• Overview
  • Obesity prevalence
  • Trends over time
  • Population breakdowns
  • Drivers
  • Comorbidities
  • Actions
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Obesity prevalence

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-74
Sample size:2467
Area covered:National
References:http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/beh/2017/13/pdf/2017_13_1.pdf
Notes:NB. Combined adult data estimated. These estimates were calculated by weighting male and female survey results. Weighting based on World Bank Population % total female 2019 (https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL.FE.ZS - accessed 30.09.20)'
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2006-2007

Survey type:Measured
Age:18-74
Sample size:3115
Area covered:National
References:National Study Nutrition Health, ENNS, 2006.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 1994

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-79
Sample size:467536
References:AFERO, ALFEDIAM, SNDLF. Recommandations pour le diagnostic, la prevention et le traitement de l'obesite. Societe de Nutrition et de Dietetique de Langue Francaise 1008;33:S1-48
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2016

Survey type:Measured
Age:7-9
Sample size:5,071
Area covered:National
References:Santepublique France., (2016). CORPULENCE DES ENFANTS DE 7 À 9 ANS SCOLARISÉS EN CE1-CE2 EN FRANCE EN 2016. Available: http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Maladies-chroniques-et-traumatismes/2018/Corpulence-des-enfants-de-7-a-9-ans-scolarises-en-CE1-CE2-en-France-en-2016. [Last accessed 13th September 2018].
Notes:IOTF cut-off used. Other cut-offs (France, CDC, WHO) also available in this report http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Maladies-chroniques-et-traumatismes/2018/Corpulence-des-enfants-de-7-a-9-ans-scolarises-en-CE1-CE2-en-France-en-2016.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Age:6-17
Sample size:1099
Area covered:National
References:http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/beh/2017/13/pdf/2017_13_1.pdf
Notes:IOTF cut-offs
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2006-2007

Survey type:Measured
Age:3-17
Sample size:1446
Area covered:National
References:Lioret S, Touvier M, Dubuisson C, Dufour A, Calmassi-Tran G, Lafay L, Volatier J-L and Maire B. Trends in child overweight rates and energy intake in French from 1997 - 2007 and soc-econmic status. Obesity. [Epub ahead of print].
Notes:IOTF Cut off. Reference: Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 1994

Survey type:Measured
Age:10
Sample size:5407
Area covered:National
References:Bellizzi MC, Horgan GW, Guillaume M, Dietz WH. Prevalence of childhood and adolescent overweight and obesity in Asian and European countries. In: Obesity in Childhood and Adolescence. Editors: Chunming Chen, William H. Dietz. Nestle Nutrition Workshop Series Pediatric Program. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2002.
Notes:Boys = 2774 Girls = 2633 IOTF Cut off. Reference: Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age and education

Men, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by education

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:Total sample size in EU = 35100 (Age 18+)
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 9 November 2016)
Notes:Less than primary, primary and lower secondary education (levels 0-2) Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education (levels 3 and 4) Tertiary education (levels 5-8)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:Total sample size in EU = 35100 (Age 18+)
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 9 November 2016)
Notes:Less than primary, primary and lower secondary education (levels 0-2) Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education (levels 3 and 4) Tertiary education (levels 5-8)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2008

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/health/health-status-determinants/data/database# (last accessed 17th July 2015)
Notes:Definitions are: levels 0-2 = pre-primary, primary and lower secondary education levels 3-4 = upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education levels 5-6 = first and second stage of tertiary education
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2008

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/health/health-status-determinants/data/database# (last accessed 17th July 2015)
Notes:Definitions are: levels 0-2 = pre-primary, primary and lower secondary education levels 3-4 = upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education levels 5-6 = first and second stage of tertiary education
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2006-2007

Survey type:Measured
Age:3-14
Sample size:955
Area covered:National
References:Lioret S, Touvier M, Dubuisson C, Dufour A, Calamassi-Tran G, Lafay L, Volatier JL, Maire B. Trends in child overweight rates and energy intake in France from 1999 to 2007: relationships with socioeconomic status.Obesity (Silver Spring). 2009 May;17(5):1092-100. doi: 10.1038/oby.2008.619. Epub 2009 Jan 15.
Notes:Education level for the head of the household
Cutoffs:Other

Overweight/obesity by age

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:2467
Area covered:National
References:http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/beh/2017/13/pdf/2017_13_1.pdf
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2006

Survey type:Self-reported
Sample size:22374
Area covered:National
References:Charles MA, Eschwege E, Basdevant A. Monitoring the Obesity Epidemic in France: The Obepi Surveys 1997-2006. Obesity (2008) 16:2182-2186
Notes:Trend data available for years 1997, 2000 and 2003.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2006

