind permission of IDF, International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas, 8th edition. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation, 2017. http://www.diabetesatlas.org
Definitions:Diabetes age-adjusted comparative prevalence (%).

Policies, Interventions and Actions

Trans-fat policy

The content of trans fat, other than trans fat naturally occurring in fat of animal origin, in food intended for the final consumer and food intended for supply to retail, shall not exceed 2 grams per 100 grams of fat.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2021 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:The content of trans fat, other than trans fat naturally occurring in fat of animal origin, in food intended for the final consumer and food intended for supply to retail, shall not exceed 2 grams per 100 grams of fat.
Find out more:extranet.who.int
References:Countdown to 2023: WHO report on global trans-fat elimination 2020. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2020. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO

Adoption of regulations aimed at limiting consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (Discussion)

Position of the National Consultant in the field of Public Health on launching a discussion on the adoption of regulations aimed at limiting the consumption of high-sugar products, including beverages

Categories (partial):Taxation/Subsidies on Food or Beverages or law relating to public health
Year(s):2020 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Find out more:www.gov.pl
Linked document:Download linked document

Healthy eating recommendations: Plate of Healthy Eating (Polish: Zalecenia zdrowego żywienia: Talerz zdrowego żywienia).

Poland published the current version of its dietary guidelines for general the population in 2020.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2020 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:National Institute of Public Health
References:http://www.fao.org/nutrition/education/food-dietary-guidelines/regions/countries/poland/en/

Sugar tax levy

In August 2020, legislation was passed which placed a levy/tax on beverages containing sugar, caffeine or taurine & some alcoholic beverages. The sugar tax is a fixed rate levied in manufacturing and retail.

Categories:Taxation/Subsidies on Food or Beverages or law relating to public health
Year(s):2020 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
References:https://home.kpmg/us/en/home/insights/2020/08/tnf-poland-sugar-tax-on-beverages-legislation-enacted.html

Sugar, obesity - consequence

Report (in Polish) by the National Health Fund on behalf of the Ministry of Health

Categories (partial):Labelling Regulation/Guidelines
Year(s):2019 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:National Health Fund, Ministry of Health
Find out more:www.gov.pl
Linked document:Download linked document

Health Employer

Programme for improving health and wellbeing of employees. Employers can apply for certification

Categories:Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2018 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Find out more:www.gov.pl

School Fruit, Vegetables and Milk Scheme

"Applicable since 1 August 2017, the EU school fruit, vegetables and milk scheme combines two previous schemes (the school fruit and vegetables scheme and the school milk scheme) under a single legal framework for more efficiency and an enhanced focus on health and educational. The scheme supports the distribution of products, educational measures and information measures. The scheme supports the distribution of fruit, vegetables, milk and certain milk products to schoolchildren, from nursery to secondary school. EU countries approve a list of products (in collaboration with their health and nutrition authorities) which will help achieve the schemes objective of helping children to follow a healthy diet. Priority is for fresh fruit and vegetables and for plain milk. In order to support a varied diet and/or specific nutritional needs, EU countries may also make processed fruit and vegetables such as juices and soups and certain milk products such as yoghurt and cheese, available. Additionally, under stricter conditions, milk-based drinks may be included." - EU Commission

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2017 (ongoing)
Organisation:European Commission
Find out more:ec.europa.eu
References:https://ec.europa.eu/info/food-farming-fisheries/key-policies/common-agricultural-policy/market-measures/school-fruit-vegetables-and-milk-scheme/school-scheme-explained_en

EU nutrient content lists

Passed in 2011, EU Regulation 1169/2011 on the Provision of Food Information to Consumers requires a list of the nutrient content of most pre-packaged food to be provided on the back of the pack from 13 December 2016.

Categories:Labelling Regulation/Guidelines
Year(s):2016 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:European Commission
Find out more:eur-lex.europa.eu

National Health Program for 2016-2020

National health program aiming to improve the diet, nutritional status and physical activity of the society.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2016-2020
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Legal Journal of the Government of Poland
Find out more:dziennikustaw.gov.pl
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Information provided with kind permission of GINA (Global database on the Implementation of Nutrition Action) https://extranet.who.int/nutrition/gina/sites/default/files/POL%202016%20National%20Health%20Policy%202016-2020.pdf.

National Program for Combating Cancer Diseases

Categories:Evidence of NCD strategy
Categories (partial):Evidence of National Obesity Strategy/Policy or Action plan
Year(s):2016-2024
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Find out more:isap.sejm.gov.pl

Sport Development Programme 2020

The vision set out in the Programme, to be implemented through strategic sport activities, is a society with a well-developed habit of practicing physical activity with sufficient frequency and intensity to enjoy a healthy and longer life.

Categories:Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2015 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Sport and Tourism
Find out more:en.msport.gov.pl
Linked document:Download linked document

Act on Food and Nutrition Safety

The Polish Act on Food and Nutrition Safety was updated in 2014 to include mandatory nutritional standards for food in schools. The amendment also set restrictions on advertisement and promotional activity in schools.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2014 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
References:http://extwprlegs1.fao.org/docs/pdf/pol113724.pdf (document in Polish)

European Union (EU) Action Plan on Childhood Obesity 2014-2020

EU Action plan. To contribute to halting the rise in overweight and obesity in children and young people (0-18 years) by 2020

Categories:Transnational Obesity Strategies/Policy or Action Plan
Year(s):2014-2020
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Find out more:ec.europa.eu
Linked document:Download linked document
References:EU Action Plan on Childhood Table of contents [Internet]. Available from: https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/nutrition_physical_activity/docs/childhoodobesity_actionplan_2014_2020_en.pdf &amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;amp;zwnj;

Stop abstention from PE classes (Stop zwolnieniom z wf)

The main goal of this campaign is to promote physical activity among schoolchildren and adolescents and to encourage them to attend physical education (PE) classes at school.

