• Overview
  • Obesity prevalence
  • Trends over time
  • Population breakdowns
  • Drivers
  • Comorbidities
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Obesity prevalence

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:3314
Area covered:National
References:National Centre for Public Health (2017). Nutrition status of the population of Mongolia. Fifth National Nutrition Survey. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Available at https://www.unicef.org/mongolia/reports/fifth-national-nutrition-survey-report (accessed 20.04.2020)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-64
Sample size:5119
Area covered:National
References:Chimeddamba O, Gearon E, Stevenson C et al. Trends in Adult Overweight and Obesity Prevalence in Mongolica 2005-2013. Obesity 2016;24(10):2194-2201
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2009

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-64
Sample size:5314
Area covered:National
References:Mongolian STEPS Survey on the Prevalence of Non-communicable Disease and Injury Risk Factors - 2009
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-64
Sample size:3411
Area covered:National
References:Mongolian STEPS Survey on the prevalence of noncommunicable disease risk factors 2006
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 1999

Survey type:Measured
Age:35+
Sample size:2996
References:WHO Infobase
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-4
Sample size:3404
Area covered:National
References:Mongolia MICS 2013 Survey - data analysed by R Jackson Leach, F Montague World Obesity Federation using monthly IOTF Cut offs
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2013

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:13-17
References:Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS), available at https://www.cdc.gov/gshs/countries/index.htm (last accessed 28.04.20)
Notes:WHO cutoffs.
Cutoffs:WHO

Overweight/obesity by education

Men, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:3314
Area covered:National
References:National Centre for Public Health (2017). Nutrition status of the population of Mongolia. Fifth National Nutrition Survey. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Available at https://www.unicef.org/mongolia/reports/fifth-national-nutrition-survey-report (accessed 20.04.2020)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:3314
Area covered:National
References:National Centre for Public Health (2017). Nutrition status of the population of Mongolia. Fifth National Nutrition Survey. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Available at https://www.unicef.org/mongolia/reports/fifth-national-nutrition-survey-report (accessed 20.04.2020)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Boys, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-4
Sample size:3404
Area covered:National
References:Mongolia MICS 2013 Survey - data analysed by R Jackson Leach, F Montague. World Obesity Federation
Notes:IOTF monthly cut offs
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-4
Sample size:3404
Area covered:National
References:Mongolia MICS 2013 Survey - data analysed by R Jackson Leach, F Montague. World Obesity Federation
Notes:IOTF monthly cut offs
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age

Adults, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:5119
Area covered:National
References:Chimeddamba O, Gearon E, Stevenson C et al. Trends in Adult Overweight and Obesity Prevalence in Mongolica 2005-2013. Obesity 2016;24(10):2194-2201
Notes:STEPS protocol
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2009

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:5314
Area covered:National
References:Mongolian STEPS Survey on the Prevalence of Non-communicable Disease and Injury Risk Factors - 2009
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:3404
Area covered:National
References:Mongolia MICS 2013 Survey - data analysed by R Jackson Leach, F Montague. World Obesity Federation
Notes:IOTF monthly cut offs
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by region

Men, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:3314
Area covered:National
References:National Centre for Public Health (2017). Nutrition status of the population of Mongolia. Fifth National Nutrition Survey. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Available at https://www.unicef.org/mongolia/reports/fifth-national-nutrition-survey-report (accessed 20.04.2020)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:3314
Area covered:National
References:National Centre for Public Health (2017). Nutrition status of the population of Mongolia. Fifth National Nutrition Survey. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Available at https://www.unicef.org/mongolia/reports/fifth-national-nutrition-survey-report (accessed 20.04.2020)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2009

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-64
Sample size:5314
Area covered:National
References:Mongolian STEPS Survey on the Prevalence of Non-communicable Disease and Injury Risk Factors - 2009
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2009

