• Overview
  • Obesity prevalence
  • Trends over time
  • Population breakdowns
  • Drivers
  • Comorbidities
  • Actions
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Obesity prevalence

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2017 - EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:30+
Sample size:9,288
Area covered:National
References:Koponen P. FinTerveys., 2017. Terveys, toimintakyky ja hyvinvointi Suomessa. Available: http://www.julkari.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/136223/THL_RAP_2018_04_Finterveys_verkko.pdf?sequence=6&isAllowed=y. [Last accessed 13th September 2018].
Notes:Data derived from The National FinHealth 2017 Survey, which combines the previous Health 2000/2011 and FINRISK Surveys.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2012

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-64
Sample size:4399
Area covered:National
References:Kansallinen FINRISKI 2012 -terveystutkimus - Osa 2: Tutkimuksen taulukkoliite. http://www.julkari.fi/handle/10024/114942 (last accessed 9th November 2017)
Notes:Data derived from the national FINRISK surveys at the National Institute for Health and Welfare THL. Figures are age-adjusted and population-weighted.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2007

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-64
Sample size:4804
Area covered:National
References:Peltonen M, Harald K, Männistö S, Saarikoski L, Lund L, Sundvall J, Juolevi A, Laatikainen T, Aldén-Nieminen H, Luoto R, Jousilahti P, Salomaa V, Taimi M, Vartiainen E. Kansallinen FINRISKI 2007 –terveystutkimus, Tutkimuksen toteutus ja tulokset: Taulukkoliite. Kansanterveyslaitos. Yliopistopaino, Helsinki 2008.
Notes:Data derived from the national FINRISK surveys at the National Institute for Health and Welfare THL. Figures are age-adjusted and population-weighted.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2000

Survey type:Measured
Age:30+
References:Personal Correspondence from Ailsa Rissanen, data presented at ECO 03
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 1992

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-64
Sample size:4583
References:Lahti-Koski M, Pietinen P, Munnisto S, Vartiainen E. Trends in waist to hip ratio and its determinants in adults in Finland from 1987 to 1997. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2000;72:1436-1444
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 1982

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-64
Sample size:9340
References:Lahti-Koski M, Vartiainen E, Mannisto S, Pietinen P. Age, education and occupation as determinants of trends in body mass index in Finland from 1982 to 1997. International Journal of Obesity (2000);24:1669-1676
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2007-2009

Survey type:Measured
Age:11-16
Sample size:1836
Area covered:National
References:Parikka, S. et al.(2015)'Associations between parental BMI,socioeconomic factors, family structure and overweight in Finnish children: a path model approach', BMC Public Health, 15:271.DOI 10.1186/s12889-015-1548-1
Notes:IOTF cut-offs used.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2006

Survey type:Measured
Age:12
Sample size:4013
Area covered:Regional
References:Vuorela N. (2009). Prevalence of overweight and obesity in 5- and 12-year-old Finnish children in 1986 and 2006. Acta P¬údiatrica, 98; 507 - 512.
Notes:IOTF Cut off. Reference: Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 1986

Survey type:Measured
Age:5
Sample size:2108
References:Vuorela N, Saha MT, Salo M. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in 5 and 12 year old Finnish children in 1986 and 2006. Acta Paediatrica 2009;98:507-512
Notes:IOTF Cut off. Reference: Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age and education

Men, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2017 - Education EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2017 - Education EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by education

Men, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:6732
Area covered:National
References:Murto J, Kaikkonen R, Pentala-Nikulainen O, Koskela T, Virtala E, Härkänen T, Koskenniemi T, Jussmäki T, Vartiainen E & Koskinen S. Adult Health, Well-Being and Service Research Basic results 2010-2017. Online publication: http://www.terveytemme.fi/ath/tampere-raisio/html/ath_obesity_bmi30_cr.html (Accessed 6 March 2019).
Notes:NOTE: This data is self-report.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:6732
Area covered:National
References:Murto J, Kaikkonen R, Pentala-Nikulainen O, Koskela T, Virtala E, Härkänen T, Koskenniemi T, Jussmäki T, Vartiainen E & Koskinen S. Adult Health, Well-Being and Service Research Basic results 2010-2017. Online publication: http://www.terveytemme.fi/ath/tampere-raisio/html/ath_obesity_bmi30_cr.html (Accessed 6 March 2019).
Notes:NOTE: This data is self-report.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Notes:Less than primary, primary and lower secondary education (levels 0-2) Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education (levels 3 and 4) Tertiary education (levels 5-8)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Notes:Less than primary, primary and lower secondary education (levels 0-2) Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education (levels 3 and 4) Tertiary education (levels 5-8)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2012