Categories:Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2013 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Ministry of Sport and Tourism
Find out more:www.msport.gov.pl
Linked document:Download linked document
References:WHO Europe

Principles of healthy eating for aduts

These principles of healthy eating were developed and endorsed by the National Food and Nutrition Institute in collaboration with the Ministry of Health

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2010 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults
Organisation:National Food and Nutrition Institute, Ministry of Health
Find out more:www.fao.org
Linked document:Download linked document

Principles of healthy eating for children and adolescents

These principles of healthy eating were developed and endorsed by the National Food and Nutrition Institute in collaboration with the Ministry of Health

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2009 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Organisation:National Food and Nutrition Institute, Ministry of Health
Find out more:www.fao.org
Linked document:Download linked document

The Choices Programme

The Choices Programme is a global, front-of-pack initiative designed to help consumers to easily select healthy food options and to help industry to improve their products. Regional product criteria have been developed for Europe. These are being used in Poland (with a slight deviation) and the Czech Republic.

Categories:Labelling Regulation/Guidelines
Year(s):2008 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:The Choices International Foundation
Find out more:www.wiemcowybieram.pl
References:The Choices International Foundation. http://www.choicesprogramme.org/ (last accessed 10 Feb 2016)

Wiem, co Wybieram

It is a food labeling program whose main goal is precisely to make it easier for consumers to choose food products. The logo Wiem, co Wybieram placed on the packaging makes it easier to choose products that can become part of a well-balanced diet. The second, very important goal of the Wiem, co Wybieram Program is to encourage food producers to review and change their recipes in order to offer consumers products in accordance with international nutritional recommendations. The program is open to all food producers operating on the Polish market whose products meet the qualifying criteria. Wiem, co Wybieram is part of the International CHOICES Program, introduced in many countries around the world.

Categories:Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2008 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Find out more:www.zywienieczlowieka.pl

National Health Programme 2007-2015 (Narodowy Program Zdrowia na lata 2007-2015)

National Health Programme - document in Polish

Categories (partial):Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2007-2015
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Council of Ministers
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Information provided with kind permission of HEPA Europe (European network for the promotion of health-enhancing physical activity): http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/disease-prevention/physical-activity/activities/hepa-europe

National programme for the prevention of overweight, obesity and non-communicable diseases through diet and improved physical activity 2007-2016

The programme is carried out in cooperation with the Polish Platform for Action on Diet, Physical Activity and Health, which was established in July 2005 with a particular focus on counteracting and preventing overweight, obesity and other diet-related diseases. The National Programme aims to reduce the incidence of overweight and obesity mainly by improving nutrition and increase of physical activity, reduce morbidity, and mortality from chronic non-communicable diseases, but does not refer to marketing to children.

Categories (partial):Evidence of National Obesity Strategy/Policy or Action plan
Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2007-2016
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Find out more:www.mz.gov.pl
Linked document:Download linked document

EU health and nutrient claims regulation

Regulation nº 1924/2006 establishes EU-wide rules on the use of specified health and nutrient claims. The European Commission approves claims provided they are based on scientific evidence and accessible consumers. The European Food Safety Authority is responsible for evaluating the scientific evidence supporting health claims. Nutrition claims may only be used on food defined as "healthy" by a nutrient profile.

Categories:Labelling Regulation/Guidelines
Year(s):2006 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:European Commission
Linked document:Download linked document
References:https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/en/ALL/?uri=CELEX%3A32006R1924

Marketing legislation act

"The existing legislation related to advertising aimed at children comprises the Act of 23 August 2007 on combating unfair commercial practices and the Broadcasting Act of 29 December 1992. Article 9 of the former stipulates that: “In all circumstances, the following aggressive commercial practices shall be regarded as unfair commercial practices: including in an advertisement a direct exhortation to children to buy advertised products or persuade their parents or other adults to buy advertised products for them”. On 8 July 2010, the Federation of Food Producers created a voluntary code of food advertising to children, based on the solutions contained in the EU pledge. The code prohibits advertising of food in the media when more than 50% of the audience consists of children aged under 12 years. In addition, the code does not allow the advertising of food in primary schools. Restrictions on the advertising of food products do not apply to products that meet specific nutritional criteria based on accepted and documented scientific evidence and/ or national and international dietary recommendations." - WHO

Categories:Evidence of Marketing Guidelines/Policy
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Polish Government
References:https://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/155436/e96047.pdf

Standards of Food Advertising targeting Children

In 2015, a self-regulatory code was published by the Broadcasters and the National Broadcasting Council of Poland (KRRiT). This self-regulatory code - “Standards of Food Advertising targeting Children” - was an adaptation of the EU pledge. The code applies to broadcasters and advertisers and prohibits the advertisement/marketing of unhealthy food and drink to children under the age of 12.

Categories:Evidence of Marketing Guidelines/Policy
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Polish Federation of Food Industry
Linked document:Download linked document

No actions could be found for the above criteria.

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