• Overview
  • Obesity prevalence
  • Trends over time
  • Population breakdowns
  • Drivers
  • Comorbidities
  • Economic impact
  • Policies
  • Contextual factors
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Obesity prevalence

Women, 2022

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:35787
Area covered:National
References:Perú: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar 2022 - Nacional y Departamental. Available at https://www.gob.pe/institucion/inei/informes-publicaciones/4233597-peru-encuesta-demografica-y-de-salud-familiar-endes-2022
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2020

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:21362
Area covered:National
References:INEI (2021) Peru Encuesta Demografica y de Salud Familiar Endes 2020. Available at https://www.inei.gob.pe/media/MenuRecursivo/publicaciones_digitales/Est/Lib1795/ (last accessed 28.03.23)
Notes:This appears measured but took place during COVID 19 and may have included telephone survey responses
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2017-2018

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-59
Sample size:1084
Area covered:National
References:Informe Técnico de la Vigilancia Alimentaria Nutricional por Etapas de Vida: Adultos. MINISTERIO DE SALUD DEL PERÚ Available at https://web.ins.gob.pe/sites/default/files/Archivos/cenan/van/sala_nutricional/sala_3/2021/Informe%20Tecnico-%20Estado%20nutricional%20en%20adultos%20de%2018%20a%2059%20a%C3%B1os%2CVIANEV%202017-2018.pdf (last accessed 12.04.23)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:23495
Area covered:National
References:Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática - INE/Perú. 2015. Perú Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar - ENDES 2014. Lima, Perú: INEI/Perú.
Notes:Demographic Health Survey data includes ever married women aged 15-49 years only and may include males aged 15-59.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:21700
Area covered:National
References:Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática - INEI/Perú. 2014. Perú Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar - ENDES 2013. Lima, Perú: INEI/Peru.
Notes:Demographic Health Survey data includes ever married women aged 15-49 years only and may include males aged 15-59.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2012

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:22866
Area covered:National
References:Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática - INEI/Perú. 2013. Perú Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar - ENDES 2012. Lima, Perú: INEI/Peru.
Notes:Demographic Health Survey data includes ever married women aged 15-49 years only and may include males aged 15-59.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2012-2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:20+
Sample size:20535
Area covered:National
References:Pajuelo, Jaime & Torres, Harold & Rebatta, Fernando & Zamora, Rosa. (2019). Obesidad no morbida y morbida del adulto en el Perú, 1975 - 2013. Anales de la Facultad de Medicina. 80. 317-21. 10.15381/anales.803.16851.
Notes:NB. Combined adult data estimated. These estimates were calculated by weighting male and female survey results. Weighting based on World Bank Population % total female 2019 (https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL.FE.ZS - accessed 21.10.20)'
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2007-2008

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:20192
Area covered:National
References:Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática - INEI/Peru and ORC Macro. 2009. Perú Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar - ENDES 2007-2008. Lima, Perú: INEI/Peru and ORC Macro.
Notes:Demographic Health Survey data includes ever married women aged 15-49 years only and may include males aged 15-59.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2000

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:8372
Area covered:National
References:Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informática - INEI/Perú and Macro International. 2001. Perú Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar 2000. Lima, Perú: INEI/Perú and Macro International.
Notes:Demographic Health Survey data includes ever married women aged 15-49 years only and may include males aged 15-59.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 1998-2000

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-59
Sample size:2337
Area covered:National
References:Jacoby E, Goldstein J, Lopez A, Nunez E and Lopez T. (2003). Social class, family and life-style factors associated with overweight and obesity among adults in Peruvian cities. Reventative Medicine, 37: 396 - 405.
Notes:NB. Combined adult data estimated. These estimates were calculated by weighting male and female survey results. Weighting based on World Bank Population % total female 2019 (https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL.FE.ZS - accessed 19.10.20)'
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 1992