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-64
Sample size:6424
Area covered:National
References:Peltonen M, Harald K, Männistö S, Saarikoski L, Lund L, Sundvall J, Juolevi A, Laatikainen T, Aldén-Nieminen H, Luoto R, Jousilahti P, Salomaa V, Taimi M, Vartiainen E. Kansallinen FINRISKI 2007 –terveystutkimus, Tutkimuksen toteutus ja tulokset: Taulukkoliite. Kansanterveyslaitos. Yliopistopaino, Helsinki 2008
Notes:Mean BMI by Education Level. Note that data is age-standardised and population-weighted.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2012

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-64
Sample size:6424
Area covered:National
References:Peltonen M, Harald K, Männistö S, Saarikoski L, Lund L, Sundvall J, Juolevi A, Laatikainen T, Aldén-Nieminen H, Luoto R, Jousilahti P, Salomaa V, Taimi M, Vartiainen E. Kansallinen FINRISKI 2007 –terveystutkimus, Tutkimuksen toteutus ja tulokset: Taulukkoliite. Kansanterveyslaitos. Yliopistopaino, Helsinki 2008
Notes:Mean BMI by Education Level. Note that data is age-standardised and population-weighted.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2007

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-64
Sample size:20551
Area covered:National
References:Lahti-Koski, M., Harald, K., Saarni, S. E., Peltonen, M. and Männistö, S. (2012), Changes in body mass index and measures of abdominal obesity in Finnish adults between 1992 and 2007, the National FINRISK Study. Clinical Obesity, 2: 57–63. doi: 10.1111/j.1758-8111.2012.00035.x
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2007

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-64
Sample size:20551
Area covered:National
References:Lahti-Koski, M., Harald, K., Saarni, S. E., Peltonen, M. and Männistö, S. (2012), Changes in body mass index and measures of abdominal obesity in Finnish adults between 1992 and 2007, the National FINRISK Study. Clinical Obesity, 2: 57–63. doi: 10.1111/j.1758-8111.2012.00035.x
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2000-2001

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:40-60
Sample size:6227
Area covered:National
References:Laaksonen, M., Sarlio-Lähteenkorva, S. and Lahelma, E. (2004), Multiple Dimensions of Socioeconomic Position and Obesity among Employees: The Helsinki Health Study. Obesity Research, 12: 1851–1858. doi: 10.1038/oby.2004.230
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2000-2001

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:40-60
Sample size:6227
Area covered:National
References:Laaksonen, M., Sarlio-Lähteenkorva, S. and Lahelma, E. (2004), Multiple Dimensions of Socioeconomic Position and Obesity among Employees: The Helsinki Health Study. Obesity Research, 12: 1851–1858. doi: 10.1038/oby.2004.230
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Boys, 2005

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:12-18
Sample size:6503
Area covered:National
References:Kautiainen, Susanna, Koivisto, Anna-Maija, Koivusilta, Leena, Lintonen, Tomi, Virtanen, Suvi M. and Rimpelä, Arja(2009) 'Sociodemographic factors and a secular trend for adolescent overweight in Finland', International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 4: 4, 360 ¬ó 370
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2005

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:12-18
Sample size:6503
Area covered:National
References:Kautiainen, Susanna, Koivisto, Anna-Maija, Koivusilta, Leena, Lintonen, Tomi, Virtanen, Suvi M. and Rimpelä, Arja(2009) 'Sociodemographic factors and a secular trend for adolescent overweight in Finland', International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 4: 4, 360 ¬ó 370
Cutoffs:IOTF

