• Overview
  • Obesity prevalence
  • Trends over time
  • Population breakdowns
  • Drivers
  • Comorbidities
  • Actions
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Obesity prevalence

Adults, 2010

Survey type:Measured
Age:18+
Sample size:5100
Area covered:National
References:Nie, Peng & León, Alina & Díaz, María & Sousa-Poza, Alfonso. (2017). The rise in obesity in Cuba from 2001 to 2010: An analysis of National Survey on Risk Factors and Chronic Diseases data. Economics & Human Biology. 28. 10.1016/j.ehb.2017.11.003.
Notes:NB. Combined adult data estimated. These estimates were calculated by weighting male and female survey results. Weighting based on World Bank Population % total female 2019 (https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL.FE.ZS - accessed 05.10.20
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 1998

Survey type:Measured
Age:20-64
Sample size:4197
Area covered:National
References:Rodriguez-Ojea A, Jimenez S, Berdasco A and Esquivel M. (2002). The Nutrition transition in Cuba in the nineties: an overview. Public Health Nutrition, 5 (1A): 129 - 133.
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 1993

Survey type:Measured
Age:20-64
Sample size:3995
References:Rodriguez-Ojea A, Jimenez S, Berdasco A, Esquivel M. The nutrition transition in Cuba in the nineties:an overview. Public health Nutrition 2002:5(1A), 129-133
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 1982

Survey type:Measured
Age:20-64
Sample size:5833
References:Rodriguez-Ojea A, Jimenez S, Berdasco A, Esquivel M. The nutrition transition in Cuba in the nineties:an overview. Public health Nutrition 2002:5(1A), 129-133
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-5
Sample size:3503
Area covered:National
References:Cuba MICS5 2014 Dataset, analysed by Rachel Jackson Leach at World Obesity October 2016
Notes:IOTF International Monthly Cut Off
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by education

Boys, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-5
Sample size:3503
Area covered:National
References:Cuba MICS5 2014 Dataset, analysed by Rachel Jackson Leach at World Obesity October 2016
Notes:IOTF International Monthly Cut Off Primary or no education Girls insufficient sample size for reliable data
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-5
Sample size:3503
Area covered:National
References:Cuba MICS5 2014 Dataset, analysed by Rachel Jackson Leach at World Obesity October 2016
Notes:IOTF International Monthly Cut Off Primary or no education Girls insufficient sample size for reliable data
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age

Children, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:3503
Area covered:National
References:Cuba MICS5 2014 Dataset, analysed by Rachel Jackson Leach at World Obesity October 2016
Notes:IOTF International Monthly Cut Off
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by region

Boys, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-5
Sample size:3503
Area covered:National
References:Cuba MICS5 2014 Dataset, analysed by Rachel Jackson Leach at World Obesity October 2016
Notes:IOTF International Monthly Cut Off
Cutoffs:IOTF

Girls, 2014

Survey type:Measured
Age:2-5
Sample size:3503
Area covered:National
References:Cuba MICS5 2014 Dataset, analysed by Rachel Jackson Leach at World Obesity October 2016
Notes:IOTF International Monthly Cut Off
Cutoffs:IOTF

Insufficient physical activity

Adults, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Men, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Women, 2016

References:Guthold R, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Bull FC. Worldwide trends in insufficient physical activity from 2001 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 358 population-based surveys with 1.9 million participants. Lancet 2018 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30357-7

Estimated per-capita fruit intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita fruit intake (g/day)

Estimated per-capita processed meat intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita processed meat intake (g per day)

Estimated per-capita whole grains intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita whole grains intake (g/day)

Mental health - depression disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with depression disorders

Mental health - anxiety disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with anxiety disorders

Oesophageal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Breast cancer

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, breast, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Colorectal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Pancreatic cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Gallbladder cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Kidney cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Cancer of the uterus

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, cervix uteri, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Raised blood pressure

Adults, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Men, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Women, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Raised cholesterol

Adults, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Men, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Women, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Raised fasting blood glucose

Men, 2014-2019

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Women, 2014-2019

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Diabetes prevalence

Adults, 2017

References:Reproduced with kind permission of IDF, International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas, 8th edition. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation, 2017. http://www.diabetesatlas.org
Definitions:Diabetes age-adjusted comparative prevalence (%).

Actions

Smart School Meals

School meals programmes that not only feed children but nourish them while promoting healthy eating habits represent a unique instrument to simultaneously promote human development and support health and education goals. When integrated in broader social protection systems and linked to other programmes, they maximize their potential and the return on investment of national budgets. The region’s prominent effort in institutionalizing and scaling up universal, quality school meals programmes deserves dedicated attention to better understand nutrition-sensitive approaches and the opportunities that lie ahead of us all to best serve schoolchildren and vulnerable populations. Children who are well nourished and healthy can learn and thrive.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2017 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Organisation:World Food Programme
Find out more:docs.wfp.org
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Smart School Meals Nutrition-Sensitive National Programmes in Latin America and the Caribbean A Review of 16 Countries [Internet]. 2017d. Available from: https://docs.wfp.org/api/documents/WFP-0000019946/download/?_ga=2.241320961.2085125925.1595691056-184791230.1593606330

Multisectoral programme to reduce overweight and obesity

Multisectoral programme to reduce overweight and obesity

Categories:Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2015 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Linked document:Download linked document

Food-based dietary guidelines

Dietary guidelines for the Cuban population over two years of age (Spanish: Guías alimentarias para la población cubana mayor de dos años). Dietary guidelines for Cuban children younger than two years of age. Technical manual for health teams (Spanish: Guías alimentarias para niños y niñas cubanos hasta dos años de edad. Documento técnico para los equipos de salud).

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Year(s):2009 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Institute of Nutrition and Food Hygiene of Cuba
Find out more:www.fao.org
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Cuba [Internet]. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. [cited 2020 Jul 25]. Available from: http://www.fao.org/nutrition/education/food-based-dietary-guidelines/regions/countries/cuba/es/

National plan for the control and prevention of obesity

National plan for the control and prevention of obesity

Categories:Evidence of National Obesity Strategy/Policy or Action
Year(s):2008 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Linked document:Download linked document

Food Security Policy

This program performs the systematic surveillance of food and chemical and biological contaminants that transmit diseases, it evaluates the diet that is offered in schools and workplace cafeterias and controls the monitoring of maternal and child nutrition. As a part of the system, monitoring sites are created in order to monitor food and nutrition in all provinces.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Food and nutrition security policy
Find out more:plataformacelac.org
References:Cuba: Food Security Policy [Internet]. plataformacelac.org. [cited 2020s Jul 25]. Available from: https://plataformacelac.org/en/politica/248#:~:text=In%20the%20Food%20Security%20Policy

No actions could be found for the above criteria.

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