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:3115
Area covered:National
References:"Étude nationale nutrition santé ENNS, 2006 Situation nutritionnelle en France en 2006 selon les indicateurs d’objectif et les repères du Programme national nutrition santé (PNNS). Institut de veille sanitaire."
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2015

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:1099
Area covered:National
References:http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/beh/2017/13/pdf/2017_13_1.pdf
Notes:IOTF Cut-off used
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2006

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:1446
Area covered:National
References:Étude nationale nutrition santé ENNS, 2006 Situation nutritionnelle en France en 2006 selon les indicateurs d’objectif et les repères du Programme national nutrition santé(PNNS). Institut de veille sanitaire.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by region

Adults, 2006

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:15+
Sample size:22374
Area covered:National
References:ObÉpi-Roche 2006. 4ème enquête épidémiologique nationalesurl’obésité et le surpoids en France
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by age and region

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1u&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1u&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by age and socio-economic group

Adults, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:Eurostat http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by socio-economic group

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:Total sample number in EU: 35100 (Age 18+)
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database: http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 9 November 2016)
Notes:1st Quintile (lowest income), 5th Quintile (highest income) Please note where data = zero, there were insufficient data.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Sample size:Total sample number in EU: 35100 (Age 18+)
Area covered:National
References:EUROSTAT Database: http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 9 November 2016)
Notes:1st Quintile (lowest income), 5th Quintile (highest income) Please note where data = zero, there were insufficient data.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2006

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:15+
Sample size:22374
Area covered:National
References:ObÉpi-Roche 2006. 4ème enquête épidémiologique nationalesurl’obésité et le surpoids en France
Notes:Monthly based net household income
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2006-2007

Survey type:Measured
Age:3-14
Sample size:922
Area covered:National
References:Lioret S, Touvier M, Dubuisson C, Dufour A, Calamassi-Tran G, Lafay L, Volatier JL, Maire B. Trends in child overweight rates and energy intake in France from 1999 to 2007: relationships with socioeconomic status.Obesity (Silver Spring). 2009 May;17(5):1092-100. doi: 10.1038/oby.2008.619. Epub 2009 Jan 15.
Notes:SES based on occupational status of the head of household.
Cutoffs:Other

Children, 1998-1999

Survey type:Measured
Age:3-14
Sample size:966
Area covered:National
References:Lioret S, Touvier M, Dubuisson C, Dufour A, Calamassi-Tran G, Lafay L, Volatier JL, Maire B. Trends in child overweight rates and energy intake in France from 1999 to 2007: relationships with socioeconomic status.Obesity (Silver Spring). 2009 May;17(5):1092-100. doi: 10.1038/oby.2008.619. Epub 2009 Jan 15.
Notes:SES status based on occupational status of the head of household.
Cutoffs:Other

Insufficient physical activity

Adults, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Men, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Women, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Children, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Boys, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Girls, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Sugar consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Sugar consumption (Number of 500g sugar portions/person/month)

Estimated per-capita sugar sweetened beverages intake

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International

Prevalence of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
References:World Health Organization. (2017). Adolescent obesity and related behaviours: Trends and inequalities in the who european region, 2002-2014: observations from the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) WHO collaborative cross-national study (J. Inchley, D. Currie, J. Jewel, J. Breda, & V. Barnekow, Eds.). World Health Organization. Sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org
Notes:15-year-old adolescents
Definitions:Prevalence of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption (% of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption)

Prevalence of confectionery consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Prevalence of confectionery consumption (Number of 50g confectionery portions/person/month)

Prevalence of sweet/savoury snack consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Prevalence of sweet/savoury snack consumption (Number of 35g sweet/savoury snack portions/person/month)

Estimated per-capita fruit intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita fruit intake (g/day)

Prevalence of less-than-daily fruit consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
References:Global School-based Student Health Surveys. Beal et al (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287. Sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system
Definitions:Prevalence of less-than-daily fruit consumption (% less-than-daily fruit consumption)

Prevalence of less-than-daily vegetable consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:12-17
References:Beal et al. (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287 sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system
Definitions:Prevalence of less-than-daily vegetable consumption (% less-than-daily vegetable consumption)

Estimated per-capita processed meat intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita processed meat intake (g per day)

Estimated per-capita whole grains intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita whole grains intake (g/day)

Mental health - depression disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with depression disorders

Mental health - anxiety disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with anxiety disorders

Oesophageal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Breast cancer

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, breast, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Colorectal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Pancreatic cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Gallbladder cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Kidney cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Cancer of the uterus

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, cervix uteri, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Raised blood pressure

Adults, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Men, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Women, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Raised cholesterol

Adults, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Men, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Women, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Raised fasting blood glucose

Men, 2014

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Women, 2014

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Diabetes prevalence

Adults, 2017

References:Reproduced with kind permission of IDF, International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas, 8th edition. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation, 2017. http://www.diabetesatlas.org
Definitions:Diabetes age-adjusted comparative prevalence (%).