Boys, 1979

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:12-18
Sample size:4273
Area covered:National
References:Kautiainen, Susanna, Koivisto, Anna-Maija, Koivusilta, Leena, Lintonen, Tomi, Virtanen, Suvi M. and Rimpelä, Arja(2009) 'Sociodemographic factors and a secular trend for adolescent overweight in Finland', International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 4: 4, 360 ¬ó 370
Notes:Prevalence based on Fathers education level
Cutoffs:Other

Girls, 1979

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:12-18
Sample size:4273
Area covered:National
References:Kautiainen, Susanna, Koivisto, Anna-Maija, Koivusilta, Leena, Lintonen, Tomi, Virtanen, Suvi M. and Rimpelä, Arja(2009) 'Sociodemographic factors and a secular trend for adolescent overweight in Finland', International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 4: 4, 360 ¬ó 370
Notes:Prevalence based on Fathers education level
Cutoffs:Other

Overweight/obesity by age

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Sample size:25,555
Area covered:National
References:Pentala-Nikulainen O, Koskela T, Parikka S, Kilpeläinen H, Koskenniemi T, Aalto AM, Muuri A, Koskinen S & Lounamaa A. National Health, Wellbeing and Service Research FinSote Basic Results 2017-2018. Online publication: thl.fi/finsote.
Notes:This data is self-report
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Sample size:6732
Area covered:National
References:Murto J, Kaikkonen R, Pentala-Nikulainen O, Koskela T, Virtala E, Härkänen T, Koskenniemi T, Jussmäki T, Vartiainen E & Koskinen S. Adult Health, Well-Being and Service Research Basic results 2010-2017. Online publication: http://www.terveytemme.fi/ath/tampere-raisio/html/ath_obesity_bmi30_cr.html (Accessed 6 March 2019).
Notes:NOTE: This data is self-report.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2017 - EUROSTAT Database http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=ilc_hch10&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2007

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:20551
Area covered:National
References:Lahti-Koski, M., Harald, K., Saarni, S. E., Peltonen, M. and Männistö, S. (2012), Changes in body mass index and measures of abdominal obesity in Finnish adults between 1992 and 2007, the National FINRISK Study. Clinical Obesity, 2: 57–63. doi: 10.1111/j.1758-8111.2012.00035.x
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2005

Survey type:Self-reported
Sample size:3227
Area covered:National
References:WHO Infobase 102584a1 - Helakorpi S, Patja K, Prättälä R, Uutela A. Health behaviour and health among the Finnish adult population, spring 2005. Helsinki, KTL-National Public Health Institute, 2005.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 2000-2017

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:9,288
Area covered:National
References:Koponen P. FinTerveys., 2017. Terveys, toimintakyky ja hyvinvointi Suomessa. Available: http://www.julkari.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/136223/THL_RAP_2018_04_Finterveys_verkko.pdf?sequence=6&isAllowed=y. [Last accessed 13th September 2018].
Notes:Data derived from The National FinHealth 2017 Survey, which combines the previous Health 2000/2011 and FINRISK Surveys.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2006

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:4016
Area covered:Subnational
References:Vuorela N, Saha MT, Salo M. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in 5 - and 12- year-old Finnish children in 1986 & 2006. Acta Paediatrica 2009;98:507-512
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 1999

Survey type:Self-reported
Sample size:64147
Area covered:National
References:Kautiainen S, Rimpela A, Vikat A, Virtanen SM. Secular trends in overweight and obesity among Finnish adolescents in 1977-1999. International Journal of Obesity 2002;26:544-552
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 1977

Survey type:Self-reported
Sample size:64147
Area covered:National
References:Kautiainen S, Rimpela A, Vikat A, Virtanen SM. Secular trends in overweight and obesity among Finnish adolescents in 1977-1999. International Journal of Obesity 2002;26:544-552
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by region

Men, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:6732
Area covered:National
References:Murto J, Kaikkonen R, Pentala-Nikulainen O, Koskela T, Virtala E, Härkänen T, Koskenniemi T, Jussmäki T, Vartiainen E & Koskinen S. Adult Health, Well-Being and Service Research Basic results 2010-2017. Online publication: http://www.terveytemme.fi/ath/tampere-raisio/html/ath_obesity_bmi30_cr.html (Accessed 6 March 2019).
Notes:NOTE: This data is self-report.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2017