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:5200
References:Martorell R, Khan LK, Hughes ML, Grummer Strawn LM. Obesity in women from developing countries. EJCN (2000) 54;247-252
Notes:The data from this paper was sourced from the Demographic Health Survey Programme https://dhsprogram.com/ Central Statistical Office and Macro International. Calverton, Maryland, USA
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2013-2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:5-13
Sample size:2801
Area covered:National
References:Carolina Tarqui-Mamani, Doris Alvarez-Dongo, Paula Espinoza-Oriundo. Prevalence and factors associated with overweight and obesity in Peruvian primary school children. Rev. salud pública 20 (2) Mar-Apr 2018 ¬ï https://doi.org/10.15446/rsap.V20n2.68082
Notes:WHO Cut off Used
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2010

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:13-15
Sample size:2882
Area covered:National
References:Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS), available at https://www.who.int/ncds/surveillance/gshs/2010_GSHS_FS_Peru.pdf?ua=1 (last accessed 25.11.20)
Notes:WHO cutoffs.
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2009

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-8
Sample size:1737
Area covered:National
References:Preston EC, Ariana P, Penny ME, Frost M, Plugge E. Prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity and associated factors in Peru. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2015;38(6):472-8
Notes:Prevalence of overweight and obesity by Maternal Education. Prevalence of overweight and obesity was assessed using body mass index-for age Z-scores. The 2007 World Health Organization (WHO) international growth reference curves for children 5–19 years of age described by De Onis were used to compare children of the same age and gender. “Overweight” and “Obese” variables were defined as BMI-for-age Z-scores of ≥ 1 and ≥ 2, respectively.
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2002

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-8
Sample size:710
References:Carrillo-Larco RM, Miranda JJ, Bernabe-Ortiz A. Wealth index and risk of childhood overweight and obesity: evidence from four prospective cohorts in Peru and Vietnam. Int J Public Health, 2015 Nov 24.
Notes:IOTF Cut-off
Cutoffs:IOTF

Infants, 2021

Age:0-5
Sample size:7678
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2021 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2020-2021

Age:0-5
Sample size:6203
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2020 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2019

Age:0-5
Sample size:8291
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2019 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2018

Age:0-5
Sample size:8839
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2018 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2017

Age:0-5
Sample size:9262
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2017 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2016

Age:0-5
Sample size:10517
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2016 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2015

Age:0-5
Sample size:11080
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2015 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2014

Age:0-5
Sample size:9117
References:CDHS: Perú Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar - ENDES 2014. Lima, Perú: INEI/Perú.
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2013

Age:0-5
Sample size:8259
References:CDHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar - ENDES continua 2013. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru: INEI, 2014.
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2012

Age:0-5
Sample size:9175
References:CDHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar - ENDES continua 2012. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru: INEI, USAID y ORC Macro, 2013
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2011

Age:0-5
Sample size:8850
References:CDHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar - ENDES continua 2011. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru: INEI, USAID y ORC Macro, 2012
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Girls, 2011

Age:0-5
Sample size:8851
References:CDHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar - ENDES continua 2011. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru: INEI, USAID y ORC Macro, 2012
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2011-2012

Age:0-5
Sample size:1999573
References:Other: Monitoreo de Indicadores Nutricionales en la Encuesta Nacional de Hogares, Peru 2011 y 2012
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2010

Age:0-5
Sample size:8682
References:CDHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar - ENDES continua 2010. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru: INEI, USAID y ORC Macro, 2011
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2009

Age:0-5
Sample size:9129
References:CDHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar - ENDES continua 2009. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru: INEI, USAID y ORC Macro, 2010
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2009-2011

Age:0-5
Sample size:2465357
References:Other: Monitoreo de Indicadores Nutricionales en la Encuesta Nacional de Hogares 2009 y 2011
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2007-2008

Age:0-5
Sample size:7818
References:CDHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar. Informe principal: ENDES continua 2007-2008. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru: INEI, USAID y ORC Macro, 2009
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2005

Age:0-5
Sample size:1889
References:CDHS: Perú Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar - ENDES Continua 2005. Lima, Perú: INEI/Peru and ORC Macro
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2000