Actions

Towards sustainable food: A major health, social, territorial and environmental issue for France

Government report outline strategies for sustainable food. Both a short 20 point brief and full report are available.

Categories (partial):Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2020 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Government
Find out more:www.senat.fr
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Vers une alimentation durable : Un enjeu sanitaire, social, territorial et environnemental majeur pour la France Rapport d'information de Mme Françoise CARTRON et M. Jean-Luc FICHET, fait au nom de la délégation sénatoriale à la prospective n° 476 (2019-2020) - 28 mai 2020

2019 Recommendations for eating, physical activity and physical inactivity for adults

Recommendations for adults on diet and physical activity (& inactivity), taking into consideration the population's knowledge, behaviour and beliefs.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2019 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults
Organisation:Sante Publique France
Find out more:invs.santepubliquefrance.fr
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Sante Publique France. 2019. Recommandations relatives à l’alimentation, à l’activité physique et à la sédentarité pour les adultes. Available from: http://invs.santepubliquefrance.fr/Publications-et-outils/Rapports-et-syntheses/Maladies-chroniques-et-traumatismes/2019/Recommandations-relatives-a-l-alimentation-a-l-activite-physique-et-a-la-sedentarite-pour-les-adultes. [Last accessed 30 January 2019]. _x000D__x000D_ _x000D__x000D_ [PDF in French].

2019 Obesity care roadmap

Roadmap which aims to aims to structure and implement coordinated and graded health care programs that are suitable for those who are obese or at risk of becoming obese. particularly to reduce inequalities of access to care and improve the quality of care.

Categories:Evidence of National Obesity Strategy/Policy or Action
Year(s):2019 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of solidarity and Health
Find out more:solidarites-sante.gouv.fr
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Ministry of solidarity and Health. Prevent and manage obesity. Available from: https://solidarites-sante.gouv.fr/systeme-de-sante-et-medico-social/strategie-nationale-de-sante/priorite-prevention-rester-en-bonne-sante-tout-au-long-de-sa-vie-11031/priorite-prevention-les-mesures-phares-detaillees/article/prevenir-et-prendre-en-charge-de-l-obesite [Accessed 31 July 2019].

2019-2023 National Nutrtion Strategy

National nutrition strategy

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2019-2023
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Minsitry of Health
Find out more:solidarites-sante.gouv.fr
Linked document:Download linked document
References:PROGRAMME NATIONAL NUTRITION SANTÉ 2019-2023. Ministre des Solidarités et de la Santé.

Stay healthy throughout your life 2019

Focusing on nutrition and exercise.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Evidence of NCD strategy
Year(s):2019 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Comité interministériel pour la Santé
Find out more:www.gouvernement.fr
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Comité interministériel pour la Santé. Stay healthy throughout your life 2019. available from: https://www.gouvernement.fr/sites/default/files/document/document/2019/03/dossier_de_presse_-_comite_interministeriel_pour_la_sante_-_25.03.2019.pdf [Accessed 31 July 2019].

The 2018-2022 National Health Strategy

National strategy aiming to reduce chronic diseases and their consequences, ensure the health system is adapting to demographic, epidemiological and societal challenges amongst other goals.

Categories:Evidence of NCD strategy
Year(s):2018-2022
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:MINISTARE DES SOLIDARITAS ET DE LA SANTA
Find out more:solidarites-sante.gouv.fr
Linked document:Download linked document
References:MINISTÈRE DES SOLIDARITÉS ET DE LA SANTÉ. 2017. Stratégie nationale de santé 2018-2022. Available from: https://solidarites-sante.gouv.fr/IMG/pdf/dossier_sns_2017_vdefpost-consult.pdf. [Last Accessed 20 January 2019]._x000D__x000D_ _x000D__x000D_ [Document in French].

