• Overview
  • Obesity prevalence
  • Trends over time
  • Population breakdowns
  • Drivers
  • Comorbidities
  • Actions
Loading data – please wait …

Obesity prevalence

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:3314
Area covered:National
References:National Centre for Public Health (2017). Nutrition status of the population of Mongolia. Fifth National Nutrition Survey. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Available at https://www.unicef.org/mongolia/reports/fifth-national-nutrition-survey-report (accessed 20.04.2020)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-64
Sample size:5119
Area covered:National
References:Chimeddamba O, Gearon E, Stevenson C et al. Trends in Adult Overweight and Obesity Prevalence in Mongolica 2005-2013. Obesity 2016;24(10):2194-2201
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2009

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-64
Sample size:5314
Area covered:National
References:Mongolian STEPS Survey on the Prevalence of Non-communicable Disease and Injury Risk Factors - 2009
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-64
Sample size:3411
Area covered:National
References:Mongolian STEPS Survey on the prevalence of noncommunicable disease risk factors 2006
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 1999

Survey type:Measured
Age:35+
Sample size:2996
References:WHO Infobase
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-4
Sample size:3404
Area covered:National
References:Mongolia MICS 2013 Survey - data analysed by R Jackson Leach, F Montague World Obesity Federation using monthly IOTF Cut offs
Notes:NB. Combined child data estimated. These estimates were calculated by weighting male and female survey results. Weighting based on World Bank Population % total female 2019 (https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL.FE.ZS - accessed 21.10.20)'
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2013

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:13-17
References:Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS), available at https://www.cdc.gov/gshs/countries/index.htm (last accessed 28.04.20)
Notes:WHO cutoffs.
Cutoffs:WHO

Overweight/obesity by education

Men, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:3314
Area covered:National
References:National Centre for Public Health (2017). Nutrition status of the population of Mongolia. Fifth National Nutrition Survey. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Available at https://www.unicef.org/mongolia/reports/fifth-national-nutrition-survey-report (accessed 20.04.2020)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:3314
Area covered:National
References:National Centre for Public Health (2017). Nutrition status of the population of Mongolia. Fifth National Nutrition Survey. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Available at https://www.unicef.org/mongolia/reports/fifth-national-nutrition-survey-report (accessed 20.04.2020)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Boys, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-4
Sample size:3404
Area covered:National
References:Mongolia MICS 2013 Survey - data analysed by R Jackson Leach, F Montague. World Obesity Federation
Notes:IOTF monthly cut offs
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-4
Sample size:3404
Area covered:National
References:Mongolia MICS 2013 Survey - data analysed by R Jackson Leach, F Montague. World Obesity Federation
Notes:IOTF monthly cut offs
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age

Adults, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:5119
Area covered:National
References:Chimeddamba O, Gearon E, Stevenson C et al. Trends in Adult Overweight and Obesity Prevalence in Mongolica 2005-2013. Obesity 2016;24(10):2194-2201
Notes:STEPS protocol
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2009

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:5314
Area covered:National
References:Mongolian STEPS Survey on the Prevalence of Non-communicable Disease and Injury Risk Factors - 2009
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:3404
Area covered:National
References:Mongolia MICS 2013 Survey - data analysed by R Jackson Leach, F Montague. World Obesity Federation
Notes:IOTF monthly cut offs
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by region

Men, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:3314
Area covered:National
References:National Centre for Public Health (2017). Nutrition status of the population of Mongolia. Fifth National Nutrition Survey. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Available at https://www.unicef.org/mongolia/reports/fifth-national-nutrition-survey-report (accessed 20.04.2020)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:3314
Area covered:National
References:National Centre for Public Health (2017). Nutrition status of the population of Mongolia. Fifth National Nutrition Survey. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Available at https://www.unicef.org/mongolia/reports/fifth-national-nutrition-survey-report (accessed 20.04.2020)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2009

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-64
Sample size:5314
Area covered:National
References:Mongolian STEPS Survey on the Prevalence of Non-communicable Disease and Injury Risk Factors - 2009
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2009

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-64
Sample size:5314
Area covered:National
References:Mongolian STEPS Survey on the Prevalence of Non-communicable Disease and Injury Risk Factors - 2009
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-64
Sample size:3411
Area covered:National
References:Mongolian STEPS Survey on the Prevalence of Non-communicable Disease Risk Factors 2006
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-64
Sample size:3411
Area covered:National
References:Mongolian STEPS Survey on the Prevalence of Non-communicable Disease Risk Factors 2006
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Boys, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-4
Sample size:3404
Area covered:National
References:Mongolia MICS 2013 Survey - data analysed by R Jackson Leach, F Montague. World Obesity Federation
Notes:IOTF monthly cut offs
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-4
Sample size:3404
Area covered:National
References:Mongolia MICS 2013 Survey - data analysed by R Jackson Leach, F Montague. World Obesity Federation
Notes:IOTF monthly cut offs
Cutoffs:IOTF

Boys, 2010

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:13-15
Sample size:5238
Area covered:National
References:Global School based Student Health Survey - https://www.who.int/ncds/surveillance/gshs/factsheets/en/
Notes:Overweight > +1 SD, < +2SD for BMI by age and sex Obesity > + 2SD Obese for BMI by age and sex
Cutoffs:WHO