Age:0-5
Sample size:10514
References:DHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar 2000. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru and Calverton, Maryland, USA: Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informacion y ORC Macro, 2001
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Girls, 2000

Age:0-5
Sample size:10515
References:DHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar 2000. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru and Calverton, Maryland, USA: Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informacion y ORC Macro, 2001
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 1996

Age:0-5
Sample size:13513
References:DHS: Peru demographic and health survey 1996. Demographic and Health Surveys. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informacion. Lima, Peru, 1997
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 1991-1992

Age:0-5
Sample size:7098
References:DHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar 1991/1992. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru, 1992
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Overweight/obesity by education

Women, 2020

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:21362
Area covered:National
References:INEI (2021) Peru Encuesta Demografica y de Salud Familiar Endes 2020. Available at https://www.inei.gob.pe/media/MenuRecursivo/publicaciones_digitales/Est/Lib1795/ (last accessed 28.03.23
Notes:Some self report data may have been included due to COVID 19 pandemic
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:23497
Area covered:National
References:Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática - INE/Perú. 2015. Perú Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar - ENDES 2014. Lima, Perú: INEI/Perú.
Notes:Demographic Health Survey data includes ever married women aged 15-49 years only and may include males aged 15-59.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2008

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:22151
Area covered:National
References:Poterico JA, Stanojevic S, Ruiz P, Bernabe-Ortiz A, Miranda JJ. The Association between Socioeconomic Status and Obesity in Peruvian Women. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md). 2012;20(11):2283-2289. doi:10.1038/oby.2011.288.
Notes:Education level, based on the number of years of education attained, was categorized separately into quartiles for rural and urban areas, and merged into a single variable.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2013-2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:5-13
Sample size:2801
Area covered:National
References:Carolina Tarqui-Mamani, Doris Alvarez-Dongo, Paula Espinoza-Oriundo. Prevalence and factors associated with overweight and obesity in Peruvian primary school children. Rev. salud pública 20 (2) Mar-Apr 2018 ¬ï https://doi.org/10.15446/rsap.V20n2.68082
Notes:WHO Cut Off Points Used Education based on Parental educational status
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2009

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-8
Sample size:1737
Area covered:National
References:Preston EC, Ariana P, Penny ME, Frost M, Plugge E. Prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity and associated factors in Peru. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2015;38(6):472-8
Notes:Prevalence of overweight and obesity by Maternal Education. Prevalence of overweight and obesity was assessed using body mass index-for age Z-scores. The 2007 World Health Organization (WHO) international growth reference curves for children 5–19 years of age described by De Onis were used to compare children of the same age and gender. “Overweight” and “Obese” variables were defined as BMI-for-age Z-scores of ≥ 1 and ≥ 2, respectively.
Cutoffs:WHO

Infants, 2021

Sample size:7678
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2021 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2020-2021

Sample size:6203
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2020 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2019

Sample size:8291
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2019 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2018

Sample size:8839
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2018 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2017

Sample size:9262
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2017 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2016

Sample size:10517
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2016 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2015

Sample size:11080
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2015 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2014

Sample size:9117
References:CDHS: Perú Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar - ENDES 2014. Lima, Perú: INEI/Perú.
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2013

Sample size:8259
References:CDHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar - ENDES continua 2013. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru: INEI, 2014.
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2012

Sample size:9175
References:CDHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar - ENDES continua 2012. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru: INEI, USAID y ORC Macro, 2013
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2011

Sample size:8850
References:CDHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar - ENDES continua 2011. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru: INEI, USAID y ORC Macro, 2012
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2010

Sample size:8682
References:CDHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar - ENDES continua 2010. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru: INEI, USAID y ORC Macro, 2011
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2009

Sample size:9129
References:CDHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar - ENDES continua 2009. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru: INEI, USAID y ORC Macro, 2010
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2007-2008