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:20+
Sample size:6732
Area covered:National
References:Murto J, Kaikkonen R, Pentala-Nikulainen O, Koskela T, Virtala E, Härkänen T, Koskenniemi T, Jussmäki T, Vartiainen E & Koskinen S. Adult Health, Well-Being and Service Research Basic results 2010-2017. Online publication: http://www.terveytemme.fi/ath/tampere-raisio/html/ath_obesity_bmi30_cr.html (Accessed 6 March 2019).
Notes:NOTE: This data is self-report.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2012

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-74
Sample size:6424
Area covered:National
References:National FINRISK Study 2012 survey
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2012

Survey type:Measured
Age:25-74
Sample size:6424
Area covered:National
References:National FINRISK Study 2012 survey
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2007

Survey type:Measured
Age:30-59
Sample size:6053
Area covered:Subnational
References:Vartiainen E,Laatikainen T, Peltonen et al. Thirty-five-year trends in cardiovascular risk factors in Finland. International Journal of Epidemiology 2010;39:504–518
Notes:Trend data available from this study (1972-2007)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2007

Survey type:Measured
Age:30-59
Sample size:6053
Area covered:Subnational
References:Vartiainen E,Laatikainen T, Peltonen et al. Thirty-five-year trends in cardiovascular risk factors in Finland. International Journal of Epidemiology 2010;39:504–518
Notes:Trend data available from this study (1972-2007)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2006

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:4016
Area covered:Subnational
References:Vuorela N, Saha MT, Salo M. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in 5 - and 12- year-old Finnish children in 1986 & 2006. Acta Paediatrica 2009;98:507-512
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age and region

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by age and socio-economic group

Adults, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Area covered:National
References:2014 Eurostat Database:http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1e&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Overweight/obesity by socio-economic group

Men, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Socio economic - http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Notes:1st Quintile (lowest income), 5th Quintile (highest income) Please note where data = zero, there were insufficient data.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2014

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:18+
Area covered:National
References:2014 Socio economic - http://appsso.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/nui/show.do?dataset=hlth_ehis_bm1i&lang=en (last accessed 25.08.20)
Notes:1st Quintile (lowest income), 5th Quintile (highest income) Please note where data = zero, there were insufficient data.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2000-2001

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:40-60
Sample size:6227
Area covered:National
References:Laaksonen, M., Sarlio-Lähteenkorva, S. and Lahelma, E. (2004), Multiple Dimensions of Socioeconomic Position and Obesity among Employees: The Helsinki Health Study. Obesity Research, 12: 1851–1858. doi: 10.1038/oby.2004.230
Notes:Prevalence of obesity by occupational class
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2000-2001

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:40-60
Sample size:6227
Area covered:National
References:Laaksonen, M., Sarlio-Lähteenkorva, S. and Lahelma, E. (2004), Multiple Dimensions of Socioeconomic Position and Obesity among Employees: The Helsinki Health Study. Obesity Research, 12: 1851–1858. doi: 10.1038/oby.2004.230
Notes:Prevalence of obesity by occupational class
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Men, 2000-2001

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:40-60
Sample size:6227
Area covered:National
References:Laaksonen, M., Sarlio-Lähteenkorva, S. and Lahelma, E. (2004), Multiple Dimensions of Socioeconomic Position and Obesity among Employees: The Helsinki Health Study. Obesity Research, 12: 1851–1858. doi: 10.1038/oby.2004.230
Notes:Prevalence of obesity by household income
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Women, 2000-2001

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:40-60
Sample size:6227
Area covered:National
References:Laaksonen, M., Sarlio-Lähteenkorva, S. and Lahelma, E. (2004), Multiple Dimensions of Socioeconomic Position and Obesity among Employees: The Helsinki Health Study. Obesity Research, 12: 1851–1858. doi: 10.1038/oby.2004.230
Notes:Prevalence of obesity by household income
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Boys, 2005

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:12-18
Sample size:6503
Area covered:National
References:Kautiainen, Susanna, Koivisto, Anna-Maija, Koivusilta, Leena, Lintonen, Tomi, Virtanen, Suvi M. and Rimpelä, Arja(2009) 'Sociodemographic factors and a secular trend for adolescent overweight in Finland', International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 4: 4, 360 ¬ó 370
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2005