Update on Soda Tax

The new tax, which is part of the government's 2018 Social Security budget, is an update of the initial "soda tax" that was brought in in 2013 whereby fizzy drinks with added sugar was taxed at €7.5 euros a hectolitre (equal to 100 litres). A sliding scale tax will be introduced in 2018 for drinks that contain 1g of sugar per 100ml. It will rise to the point where the most sugary drinks will be taxed at €20 a hectolitre for drinks that contain more than 11g of sugar per 100ml.

Categories:Taxation/Subsidies on Food or Beverages or law relating to public health
Year(s):2018 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Government
Find out more:www.thelocal.fr
References:https://www.thelocal.fr/20171027/france-tackles-obesity-by-hiking-soda-tax-on-sugary-drinks

Ban on unlimited sugary drink refills

The Order of 18 January 2017 prohibits the provision of unlimited drinks, free or for a fixed price, with the addition of sugars or artificial sweeteners. Restaurants and other spaces catering to the public in France have been banned from offering unlimited sugary drinks in an effort to reduce obesity.

Categories:Taxation/Subsidies on Food or Beverages or law relating to public health
Year(s):2017 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Government
Find out more:www.legifrance.gouv.fr

Nutri-score Labelling

The French government signed a decree backing the voluntary adoption of the 'Nutri-Score' front-of-pack nutritional labelling scheme (31 October 2017).

Categories:Evidence of Marketing Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2017 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Government
Find out more:www.foodnavigator.com
References:https://www.foodnavigator.com/Article/2017/10/31/Nutri-Score-labelling-comes-into-force-in-France?utm_source=copyright&utm_medium=OnSite&utm_campaign=copyright

Obesity Prevention and Health Promotion 2017-2018

Categories (partial):Non-national obesity strategies
Year(s):2017-2018
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Haut Counseil pour l'avenir de l'assurance maladie
Find out more:www.strategie.gouv.fr
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Pravention et promotion de la sante. Available from: https://www.strategie.gouv.fr/sites/strategie.gouv.fr/files/atoms/files/prevention-avis-hcaam-12-02-2019.pdf. [Accessed 31 July 2019].

The Public Health Act

There is a ban on unlimited offers of sweetened beverages for free or at a fixed price in schools, public restaurants and any facility used to teach, accommodate or receive children under the age of 18.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2017 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Organisation:French Government
Find out more:Unable to locate further details if you have access please email us at obesity@worldobesity.org

ePPOP- Electronic-personalized program for obesity during pregnancy

ePPOP is an electronic-personalised lifestyle intervention combining nutritional, behavioural and physical activity counselling during pregnancy, to reduce instrumental delivery and improve health of obese pregnant women and their babies.

Categories (partial):Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2016 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults
Organisation:College National des Gynacologues et Obstatriciens Fransais (CNGOF) and 'Be Patient'
Find out more:www.cngof.fr

The European Food and Nutrition Action Plan 2015-2020

The aim on this action plan is to significantly reduce the burden of preventable diet-related non-communicable diseases, obesity and all other forms of malnutrition that are still prevalent in the WHO European Region.

Categories (partial):Transnational Obesity Strategies/Policy or Action Plan
Evidence of NCD strategy
Year(s):2015-2020
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:World Health Organisation
Linked document:Download linked document

Charter for the Promotion of Healthy Diets and Physical Activity during TV Programmes and Advertising (updated version)

Food charter that aims to promote a healthy diet on television. Note that the charter was updated in 2013 and applicable from 1 Jan 2014.

Categories:Evidence of Marketing Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2014 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health and Ministry of Culture and Communication
Find out more:www.culturecommunication.gouv.fr
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Ministry of Health and Ministry of Culture and Communication. http://www.culturecommunication.gouv.fr/ (last accessed 11.8.15)

European Union (EU) Action Plan on Childhood Obesity 2014-2020

EU Action plan. To contribute to halting the rise in overweight and obesity in children and young people (0-18 years) by 2020

Categories:Transnational Obesity Strategies/Policy or Action Plan
Year(s):2014-2020
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Find out more:ec.europa.eu
Linked document:Download linked document
References:EU Action Plan on Childhood Table of contents [Internet]. Available from: https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/health/files/nutrition_physical_activity/docs/childhoodobesity_actionplan_2014_2020_en.pdf ‌

French National Nutrition and Health Program 2011-2015 (PNNS)

The PNNS involves the ministries in charge of national education, sports, consumer affairs, social cohesion, and higher education and research to promote healthy eating as part of the nutritional prevention.