Sample size:7818
References:CDHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar. Informe principal: ENDES continua 2007-2008. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru: INEI, USAID y ORC Macro, 2009
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2005

Sample size:1889
References:CDHS: Perú Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar - ENDES Continua 2005. Lima, Perú: INEI/Peru and ORC Macro
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2000

Sample size:10514
References:DHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar 2000. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru and Calverton, Maryland, USA: Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informacion y ORC Macro, 2001
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 1996

Sample size:13513
References:DHS: Peru demographic and health survey 1996. Demographic and Health Surveys. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informacion. Lima, Peru, 1997
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 1991-1992

Sample size:7098
References:DHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar 1991/1992. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru, 1992
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Overweight/obesity by age

Women, 2020

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:21362
Area covered:National
References:INEI (2021) Peru Encuesta Demografica y de Salud Familiar Endes 2020. Available at https://www.inei.gob.pe/media/MenuRecursivo/publicaciones_digitales/Est/Lib1795/ (last accessed 28.03.23
Notes:Possibiility of some self report data included as collated during COVID 19 Pandemic
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2017-2018

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:1084
Area covered:National
References:Informe Técnico de la Vigilancia Alimentaria Nutricional por Etapas de Vida: Adultos. MINISTERIO DE SALUD DEL PERÚ Available at https://web.ins.gob.pe/sites/default/files/Archivos/cenan/van/sala_nutricional/sala_3/2021/Informe%20Tecnico-%20Estado%20nutricional%20en%20adultos%20de%2018%20a%2059%20a%C3%B1os%2CVIANEV%202017-2018.pdf (last accessed 12.04.23)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:23497
Area covered:National
References:Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática - INE/Perú. 2015. Perú Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar - ENDES 2014. Lima, Perú: INEI/Perú
Notes:Demographic Health Survey data includes ever married women aged 15-49 years only and may include males aged 15-59.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2012-2013

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:20535
Area covered:National
References:Pajuelo, Jaime & Torres, Harold & Rebatta, Fernando & Zamora, Rosa. (2019). Obesidad no morbida y morbida del adulto en el Perú, 1975 - 2013. Anales de la Facultad de Medicina. 80. 317-21. 10.15381/anales.803.16851.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2013-2014

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:2801
Area covered:National
References:Carolina Tarqui-Mamani, Doris Alvarez-Dongo, Paula Espinoza-Oriundo. Prevalence and factors associated with overweight and obesity in Peruvian primary school children. Rev. salud pública 20 (2) Mar-Apr 2018 • https://doi.org/10.15446/rsap.V20n2.68082
Notes:WHO Cut Off Points Used
Cutoffs:WHO

Overweight/obesity by region

Women, 2022

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:35787
Area covered:National
References:Perú: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar 2022 - Nacional y Departamental. Available at https://www.gob.pe/institucion/inei/informes-publicaciones/4233597-peru-encuesta-demografica-y-de-salud-familiar-endes-2022
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2017-2018

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-59
Sample size:1084
Area covered:National
References:Informe Técnico de la Vigilancia Alimentaria Nutricional por Etapas de Vida: Adultos. MINISTERIO DE SALUD DEL PERÚ Available at https://web.ins.gob.pe/sites/default/files/Archivos/cenan/van/sala_nutricional/sala_3/2021/Informe%20Tecnico-%20Estado%20nutricional%20en%20adultos%20de%2018%20a%2059%20a%C3%B1os%2CVIANEV%202017-2018.pdf (last accessed 13.04.23)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:23497
Area covered:National
References:Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática - INE/Perú. 2015. Perú Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar - ENDES 2014. Lima, Perú: INEI/Perú.
Notes:Demographic Health Survey data includes ever married women aged 15-49 years only and may include males aged 15-59.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:23497
Area covered:National
References:Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática - INE/Perú. 2015. Perú Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar - ENDES 2014. Lima, Perú: INEI/Perú.
Notes:Demographic Health Survey data includes ever married women aged 15-49 years only and may include males aged 15-59.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2012-2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:20+
Sample size:20535
Area covered:National
References:Pajuelo, Jaime & Torres, Harold & Rebatta, Fernando & Zamora, Rosa. (2019). Obesidad no morbida y morbida del adulto en el Perú, 1975 - 2013. Anales de la Facultad de Medicina. 80. 317-21. 10.15381/anales.803.16851.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2008

