• Overview
  • Obesity prevalence
  • Population breakdowns
  • Drivers
  • Comorbidities
  • Actions
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Obesity prevalence

Adults, 2007

Survey type:Measured
Age:20-64
Sample size:1712
Area covered:National
References:Ministry of Health, “National Non-communicable Diseases Risk Factors Survey 2007,” Bahrain, 2010
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Adults, 1998-1999

Survey type:Measured
Age:19+
Sample size:2301
Area covered:National
References:Bahrain National Nutrition Survey 2002
Unless otherwise noted, overweight refers to a BMI between 25kg and 29.9kg/m², obesity refers to a BMI greater than 30kg/m².

Children, 2016

Survey type:Self-reported
Age:13-17
References:Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS), available at https://www.cdc.gov/gshs/countries/index.htm (last accessed 28.04.20)
Notes:WHO cutoffs.
Cutoffs:WHO

Children, 2003-2005

Survey type:Measured
Age:10-13
Sample size:2146
Area covered:National
References:O Musaiger A, Al-Mannai M, Al-Marzog Q. Overweight and Obesity among Children (10-13 years) in Bahrain:A comparison between Two International Standards. Pak J Med Sci. 2014;30(3):497-500.
Notes:Not age standardised IOTF Cut Off
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2000

Survey type:Measured
Age:12-17
Sample size:506
Area covered:National
References:Al-Sendi AM, Shetty P and Musaiger AO. 2003. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Bahraini adolescents: a comparison between three different sets of criteria. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57: 471 - 474.
Notes:Boys = 249 Girls = 257 IOTF Cut off. Reference: Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 1999-2001

Survey type:Measured
Age:6-17
Sample size:2408
Area covered:National
References:Gharib NM and Rasheed P. Anthropometry and body composition of school children in Bahrain. Annual Saudi Medicals, 29 (4): 258 - 269.
Notes:IOTF Cut off. Reference: Cole TJ, Bellizzi MC, Flegal KM, Dietz WH. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: International survey. BMJ. 2000 May 6;320(7244):1240-3.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Overweight/obesity by age

Children, 2003-2005

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:2146
Area covered:National
References:Musaiger, A.O, Al-Mannai, M, and Al-Marzog, Q. 2014. Overweight and obesity among children (10-13 years) in Bahrain:A comparison between Two International Standards. Pak J Med Sci. 30(3). pp. 497-500.
Notes:IOTF cut-offs used.
Cutoffs:IOTF

Children, 2000

Survey type:Measured
Sample size:506
Area covered:National
References:Al-Sendi AM, Shetty P, Musaiger AO. Prevalence of overwieght and obesity among Bahraini adolescents: a comparison between three different sets of criteria. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2003;57:471-474
Cutoffs:IOTF

Estimated per-capita fruit intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita fruit intake (g/day)

Estimated per-capita processed meat intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita processed meat intake (g per day)

Estimated per-capita whole grains intake

Adults, 2017

Survey type:Measured
Age:25+
References:Global Burden of Disease, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation http://ghdx.healthdata.org/
Definitions:Estimated per-capita whole grains intake (g/day)

Mental health - depression disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with depression disorders

Mental health - anxiety disorders

Adults, 2015

References:Prevalence data from Global Burden of Disease study 2015 (http://ghdx.healthdata.org) published in: Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates. Geneva:World Health Organization; 2017. Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.
Definitions:% of population with anxiety disorders

Oesophageal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, oesophagus, adults ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Breast cancer

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, breast, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Colorectal cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, colorectum, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Pancreatic cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, pancreas, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Gallbladder cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, gallbladder, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Kidney cancer

Men, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, kidney, adults, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Cancer of the uterus

Women, 2018

Age:20+
References:Global Cancer Observatory, Cancer incidence rates http://gco.iarc.fr/ (last accessed 30th June 2020)
Definitions:Estimated age-standardized incidence rates (World) in 2018, cervix uteri, females, ages 20+. ASR (World) per 100,000

Raised blood pressure

Adults, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Men, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Women, 2015

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A875?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised estimated % Raised blood pressure 2015 (SBP>=140 OR DBP>=90).

Raised cholesterol

Adults, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Men, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Women, 2008

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A885
Definitions:% Raised total cholesterol (>= 5.0 mmol/L) (age-standardized estimate).

Raised fasting blood glucose

Men, 2014

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Women, 2014

References:Global Health Observatory data repository, World Health Organisation, http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.A869?lang=en
Definitions:Age Standardised % raised fasting blood glucose (>= 7.0 mmol/L or on medication).

Diabetes prevalence

Adults, 2017

References:Reproduced with kind permission of IDF, International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas, 8th edition. Brussels, Belgium: International Diabetes Federation, 2017. http://www.diabetesatlas.org
Definitions:Diabetes age-adjusted comparative prevalence (%).