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:12-18
Sample size:6503
Area covered:National
References:Kautiainen, Susanna, Koivisto, Anna-Maija, Koivusilta, Leena, Lintonen, Tomi, Virtanen, Suvi M. and Rimpelä, Arja(2009) 'Sociodemographic factors and a secular trend for adolescent overweight in Finland', International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 4: 4, 360 ¬ó 370
Cutoffs:IOTF

Boys, 1979

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:12-18
Sample size:4273
Area covered:National
References:Kautiainen, Susanna, Koivisto, Anna-Maija, Koivusilta, Leena, Lintonen, Tomi, Virtanen, Suvi M. and Rimpelä, Arja(2009) 'Sociodemographic factors and a secular trend for adolescent overweight in Finland', International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 4: 4, 360 ¬ó 370
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 1979

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:12-18
Sample size:4273
Area covered:National
References:Kautiainen, Susanna, Koivisto, Anna-Maija, Koivusilta, Leena, Lintonen, Tomi, Virtanen, Suvi M. and Rimpelä, Arja(2009) 'Sociodemographic factors and a secular trend for adolescent overweight in Finland', International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 4: 4, 360 ¬ó 370
Cutoffs:IOTF

Insufficient physical activity

Adults, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Men, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Women, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Children, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Boys, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Girls, 2010

Age:11-17
References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A893?lang=en
Notes:% of school going adolescents not meeting WHO recommendations on Physical Activity for Health, i.e. doing less than 60 minutes of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity daily.
Definitions:% Adolescents insufficiently active (age standardised estimate)

Sugar consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Sugar consumption (Number of 500g sugar portions/person/month)

Estimated per-capita sugar sweetened beverages intake

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International

Prevalence of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
References:World Health Organization. (2017). Adolescent obesity and related behaviours: Trends and inequalities in the who european region, 2002-2014: observations from the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) WHO collaborative cross-national study (J. Inchley, D. Currie, J. Jewel, J. Breda, & V. Barnekow, Eds.). World Health Organization. Sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org
Notes:15-year-old adolescents
Definitions:Prevalence of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption (% of at least daily carbonated soft drink consumption)

Prevalence of confectionery consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Prevalence of confectionery consumption (Number of 50g confectionery portions/person/month)

Prevalence of sweet/savoury snack consumption

Adults, 2016

References:Source: Euromonitor International
Definitions:Prevalence of sweet/savoury snack consumption (Number of 35g sweet/savoury snack portions/person/month)

Estimated per-capita fruit intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita fruit intake (g/day)

Prevalence of less-than-daily fruit consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
References:Global School-based Student Health Surveys. Beal et al (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287. Sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system
Definitions:Prevalence of less-than-daily fruit consumption (% less-than-daily fruit consumption)

Prevalence of less-than-daily vegetable consumption

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:12-17
References:Beal et al. (2019). Global Patterns of Adolescent Fruit, Vegetable, Carbonated Soft Drink, and Fast-food consumption: A meta-analysis of global school-based student health surveys. Food and Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1177/0379572119848287 sourced from Food Systems Dashboard http://www.foodsystemsdashboard.org/food-system
Definitions:Prevalence of less-than-daily vegetable consumption (% less-than-daily vegetable consumption)

Estimated per-capita processed meat intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita processed meat intake (g per day)

Estimated per-capita whole grains intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita whole grains intake (g/day)

Mental health - depression disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with depression disorders

Mental health - anxiety disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with anxiety disorders

Oesophageal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Breast cancer

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, breast, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Colorectal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Pancreatic cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Gallbladder cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Kidney cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Cancer of the uterus

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, cervix uteri, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Raised blood pressure

Adults, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Men, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Women, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Raised cholesterol

Adults, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Men, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Women, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Raised fasting blood glucose

Men, 2014

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Women, 2014

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Diabetes prevalence

Adults, 2017

References:Reproduced with kind permission of IDF, International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas, 8th edition. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation, 2017. http://www.diabetesatlas.org
Definitions:Diabetes age-adjusted comparative prevalence (%).

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