Girls, 2010

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:13-15
Sample size:5238
Area covered:National
References:Global School based Student Health Survey - https://www.who.int/ncds/surveillance/gshs/factsheets/en/
Notes:Overweight > +1 SD, < +2SD for BMI by age and sex Obesity > + 2SD Obese for BMI by age and sex
Cutoffs:WHO

Overweight/obesity by socio-economic group

Men, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:3314
Area covered:National
References:National Centre for Public Health (2017). Nutrition status of the population of Mongolia. Fifth National Nutrition Survey. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Available at https://www.unicef.org/mongolia/reports/fifth-national-nutrition-survey-report (accessed 20.04.2020)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:15-49
Sample size:3314
Area covered:National
References:National Centre for Public Health (2017). Nutrition status of the population of Mongolia. Fifth National Nutrition Survey. Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Available at https://www.unicef.org/mongolia/reports/fifth-national-nutrition-survey-report (accessed 20.04.2020)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Boys, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-4
Sample size:3404
Area covered:National
References:Mongolia MICS 2013 Survey - data analysed by R Jackson Leach, F Montague. World Obesity Federation
Notes:IOTF monthly cut offs
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2013

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-4
Sample size:3404
Area covered:National
References:Mongolia MICS 2013 Survey - data analysed by R Jackson Leach, F Montague. World Obesity Federation
Notes:IOTF monthly cut offs
Cutoffs:IOTF

Insufficient physical activity

Adults, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Men, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Women, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Children, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Boys, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Girls, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Average daily frequency of carbonated soft drink consumption

Children, 2010-2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:12-17
References:Beal et al. (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287 sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system

Estimated per-capita fruit intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita fruit intake (g/day)

Prevalence of less-than-daily fruit consumption

Children, 2010-2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:12-17
References:Global School-based Student Health Surveys. Beal et al (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287. Sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system
Definitions:Prevalence of less-than-daily fruit consumption (% less-than-daily fruit consumption)

Prevalence of less-than-daily vegetable consumption

Children, 2010-2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:12-17
References:Beal et al. (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287 sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system
Definitions:Prevalence of less-than-daily vegetable consumption (% less-than-daily vegetable consumption)

Average weekly frequency of fast food consumption

Children, 2010-2015

Age:12-17
References:Beal et al. (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287 sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system

Estimated per-capita processed meat intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita processed meat intake (g per day)

Estimated per-capita whole grains intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita whole grains intake (g/day)

Mental health - depression disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with depression disorders

Mental health - anxiety disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with anxiety disorders

Oesophageal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Breast cancer

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, breast, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Colorectal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Pancreatic cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Gallbladder cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Kidney cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Cancer of the uterus

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, cervix uteri, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Raised blood pressure

Adults, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Men, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Women, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Raised cholesterol

Adults, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Men, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Women, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Raised fasting blood glucose

Men, 2014

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Women, 2014

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Diabetes prevalence

Adults, 2017

References:Reproduced with kind permission of IDF, International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas, 8th edition. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation, 2017. http://www.diabetesatlas.org
Definitions:Diabetes age-adjusted comparative prevalence (%).

Actions

National Programme on Nutrition 2016-2025

The National Programme on Nutrition has been developed aimed at improving nutritional status of population with the involvement of all relevant sectors

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Categories (partial):Evidence of National Obesity Strategy/Policy or Action
Year(s):2016-2025
Target age group:Adults and children
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Information provided with kind permission of WHO Global database on the Implementation of Nutrition Action (GINA)

THE SECOND NATIONAL PROGRAM ON PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF DISEASES CAUSED BY UNHEALTHY LIFESTYLES

Goal - To create a supportive environment for the reduction of preventable noncommunicable diseases and to reduce the burden of morbidity, mortality, and disability caused by these diseases through the improvement of non-communicable disease control, surveillance and management to promote healthy behaviours of individuals, family and organizational settings.

Categories:Evidence of NCD strategy
Year(s):2015-2021
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:WHO, Ministry of Health
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Information provided with kind permission of WHO Global database on the Implementation of Nutrition Action (GINA)

Community based health promoting centers for diabetic patients

Community based health promotion for diabetic patients - Supported by MCA- Mongolia Health_x000D__x000D_ Project USA Government Grant. Aim: To establish community based health promoting_x000D__x000D_ center for diabetic patients: established training center for diabetic patients at the_x000D__x000D_ Central Clinical Hospital, established self supporting clubs for diabetic patients,_x000D__x000D_ conducted trainings for diabetic patients

Categories:Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2013 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:S. Sonomtseren et al_x000D__x000D_
Find out more:onlinelibrary.wiley.com
References:Sonomtseren, S., Sankhuu, Y., Warfel, J. D., Johannsen, D. L., Peterson, C. M., and Vandanmagsar, B. (2016) Lifestyle modification intervention improves glycemic control in Mongolian adults who are overweight or obese with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes. Obesity Science & Practice, 2: 303–308. doi: 10.1002/osp4.56.

National Strategy on Healthy Diet and Physical Activity 2010–2021

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2010-2021
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Government of Mongolia
Find out more:www.legalinfo.mn
References:Government of Mongolia. National Strategy on Healthy Diet and Physical Activity 2010–2021, Government Resolution No. 239. Ulaanbaatar: Ministry of Health Mongolia

No actions could be found for the above criteria.

Loading