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:22151
Area covered:National
References:Poterico JA, Stanojevic S, Ruiz P, Bernabe-Ortiz A, Miranda JJ. The Association between Socioeconomic Status and Obesity in Peruvian Women. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md). 2012;20(11):2283-2289. doi:10.1038/oby.2011.288.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2013-2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:5-13
Sample size:2801
Area covered:National
References:Carolina Tarqui-Mamani, Doris Alvarez-Dongo, Paula Espinoza-Oriundo. Prevalence and factors associated with overweight and obesity in Peruvian primary school children. Rev. salud pública 20 (2) Mar-Apr 2018 • https://doi.org/10.15446/rsap.V20n2.68082
Notes:WHO Cut Off Points Used
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2009

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-8
Sample size:1737
Area covered:National
References:Preston EC, Ariana P, Penny ME, Frost M, Plugge E. Prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity and associated factors in Peru. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2015;38(6):472-8
Notes:Prevalence of overweight and obesity by Maternal Education. Prevalence of overweight and obesity was assessed using body mass index-for age Z-scores. The 2007 World Health Organization (WHO) international growth reference curves for children 5–19 years of age described by De Onis were used to compare children of the same age and gender. “Overweight” and “Obese” variables were defined as BMI-for-age Z-scores of ≥ 1 and ≥ 2, respectively.
Cutoffs:WHO

Infants, 2021

Sample size:7678
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2021 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2020-2021

Sample size:6203
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2020 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2019

Sample size:8291
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2019 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2018

Sample size:8839
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2018 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2017

Sample size:9262
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2017 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2016

Sample size:10517
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2016 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2015

Sample size:11080
References:DHS-Style: Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar-ENDES 2015 Nacional y Departamental
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2014

Sample size:9117
References:CDHS: Perú Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar - ENDES 2014. Lima, Perú: INEI/Perú.
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2013

Sample size:8259
References:CDHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar - ENDES continua 2013. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru: INEI, 2014.
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2012

Sample size:9175
References:CDHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar - ENDES continua 2012. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru: INEI, USAID y ORC Macro, 2013
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2011

Sample size:8850
References:CDHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar - ENDES continua 2011. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru: INEI, USAID y ORC Macro, 2012
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2011-2012

Sample size:1999573
References:Other: Monitoreo de Indicadores Nutricionales en la Encuesta Nacional de Hogares, Peru 2011 y 2012
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2010

Sample size:8682
References:CDHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar - ENDES continua 2010. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru: INEI, USAID y ORC Macro, 2011
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2009

Sample size:9129
References:CDHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar - ENDES continua 2009. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru: INEI, USAID y ORC Macro, 2010
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2009-2011

Sample size:2465357
References:Other: Monitoreo de Indicadores Nutricionales en la Encuesta Nacional de Hogares 2009 y 2011
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2007-2008

Sample size:7818
References:CDHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar. Informe principal: ENDES continua 2007-2008. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru: INEI, USAID y ORC Macro, 2009
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2005

Sample size:1889
References:CDHS: Perú Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar - ENDES Continua 2005. Lima, Perú: INEI/Peru and ORC Macro
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD

Infants, 2000

Sample size:10514
References:DHS: Encuesta demografica y de salud familiar 2000. Demographic and Health Surveys. Lima, Peru and Calverton, Maryland, USA: Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informacion y ORC Macro, 2001
Notes:UNICEF/WHO/World Bank Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates Expanded Database: Overweight (Survey Estimates), May 2023, New York. For more information about the methodology, please consult https://data.unicef.org/resources/jme-2023-country-consultations/
Definitions:=>+SD