Actions

National strategy for the diet and physical activity

National strategy for the diet and physical activity

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Year(s):2018 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Linked document:Download linked document

Bahrain excise tax on soft and energy drinks

Excisable goods Excise tax rate_x000D__x000D_ _x000D__x000D_ Soft drinks 50%_x000D__x000D_ _x000D__x000D_ Energy drinks 100%_x000D__x000D_ _x000D__x000D_ Article 1 of the Implementation Regulations defines the excisable goods as:_x000D__x000D_ _x000D__x000D_ Soft drinks: Any aerated beverage except unflavored aerated water. Soft drinks include any concentrates, powder, gel, or extracts intended to be made into an aerated beverage._x000D__x000D_ _x000D__x000D_ Energy drinks: Any beverages marketed or sold as an energy drink that may contain stimulant substances that provide mental and physical stimulation, which includes without limitation caffeine, taurine, ginseng and guarana. This also includes any substance that has an identical or similar effect as the aforementioned substances._x000D__x000D_ _x000D__x000D_ Link to news article included

Categories:Taxation/Subsidies on Food or Beverages or law relating to public health
Year(s):2017 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:States of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)
Find out more:taxinsights.ey.com
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Wam (n.d.) Bahrain announces Excise Tax on cigarettes, energy drinks from December 30. [Online]. Khaleej Times. Available from: https://www.khaleejtimes.com/business/economy/bahrain-announces-excise-tax-on-cigarettes-energy-drinks-from-december-30- [Accessed: 7 July 2020]. ‌

National Strategy for Control and Prevention of Non - communicable Diseases in Kingdom of Bahrain 2014 – 2025

National Strategy for Control and Prevention of Non - communicable Diseases in Kingdom of Bahrain 2014 – 2025

Categories:Evidence of NCD strategy
Year(s):2014-2025
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Linked document:Download linked document

Bahrain's Health Agenda: health improvement strategy

In order to strengthen the prevention and control of NCDs, the Ministry has developed a national policy framework of laws, directives and regulations. These are designed to protect public health through measures such as restrictions on smoking in public and other designated areas, ensuring food safety and the labelling of food and drinks so that purchasers are aware of the content of what they are buying. Other measures will include fiscal policies that encourage the consumption of healthy goods over unhealthy ones. To ensure a comprehensive approach to disease prevention and control, the Ministry will focus on taking consultative measures to encourage participation and endorsement by representatives of key sectors in the policy making process.

Categories:Evidence of NCD strategy
Year(s):2012-2014
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Find out more:extranet.who.int
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Anon (n.d.) Policy - Bahrain’s Health Agenda. Health Improvement Strategy | Global database on the Implementation of Nutrition Action (GINA). [Online]. extranet.who.int. Available from: https://extranet.who.int/nutrition/gina/en/node/17830 [Accessed: 7 July 2020q]. ‌

Clinical Guidelines on Evaluation and Management of Paediatric Overweight and Obesity

Clinical Guidelines on Evaluation and Management of Paediatric Overweight and Obesity

Categories:Evidence of Management/treatment guidelines
Year(s):2012 (ongoing)
Target age group:Children
Organisation:Nutrition section - public health
Linked document:Download linked document

Guidelines on fast food menu labelling

There are voluntary menu labelling recommendations for fast food chain restaurants.

Categories:Labelling Regulation/Guidelines
Industry/Government regulations - voluntary /pledges
Year(s):2010 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Find out more:Unable to locate further details if you have access please email us at obesity@worldobesity.org

Health Bus Bahrain

The main aim of the project in Bahrain is to enable young people and children to practise physical activity. The project focuses solely on physical activity promotion and is targeted at children and young people, particularly those from low socioeconomic groups.

Categories:Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Year(s):2010 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health
Find out more:www.emro.who.int
Linked document:Download linked document
References:World Health Organisation. http://www.emro.who.int/health-education/physical-activity-case-studies/dr-amal-bus-bahrain.html (last accessed 2 March 2016)

Strategy to combat Obesity 2010-2015

A strategy providing useful guidelines for each Arab country, allowing them to prepare their own strategy/plan for prevention and control of obesity. The strategy includes 9 target areas: child-care centers for preschool children, schools, primary health care, secondary care, food companies, food preparation institutes, media, public benefit organizations, and the workplace.

Categories:Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Non-national obesity strategies
Year(s):2010-2015
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Arab Task force for Obesity and Physical Activity
Find out more:www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Musaiger et al 2011. Strategy to combat obesity and to promote physical activity in Arab countries. Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy. 4. pp. 89–97.

Nutrition Clinics - Management and Prevention of Obesity

The nutrition clinic project aims to provide high standards of obesity management to all overweight_x000D__x000D_ and obese adults in the Kingdom of Bahrain in the primary care set-up and to ensure that patients who suffer from weight related problems will receive early, appropriate and long-term management of obesity and its associated morbidities.

Categories (partial):Evidence of National Obesity Strategy/Policy or Action
Evidence of Management/treatment guidelines
Year(s):2008 (ongoing)
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:Ministry of Health, Directorate of Public Health Nutrition Section
Find out more:www.moh.gov.bh
Linked document:Download linked document
References:Gharib, N., Mariam, M., Amer, A. & Al-Salehi, S. (2012) Nutrition Clinics Managment & Prevention of Obesity Together for Better Life Ministry of Health Directorate of Public Health Nutrition Section. [Online]. Available from: http://www.moh.gov.bh/Content/Files/Publications/X_217201413620.pdf [Accessed: 7 July 2020]. ‌

School Nutrition Programme

Continuous training are provided to decision-makers to promote healthy school nutrition, and educational activities on nutrition are regularly organized for school children in all public schools.

Categories:Evidence of Nutritional or Health Strategy/ Guidelines/Policy/Action plan
Evidence of Physical Activity Guidelines/Policy
Evidence of Community Interventions/Campaign
Target age group:Adults and children
Organisation:FAO
Find out more:www.fao.org
Linked document:Download linked document
References:"Anon (n.d.) FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS NUTRITION COUNTRY PROFILE KINGDOM OF BAHRAIN Bahrain Nutrition Profile -Nutrition and Consumer Protection Division, FAO, 2007 2. [Online]. Available from: http://www.fao.org/3/aq036e/aq036e.pdf [Accessed: 7 July 2020]. ‌"

No actions could be found for the above criteria.

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