Categories (partial):Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2011-2015
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Find out more:www.sante.gouv.fr
Linked document:Download linked document

Promotion of physical activity in the Youth (Promouvoir lâ activite physique des jeunes)

Categories:Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2011 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Organisation:National Institute for Prevention and Health Education
Find out more:www.inpes.sante.fr
Linked document:Download linked document

TV advertising of food or drink of low nutiritonal value must be accompanied by a speicific health education statement approved by the National Institute of Health Education

Categories:Industry/Government regulations - voluntary /pledges
Year(s):2007 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:National Institute of Health Education
Linked document:Download linked document

Second national nutrition and health programme 2006-2010 (PNNS)

The main role of the PNNS is to encourage various public and private sector players to act, by providing cohesive guidelines, references, government-designed tools and a framework for permanent dialogue.

Categories (partial):Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2006-2010
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health, Youth and Sports
Find out more:www.sante-sports.gouv.fr
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Information collated as part of an earlier project between 2008-2011. See http://www.worldobesity.org/what-we-do/policy-prevention/projects/marketing-children/ project/

CSOS Multi-disciplinary approach to tackling overweight and obesity

The CSOS team utilise a multi-disciplinary approach to tackling obesity. They combine the use of a clinical psychologist, a state-certified dietitian, a sports educator and a motivational interview coordinator.

Categories:Evidence of Multidisciplinary Intervention
Year(s):2004 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:CSOS
Find out more:www.csos.nc
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Available from: https://www.csos.nc/2017/10/05/approche-multidisciplinaire-seul-traitement-efficace-surpoids-lobesite/ [accessed August 2019].

Eat and Move for Health (La sante vient en mangeant et en bougeant)

Guidelines on nutrition and physical activity - document in French

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2004 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Institut National de Prevention ed d'Education pour la Santé (INPES), Ministère de la Santé
Linked document:Download linked document

Law regarding the public health policy (Loi no 2004-806 du 9 août 2004 relative à la politique de santé publique)

The law of August 9, 2004, marked a new era with a step in a new direction for_x000D__x000D_ defining a process to develop health policy in France. The five-year law provided a framework_x000D__x000D_ to formalize public health objectives. Health policy was articulated around four ambitions: improvement of_x000D__x000D_ health outcomes, reduction of inequalities, efficiency of the health system, and the_x000D__x000D_ advancement of health democracy.

Categories:Taxation/Subsidies on Food or Beverages or law relating to public health
Year(s):2004 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Journal Officiel De La Republique Francaise
Find out more:bdoc.ofdt.fr
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Information provided with kind permission of HEPA Europe (European network for the promotion of health-enhancing physical activity): http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/disease-prevention/physical-activity/activities/hepa-europe

Multidisciplinary approach to treat childhood obesity based on multicomponent lifestyle interventions and family-based actions

Study assessing the short term and long term impact of paediatric obesity care management offered by nine French regional health networks which is based on multi-component lifestyle interventions.

Categories:Evidence of Multidisciplinary Intervention
Categories (partial):Evidence of National Obesity Strategy/Policy or Action
Year(s):2003-2015
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Carriere et al
Find out more:www.reppop-bfc.com
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Carriere et al 2019. Short?term and long?term positive outcomes of the multidisciplinary care implemented by the French health networks for the prevention and care of paediatric overweight_x000D__x000D_ and obesity. Paediatric Obesity. DOI: 10.1111/ijpo.12522

Health comes through eating (La sante vient en mangeant)

Nutrition programme - see document in French

Categories (partial):Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2002 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Institut National de Prevention ed d'Education pour la Santé (INPES), Ministère de la Santé
Linked document:Download linked document
References:La Sante Vient en mangeant le Guide Alimentaire Pour Tous.

National programme for nutrition and health 2001-2005 (PNNS)

A programme containing 9 nutritional objectives to improve the health of the general population.

Categories (partial):Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2001-2005
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Find out more:www.medecine-nutrition.org
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Information collated as part of an earlier project between 2008-2011. See http://www.worldobesity.org/what-we-do/policy-prevention/projects/marketing-children/ project/

Active cities

Aims to create a favourable environment for good nutrition in municipalities.

Categories:Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Programme National Nutrition Sante; National Programme for Healthy Nutrition
Find out more:www.reseauvillesactivespnns.fr

Multidisciplinary educational healthcare circuit for bariatric surgery in France.

Educational healthcare circuit for bariatric surgery which offers a multidisciplinary approach based on medical, psychological and dietetic expertise to combat obesity proves to be a feasibile alternative to usual care in France.

Categories:Evidence of Multidisciplinary Intervention
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Duenas et al 2019
Find out more:www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Duenas et al 2019. Cost-effectiveness of an educational healthcare circuit for bariatric surgery in France. Public Health.172, pp. 43-51.

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