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-64
Sample size:5314
Area covered:National
References:Mongolian STEPS Survey on the Prevalence of Non-communicable Disease and Injury Risk Factors - 2009
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-64
Sample size:3411
Area covered:National
References:Mongolian STEPS Survey on the Prevalence of Non-communicable Disease Risk Factors 2006
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-64
Sample size:3411
Area covered:National
References:Mongolian STEPS Survey on the Prevalence of Non-communicable Disease Risk Factors 2006
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Boys, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-4
Sample size:3404
Area covered:National
References:Mongolia MICS 2013 Survey - data analysed by R Jackson Leach, F Montague. World Obesity Federation
Notes:IOTF monthly cut offs
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-4
Sample size:3404
Area covered:National
References:Mongolia MICS 2013 Survey - data analysed by R Jackson Leach, F Montague. World Obesity Federation
Notes:IOTF monthly cut offs
Cutoffs:IOTF

Boys, 2010

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:13-15
Sample size:5238
Area covered:National
References:Global School based Student Health Survey - https://www.who.int/ncds/surveillance/gshs/factsheets/en/
Notes:Overweight > +1 SD, < +2SD for BMI by age and sex Obesity > + 2SD Obese for BMI by age and sex
Cutoffs:WHO

Girls, 2010

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:13-15
Sample size:5238
Area covered:National
References:Global School based Student Health Survey - https://www.who.int/ncds/surveillance/gshs/factsheets/en/
Notes:Overweight > +1 SD, < +2SD for BMI by age and sex Obesity > + 2SD Obese for BMI by age and sex
Cutoffs:WHO

Overweight/obesity by socio-economic group

Men, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:3314
Area covered:National
References:National Centre for Public Health (2017). Nutrition status of the population of Mongolia. Fifth National Nutrition Survey. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Available at https://www.unicef.org/mongolia/reports/fifth-national-nutrition-survey-report (accessed 20.04.2020)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:3314
Area covered:National
References:National Centre for Public Health (2017). Nutrition status of the population of Mongolia. Fifth National Nutrition Survey. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Available at https://www.unicef.org/mongolia/reports/fifth-national-nutrition-survey-report (accessed 20.04.2020)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Boys, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-4
Sample size:3404
Area covered:National
References:Mongolia MICS 2013 Survey - data analysed by R Jackson Leach, F Montague. World Obesity Federation
Notes:IOTF monthly cut offs
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-4
Sample size:3404
Area covered:National
References:Mongolia MICS 2013 Survey - data analysed by R Jackson Leach, F Montague. World Obesity Federation
Notes:IOTF monthly cut offs
Cutoffs:IOTF

Insufficient physical activity

Adults, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Men, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Women, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Children, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Boys, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Girls, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Average daily frequency of carbonated soft drink consumption

Children, 2010-2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:12-17
References:Beal et al. (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287 sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system

Estimated per-capita fruit intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita fruit intake (g/day)

Prevalence of less-than-daily fruit consumption

Children, 2010-2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:12-17
References:Global School-based Student Health Surveys. Beal et al (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287. Sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system
Definitions:Prevalence of less-than-daily fruit consumption (% less-than-daily fruit consumption)

Prevalence of less-than-daily vegetable consumption

Children, 2010-2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:12-17
References:Beal et al. (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287 sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system
Definitions:Prevalence of less-than-daily vegetable consumption (% less-than-daily vegetable consumption)

Average weekly frequency of fast food consumption

Children, 2010-2015

Age:12-17
References:Beal et al. (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287 sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system

Estimated per-capita processed meat intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita processed meat intake (g per day)

Estimated per-capita whole grains intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita whole grains intake (g/day)

Mental health - depression disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with depression disorders

Mental health - anxiety disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with anxiety disorders

Oesophageal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Breast cancer

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, breast, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Colorectal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Pancreatic cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Gallbladder cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Kidney cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Cancer of the uterus

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, cervix uteri, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Raised blood pressure

Adults, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Men, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Women, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Raised cholesterol

Adults, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Men, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Women, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Raised fasting blood glucose

Men, 2014

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Women, 2014

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Diabetes prevalence

Adults, 2017

References:Reproduced with kind permission of IDF, International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas, 8th edition. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation, 2017. http://www.diabetesatlas.org
Definitions:Diabetes age-adjusted comparative prevalence (%).

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